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Woodcarving: Tools, Material & Equipment, Volume 1

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Overview

Since the first edition was published in 1994, this classic book has established itself as the standard reference on woodcarving. It is now expanded and divided logically into 2 volumes with new colour photography throughout. It should be required reading for all carvers. Volume one deals with the selection, sharpening and maintenance of carving tools. Though the emphasis is on traditional chisels and gouges, the use of power tools is also covered, and ancillary tools such as mallets, abrading tools, knives, ...

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Overview

Since the first edition was published in 1994, this classic book has established itself as the standard reference on woodcarving. It is now expanded and divided logically into 2 volumes with new colour photography throughout. It should be required reading for all carvers. Volume one deals with the selection, sharpening and maintenance of carving tools. Though the emphasis is on traditional chisels and gouges, the use of power tools is also covered, and ancillary tools such as mallets, abrading tools, knives, punches and scratch stocks are all considered in detail.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781861082015
  • Publisher: Guild of Master Craftsman
  • Publication date: 2/28/2002
  • Edition description: New
  • Pages: 256
  • Sales rank: 801,742
  • Product dimensions: 8.26 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 0.62 (d)

Meet the Author

Chris Pye has been carving professionally for over 20 years. He started carving for a house-sign company, being paid per letter. Hundreds of signs later he had perfected an efficient and precise way of lettering, which he shares here. Chris writes regularly for Woodcarving magazine, and has written other books on carving. In addition to teaching woodcarving for all abilities, his is ordained into the Western Buddhist Order. He lives in Herefordshire, England with his family.

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Table of Contents

Health and safety x
Foreword to the first edition xii
Foreword to the new edition xiii
Acknowledgements xiv
Introduction 1
Part I Understanding Woodcarving Tools
Aims of Part I 6
1 Types of Woodcarving Tool
Aims 8
Finding your way around 8
The Sheffield List 10
Numerical description 11
How useful is the Sheffield List? 15
Using the numbering systems 16
The parts of a woodcarving tool 17
2 Blades
Aims 19
Quality of steel 19
The different shapes and their uses 24
Cross section 24
Longitudinal section 33
Width 41
Length 43
Summary 43
Shoulders 44
Function 44
Shoulderless tools 45
Correct shape 46
Tangs 47
Function 47
Types 49
Correct shape 50
3 Handles
Aims 53
Overview 53
Improving bought handles 57
Shapes and identification 58
Woods 61
Ferrules 61
Making handles 65
Fitting handles 69
Removing handles 70
Finish 72
Name punches 72
4 Carving-Tool Faults and Their Correction
Aims 73
Blades 74
Shoulders 77
Tangs 78
Handles 79
5 Selecting and Buying Woodcarving Tools
Aims 80
Shape and function 80
Straight chisels 81
Straight skew chisels 82
Shortbent chisels 83
Shortbent corner chisels 83
Splayed chisels 84
V-tools 84
Straight gouges 85
Splayed gouges 88
Longbent gouges 88
Shortbent gouges 89
Backbent gouges 89
Selecting and ordering 90
Making the choice 90
Selecting the tools 91
A suggested starting kit 92
Buying by mail order 93
Second-hand tools 93
6 Innovations in Carving Tools
Aims 97
Flexcut carving tools 97
The Ray Gonzalez hooked skew chisel 99
Cogelow tools 101
Chinese carving tools 102
Microtools 104
7 Care of Woodcarving Tools
Aims 106
Storage possibilities 107
General points 107
Tool rolls 107
Racks 109
Drawers 110
Long-term storage 110
Bench discipline 111
Summary 113
Part II Sharpening Woodcarving Tools
Aims of Part II 116
8 Why Carving Tools Must be Sharp
Aims 120
Effort 122
Control 124
Appearance 124
Safety 125
Enjoyment 126
9 Principles of Sharpening
Aims 127
Fundamentals 127
Bevels and cutting angles 128
Function 128
The set of the bevel 129
Sharpness versus strength 130
Bevel angle 131
Flatness 132
Inner and outer bevels 136
Differences in cutting profile 140
The cutting edge 141
Squareness 141
Straightness 143
Corners 146
Even thickness 147
The heel 148
In brief 149
The secret of success 149
Summary 152
10 Equipment: Grinders
Aims 153
Overview 153
Bench grinders 154
Types 154
Speed and friction 156
Belt grinders 158
Summary 158
Making a low-speed grinder 158
Safety and care of grinders 159
11 Equipment: Oilstones and Strops
Aims 161
Benchstones 161
Artificial stones 162
Care of oilstones 163
Natural oilstones 167
Slipstones 169
Types 169
Altering the shape 171
Care 171
Strops 171
Making a benchstrop 171
Care 173
Slipstrops 173
Summary 175
12 The Process of Sharpening
Aims 176
Shaping and sharpening 176
Cutting profiles 177
Basic procedures 177
Grinding 177
Stoning (honing) 181
Slipstoning 187
Stropping 189
Slipstropping 192
Individual tools in detail 192
Flat chisels 193
Skew chisels 193
V-tools 194
Bent chisels 200
Gouges 201
U-shaped gouges 204
Longbent and shortbent gouges 204
Backbent gouges 205
Tapered tools 207
Testing for sharpness 207
Maintaining sharpness 207
Stropping 208
Carving technique 209
Storage and care 209
Effect of the wood being carved 210
Pre-sharpened tools 210
The sharpening area 211
Summary 211
13 Alternative Sharpening Stones
Aims 212
Waterstones 212
Types of waterstone 213
Water slipstones 213
A starter kit 214
Care and maintenance 214
Setting up 215
Using waterstones 215
Pros and cons of waterstones 215
Diamond stones 216
Types of diamond stone 216
Diamond slipstones 219
Which stones to use 219
Care and maintenance 219
Setting up 220
Using diamond stones 220
Pros and cons of diamond stones 221
Ceramic stones 222
Types of ceramic stone 222
Ceramic slipstones 223
Which stones to use 223
Care and maintenance 223
Using ceramic stones 223
Pros and cons of ceramic stones 224
14 Electrical Sharpening Methods
Aims 225
Sharpening machines 226
Safety note 228
Principles of power honing 228
Speed and its hazards 228
Wheel shape and size 228
Direction of rotation 228
Hard and soft wheels 229
Types of honing wheel 229
Abrasive 'soap' blocks 230
Other considerations 230
How to use a power sharpener 231
Achieving the correct shape 232
Summary 233
Metric conversion table 234
Photographic credits 234
About the author 235
Index 236
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