Words on Words: Quotations about Language and Languages / Edition 2

Words on Words: Quotations about Language and Languages / Edition 2

by David Crystal
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0226122018

ISBN-13: 9780226122014

Pub. Date: 10/28/2000

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

From Homer ("winged words") to Robert Burns ("Beware a tongue that's smoothly hung") to Rudyard Kipling ("Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind"), writers from all over the world have put pen to paper on the inexhaustible topic of language. Yet surprisingly, their writings on the subject have never been gathered in a single volume. In

Overview

From Homer ("winged words") to Robert Burns ("Beware a tongue that's smoothly hung") to Rudyard Kipling ("Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind"), writers from all over the world have put pen to paper on the inexhaustible topic of language. Yet surprisingly, their writings on the subject have never been gathered in a single volume. In Words on Words, David and Hilary Crystal have collected nearly 5,000 quotations about language and all its intriguing aspects: speaking, reading, writing, translation, verbosity, usage, slang, and more. As the stock-in-trade of so many professions—orators, media personalities, writers, and countless others—language's appeal as a subject is extraordinarily relevant and wide-ranging.

The quotations are grouped thematically under 65 different headings, from "The Nature of Language" through the "Language of Politics" to "Quoting and Misquoting." This arrangement enables the reader to explore a topic through a variety of lenses, ancient and modern, domestic and foreign, scientific and casual, ironic and playful. Three thorough indexes—to authors, sources, and key words—provide different entry points into the collection. A valuable resource for professional writers and scholars, Words on Words is for anyone who loves language and all things linguistic.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226122014
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
10/28/2000
Edition description:
1
Pages:
587
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.50(h) x 2.00(d)

Table of Contents

IntroductionVII
Language
1The Nature of Language: The nature and functions of language3
2Language in Thinking and Thought: Thinking and reasoning in relation to speech and language9
3Language Myths and Origins: The origins and early history of speech and language19
4Body Language: Facial expressions, gestures, and other forms of non-verbal communication23
5Meaning and Sense: The nature of meaning, definition, sense, and nonsense26
6Words or Deeds: The choice between talk and action, language and living32
7Ever-changing Language: Continuity and change in language over time; loan words and neologisms36
8Arguing About Usage: Issues of usage and correctness in language43
9The Language of Youth and Age: Child language, and the changes between youth and old age50
Languages
10Language Diversity: The world's languages; language identity, endangerment, maintenance, and death57
11Languages Observed: The supposed qualities of different languages60
12Bilingualism and Multilingualism: Being proficient in more than one language66
13Translating and Interpreting: The task of translation and interpreting70
14Teaching and Learning: Principles and practices of language teaching and learning75
15Foreigner Talk: Impressions of foreign languages; speech by and to foreigners80
Analysing Language
16Exposing Language: Terms and techniques for analysing language; linguistics and philology87
17Speaking: The nature and functions of speech and speaking93
18Pronunciation: Speech sounds, vocal organs, and the sound of the voice97
19Listening: The nature and functions of listening and hearing100
20Reading: The nature and functions of reading and books103
21Writing: The nature and functions of writing; techniques of successful writing107
22Learning to Read and Write: Literacy; spelling and its reform; writing systems113
23Grammar: Grammar, grammars, and points of grammatical usage116
24Dictionaries: Dictionaries and lexicographers125
Good and Bad Language
25The Nature of Eloquence: Oratory, eloquence, rhetoric, and other forms of good or bad expression131
26The Art of Conversation: Conversational topics and strategies138
27Subject-matter: Topics, knowledge, opinions, and beliefs as expressed by language147
28Language Clear and Unclear: Obscurity, vagueness, imprecision, ambiguity, and other issues of clarity150
29Saying Too Much: Verbosity, long-windedness, and other forms of excessive speech or writing154
30Saying Just Enough: Brevity, taciturnity, conciseness, and other forms of economy in speech or writing160
31Keeping Quiet: The nature and functions of silence and pause163
32Friendly Language: Words of comfort, love, apology, gentleness, praise, and tact168
33The Language of Flattery: Flattering, smooth, and insincere language172
34Unfriendly Language: Speaking or writing sharply; sarcasm, ridicule, anger, insult, and slander174
35Quarrels and Arguments: Quarrelling, disputing, arguing, and debating177
36Truth and Lies: Telling the truth, lying, secrets, vows, and other promises179
Words
37Words, Words, Words: Words in general, their nature and function187
38Words Praised: Words and language praised or celebrated192
39Words Criticized: Words and language criticized or condemned197
40Words as Weapons: Words seen as weapons or ammunition202
41Wise and Foolish Talk: Words of Wisdom or advice; words careless or foolish206
42Slang: Slang and fashionable language209
43Swearing: Swearing, cursing, obscenity, and other exclamatory language211
44Worn-out Words: Cliches, platitudes, euphemisms, and other worn-out expressions215
45Names and Nicknames: Names and nicknames of people, places, or animals217
46Words and Expressions: Individual words and expressions praised or condemned224
Style, Genre and Variety
47The Secret of Style: The nature of style in language231
48Language in Literature: The use of language in literature and criticism234
49Poetic Language: The distinctive language of poetry; the differences between poetry and prose239
50Metaphors and Similes: The use of images in speech and writing246
51Accents and Dialects: Regional ways of talking, in pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, and style248
52Noblesse Oblige: Language in society; social class and politeness253
53Men and Women: Opinions and attitudes about male and female speech257
54Walls of Words: Academic language, and jargon in general260
55The Language of Politics: The jargon of politics, diplomacy, the civil service, and public administration263
56The Language of Law: Legal terms, personalities, and procedures266
57The Language of Religion: Talking to or about God, and other forms of religious language268
58The Language of Science: The language used in science and technology273
59The Language of the Media: Communication in the press, advertising, radio, and television275
60The Performing Arts: The language of theatre, cinema, and mime278
61The Musical World: Language in relation to music, opera and song280
62Proverbial Wisdom: Proverbs, maxims, epigrams, and other succinct expressions282
63Playing with Language: Puns, jokes, anagrams, wit, and other kinds of language play286
64Personalities: Linguistically distinctive characters in fact and fiction289
Postscript
65Quoting and Misquoting: The use and abuse of quotations297
Index of Authors299
Index of Sources317
Index of Key Words, Phrases, and Concepts336

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >