- Shopping Bag ( 0 items )
Danish literary critic and historian Zeruneith sets out to explain how conscious thought for Western civilization emerged in ancient Greece through the works of certain poets and philosophers. His examination begins with Homer, includes poets and tragedians such as Hesiod and Sophocles, and ends with Socrates. According to Zeruneith, it is important to start with Odysseus because it is through him that Homer presented a character relying on intellect rather that heroic strength. After Homer, writes Zeruneith, poets such as Archilochus began to move away from mythical subject matter to a style of poetry expressing internal thoughts. Also, pre-Socratic philosophers began to rely on empirical analysis rather than myths to explain the world. This emphasis on internal thought reached its culmination in the philosophy of Socrates, the highest goal of which is a life dedicated to the pursuit of wisdom. Overall, Zeruneith successfully combines historical analysis and philosophical reflection to show how the ancient Greeks' emphasis on intellect and rationality influenced our understanding of history and philosophy. Recommended for academic libraries.