Women's Rights In The United States

Women's Rights In The United States

by Winston E. Langley

The 125 historical documents in this unique volume bring to life the triumphs, disappointments, and enduring contributions of women's struggle for equal rights in America. This work also reveals often-surprising sources of opposition, such as Abraham Lincoln and the U.S. Supreme Court. Organized into five chronological periods, the documents provide a flavor for

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The 125 historical documents in this unique volume bring to life the triumphs, disappointments, and enduring contributions of women's struggle for equal rights in America. This work also reveals often-surprising sources of opposition, such as Abraham Lincoln and the U.S. Supreme Court. Organized into five chronological periods, the documents provide a flavor for the time period in which they were written. Each period and each document is preceded by an explanatory introduction that puts it in historical context. A chronology of significant dates in the history of American women's rights, a topically organized bibliography, and a list of women's organizations for further information completes the work.

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ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
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Table of Contents

Series Foreword
Significant Dates in the History of Women's Rights
Pt. IA Flavor of the Setting: Colonial Period to the Adoption of the Constitution1
Document 1Biblical Authority and Women's Rights5
Document 2Commentaries on the Laws of England (William Blackstone, 1765)6
Document 3The Examination of Mrs. Ann Hutchinson (1637)9
Document 4John Winthrop's View of a "Woman's Place" (1645)14
Document 5A Seventeenth Century Quaker Women's Declaration (1675)15
Document 6Interaction among Quaker Women: A Glimpse (1708-1726)17
Document 7Letter to Catherine Ray (Benjamin Franklin, 1755)18
Document 8An Occasional Letter on the Female Sex (Thomas Paine, 1775)19
Document 9A Lack of Good Faith? (1776)20
Document 10Sentiments of an American Woman (1780)25
Document 11"On the Equality of the Sexes" (Constantia, 1790)27
Document 12The Rights of Seneca Women (1790-1791)34
Document 13Did Women Gain from the Revolution? (1790-1791)35
Pt. IIThe Republican Order and the Cracks in Its Design, 1790-186539
Document 14Religion, Virtue and the Behavior of Women (1770)45
Document 15Thoughts upon Female Education (Benjamin Rush, 1787)46
Document 16Report on Manufactures (Alexander Hamilton, 1791)50
Document 17The Valedictory and Salutatory Orations of Women at The Young Ladies Academy of Philadelphia (1792 and 1793)51
Document 18Women as Industrial Workers, Organizers, and Strikers in the 1830s and 1840s56
Document 19To the Friends of Christian Education (1835)60
Document 20Dissertation on the Characteristic Differences Between the Sexes (Thomas R. Drew, 1835)62
Document 21Letters to Catherine Beecher (Angelina Grimke, 1838)63
Document 22Pastoral Letter of the General Association of Massachusetts (Orthodox) to the Churches under Their Care (1837)65
Document 23Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women (Sarah Grimke, 1837)67
Document 24"The Times that Try Men's Souls" (Maria Weston Chapman, 1837)70
Document 25Discourse on Female Influence (Jonathan Steams, 1837)72
Document 26The Right of the People, Men and Women, to Petition (1838)74
Document 27Shaw v. Shaw (1845)76
Document 28The Admission of the First Woman to a Male Medical College (Steven Smith, M.D., 1847)77
Document 29Married Women's Property Acts, New York (1848-1849)80
Document 30Declaration of Sentiments (1848)82
Document 31The Rights of Women: A Reaction to Seneca Falls (Frederick Douglass, 1848)85
Document 32Paulina W. Davis's Definition of the Women's Movement (1850)86
Document 33Memorial (Women's Efforts to Influence the Ohio Constitutional Convention, 1850)87
Document 34"Ain't I a Woman?" (Sojourner Truth, 1851)88
Document 35"On the Education of Females" (Paulina W. Davis, 1851)89
Document 36Syracuse National Woman's Rights Convention (1852)93
Document 37New York State Temperance Convention, Rochester (1852)95
Document 38Constitutional Convention of Massachusetts (July 1853)97
Document 39Women's Rights Convention, New York (August 1853)99
Document 40Changes in Women's Economic Conditions (1853)101
Document 41Have We A Despotism Among Us! (1854)104
Document 42Marriage under Protest (Henry Blackwell and Elizabeth Stone, 1855)107
Document 43Condition of Black Women Before the Civil War (mid-1850s)109
Document 44Commonwealth v. Patrick Fogerty (1857)113
Document 45Hair v. Hair (1858)114
Document 46Address on Behalf of the New York Divorce Bill (Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 1861)118
Document 47Changes in the Married Women's Property Act of 1860, New York, and Some Reactions to Them121
Document 48Recognition of Anna Ella Carroll's Military Contribution to the Civil War (1881)123
Document 49The Loyal Women of the Country to Abraham Lincoln (1863)125
Document 50Petition to the Senate and House of Representatives and Editorial by Theodore Tilton of the New York Independent, Regarding Women's Suffrage and the Fourteenth Amendment (1865)127
Pt. IIIThe Suffrage Issue: One among Many, 1866-1920131
Document 51Congressional Debate on Women's Suffrage (1866)139
Document 52"Keep the Thing Going while Things Are Stirring" (Sojourner Truth, 1867)141
Document 53The Fourteenth Amendment (1868)143
Document 54Statement by Frederick Douglass (1869)144
Document 55An Act to Grant to the Women of Wyoming the Right of Suffrage, and to Hold Office (1869)144
Document 56The Fifteenth Amendment (1870)145
Document 57Address of Victoria C. Woodhull to the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives (1871)146
Document 58The Comstock Law (1873)147
Document 59U.S. v. Susan B. Anthony (1873)149
Document 60Bradwell v. Illinois (1873)151
Document 61"Social Purity" (Susan B. Anthony, 1875)153
Document 62Testimony on Prostitution (1876)158
Document 63Socialist Statement on Women's Rights (The First International, 1876)159
Document 641876 Declaration of Rights160
Document 65Letter to Susan B. Anthony (1881)164
Document 66"The Relation of the Sexes to Government" (Edward D. Cope, 1888)166
Document 67"Solitude of Self" (Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 1892)169
Document 68"A Letter on Woman Suffrage from One Woman to Another" (1894)171
Document 69The Woman's Bible (Elizabeth Cady Stanton, 1895)173
Document 70Black and White Women's Clubs - Some Goals (1895)176
Document 71Women's Constitution and Health - Some Interpretations (1870, 1895)179
Document 72Women and Economics (Charlotte Perkins Gilman, 1898)181
Document 73Muller v. Oregon (1908)187
Document 74Reactions to Socialists' Position on Women's Rights (1907)189
Document 75The Lady (Emily James Putnam, 1910)190
Document 76History of Women in Industry in the United States (1910)193
Document 77The Traffic in Women and Marriage and Love (Emma Goldman, 1910)201
Document 78Hearings on Women's Suffrage Before the House Committee on the Judiciary (1912)209
Document 79Woman's Share in Social Culture (Anna Garlin Spencer, 1912)210
Document 80From a Drunkard's Wife (1894)216
Document 81Sex Education and Contraception (1913)216
Document 82The Nineteenth Amendment (1920)220
Pt. IVA Woman Is a Woman Is a Woman: The Struggle Continues, 1920-1963223
Document 83"The Flapper and Her Critics" (Gerald E. Critoph, early 1920s)231
Document 84Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923)234
Document 85Proposed Equal Rights Amendment (1923)235
Document 86A League of Women Voters Survey of the Legal Status of Women (1924)236
Document 87"Shall Women Throw Away Their Privileges?" (Edward C. Lukens, 1925)239
Document 88"Women Should Have Equal Rights with Men: A Reply" (Burnita S. Matthews, 1926)241
Document 89Working Women Respond to the Equal Rights Amendment (1920-1940)244
Document 90Regulation of Employment for Women (1933)246
Document 91"Challenging Sexual Discrimination in the Historical Profession" (Jacqueline Goggin, circa 1930s)248
Document 92Gender at Work: The Depression and World War II (1933)250
Document 93Employed Mothers and Child Care During the Depression and World War II (circa 1940)255
Document 94Puerto Rican and Black Women's Paid Labor (1940s)257
Document 95Goesaert v. Cleary (1948)260
Document 96"Why I Quit Working" (1951)262
Document 97Planned Parenthood (early 1950s)264
Document 98"Women Are People" (1952)265
Document 99Hoyt v. Florida (1961)266
Document 100The Feminine Mystique (Betty Friedan, 1963)267
Pt. VAt the Crossroads, 1963-1993273
Document 101The Equal Pay Act of 1963279
Document 102The Civil Rights Act of 1964280
Document 103"Notes of a Radical Lesbian" (Martha Shelly, 1969)283
Document 104"The Secretarial Proletariat" (Judith Ann, 1970)285
Document 105The Dialectics of Sex (Shulamith Firestone, 1970)286
Document 106Reed v. Reed (1971)289
Document 107The Equal Rights Amendment and Some Arguments Pro and Con (1972)290
Document 108The Second Revolution (1973)293
Document 109Frontiero v. Richardson (1973)294
Document 110Roe v. Wade (1973)296
Document 111"Day Care in Connecticut: Problems and Perspectives" (1975)299
Document 112Diary of a Student-Mother-Housewife-Worker (mid-1970s)299
Document 113The Battered Woman (Lenore E. Walker, 1979)301
Document 114Rostker v. Goldberg (1981)305
Document 115The Second Stage (Betty Friedan, 1981)307
Document 116Black Women and Feminism (bell hooks, 1981)309
Document 117The Equality Trap (Mary Ann Mason, 1988)312
Document 118Perspectives on Pornography (1991)315
Document 119The Civil Rights Act of 1991318
Document 120U.S. Roman Catholic Bishop's Letter on Women (1992)320
Document 121"Science vs. the Female Scientist" (Shirley M. Tilghman, 1993)321
Document 122The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993324
Document 123Policy on the Assignment of Women in the Armed Forces (1993)325
Document 124"Special Versus Equal Treatment" (1993)326
Document 125Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women327
Women's Organizations335

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