Wordsmith: A Guide to Paragraphs and Short Essays / Edition 4

Wordsmith: A Guide to Paragraphs and Short Essays / Edition 4

by Pamela Arlov

ISBN-10: 0136050603

ISBN-13: 9780136050605

Pub. Date: 06/24/2009

Publisher: Longman

Focusing on developmental writing at the paragraph level, this comprehensive guide offers a clear and systematic presentation of writing and grammar, with myriad examples and exercises to support concepts and hone skills. Covering all steps of the writing process in the order in which a writer uses them, it provides strategies for creating topic…  See more details below


Focusing on developmental writing at the paragraph level, this comprehensive guide offers a clear and systematic presentation of writing and grammar, with myriad examples and exercises to support concepts and hone skills. Covering all steps of the writing process in the order in which a writer uses them, it provides strategies for creating topic sentences and writing paragraphs, and presents nine different methods of development with model paragraphs. It devotes an entire section to grammar, and finishes with a selection of short, entertaining readings -- complete with reading comprehension questions and writing assignments - that helps users take advantage of the strong connection between reading and writing. Offers consecutive chapters on prewriting, writing the paragraph, revising, and proofreading, and addresses the concepts of direction, unity, coherence and support as an integral part of writing supporting paragraphs. Explains grammatical concepts in a systematic and easy-to-understand manner, with many review exercises and interesting side boxes. Provides twenty brief, interesting readings that reinforce reading skills and illustrate different writing techniques. Includes lighthearted chapter-opening boxes, a running sample paragraph in progress, and tips for right-brained writers. For anyone wishing to strengthen their writing skills communicate more clearly.

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Product Details

Publication date:
Edition description:
New Edition
Product dimensions:
7.40(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

To the Instructorxix
To the Studentxxv
Part 1Composition
Chapter 1The Writing Process3
The Writing Process4
An Important Point6
The Writing Process: Stephanie's Paragraph6
Writing for Right-Brained Writers12
Chapter 2Preparing to Write15
Prewriting Methods16
Invisible Writing: A Computer Technique19
Narrowing Your Topic: The Topic-Subtopic Method21
Journal Writing24
Chapter 3Writing Paragraphs26
Characteristics of an Effective Paragraph26
Direction: Shaping the Topic Sentence of a Paragraph27
Unity: Sticking to the Point33
Coherence: Holding the Paragraph Together36
Support: Using Specific Detail43
Chapter 4Revising and Proofreading52
Checklist for Revision53
The Top-Down Technique57
The Bottom-Up Technique57
The Targeting Technique57
Proofreading the Word-Processed Paragraph58
Chapter 5Showing and Telling: Description, Narration, and Example60
Sense Impressions61
Spatial Order63
Establishing a Dominant Impression65
Wordsmith's Corner: Sample Descriptive Paragraphs66
Steps to Writing a Successful Narrative70
Wordsmith's Corner: Sample Narrative Paragraphs73
The Short Example76
The Sentence-Length Example77
The Extended Example79
Wordsmith's Corner: Paragraphs Developed by Example80
Chapter 6Limiting and Ordering: Definition, Classification, and Process84
Setting Up Your Definition Paragraph85
Wordsmith's Corner: Sample Definition Paragraphs86
Establishing a Basis for Classification90
Wordsmith's Corner: Sample Classification Paragraphs93
Organizing the Process Paper97
Wordsmith's Corner: Sample Process Paragraphs97
Chapter 7Examining Logical Connections: Comparison-Contrast, Cause-Effect, and Argument102
Setting Up the Comparison-Contrast Paragraph103
Wordsmith's Corner: Sample Comparison-Contrast Paragraphs107
Cause and Effect110
Identifying Causes and Effects111
Wordsmith's Corner: Sample Cause-Effect Paragraphs112
Taking Sides115
Wordsmith's Corner: Sample Argument Paragraphs117
Chapter 8Writing a Five-Paragraph Essay121
Parts of a Five-Paragraph Essay121
The Five-Paragraph Essay122
Sample Five-Paragraph Essay123
Meeting the Challenge of Essay Writing124
Characteristics of an Effective Essay124
The Five-Paragraph Essay: Construction and Assembly125
Providing Direction: Writing the Thesis Statement125
Getting Started: Introducing the Essay128
The Body Paragraphs: Unity130
The Body Paragraphs: Support131
The Body Paragraphs: Coherence134
A Graceful Exit: The Conclusion135
Wordsmith's Corner: Sample Five-Paragraph Essays136
Checklist for Revision141
Part 2Grammar
Chapter 9Subjects and Verbs145
Action and Linking Verbs145
Actions Verbs146
Linking Verbs146
Recognizing Subjects and Verbs148
Finding the Verb148
Finding the Subject150
Recognizing Prepositional Phrases151
Regular and Irregular Verbs153
Puzzling Pairs157
Chapter 10Subject-Verb Agreement165
The Basic Pattern165
Problems in Subject-Verb Agreement169
Prepositional Phrase between Subject and Verb169
Indefinite Pronouns as Subjects170
Subject Following the Verb171
Compound Subjects173
Chapter 11Verb Shifts180
Shifts in Tense180
Avoiding Unnecessary Tense Shifts181
Active and Passive Voice183
Uses of Active and Passive Voice186
Writing Sentences in Active and Passive Voice186
Correcting Shifts in Voice188
Chapter 12Sentence Variety197
Power Tools for Writing Sentences197
Power Tool 1Be Concise197
Power Tool 2Vary Sentence Openings199
Power Tool 3Connect Ideas through Coordination203
Power Tool 4Connect Ideas through Subordination206
Chapter 13Run-On Sentences215
What Is a Run-On Sentence?215
Correcting Run-Ons216
Method 1Period and Capital Letter217
Method 2Comma and FANBOYS Conjunction218
Method 3Semicolon219
Method 4Semicolon and Joining Word220
Method 5Dependent Word222
Chapter 14Sentence Fragments230
What Is a Sentence Fragment?230
Dependent Clause Fragments231
Verbal Phrase Fragments (to, -ing, and -ed)233
Missing-Subject Fragments236
Example and Exception Fragments238
Prepositional-Phrase Fragments239
Chapter 15Pronoun Case247
Subject and Object Pronouns247
Subject Pronouns248
Object Pronouns250
The -self Pronouns--Intensive and Reflexive Pronouns251
Chapter 16Pronoun Agreement, Reference, and Point of View257
Pronoun Agreement258
Problems in Pronoun Agreement259
Pronoun Reference263
Pronoun Reference Problem: No Antecedent263
Pronoun Reference Problems with this264
Pronoun Point of View266
Chapter 17Adjectives, Adverbs, and Articles274
Adjective Forms: Positive, Comparative, and Superlative275
Puzzling Pairs--good and well, bad and badly280
Puzzling Pairs--worse and worst281
Using a and an282
For International Students: Three Rules for a, an, and the283
Chapter 18Capital Letters293
Capital Letters to Begin Sentences293
Capitalization of Words Referring to Individuals294
Names and the Pronoun I294
Family Relationships294
Professional Titles295
Capitalization of Words Referring to Groups296
Religions, Geographic Locations, Races, and Nationalities296
Organizations, Businesses, and Agencies296
Capitalization of Words Referring to Time and Place297
Dates, Days, Holidays, and Seasons297
Place Names298
Capitalization of Words Referring to Things and Activities299
School Subjects299
Consumer Products300
Chapter 19Words Commonly Confused305
Words Commonly Confused305
Chapter 20Word Choice314
Chapter 21Commas326
Commas to Set Off Introductory Words, Phrases, and Clauses326
Commas to Join Items in a Series327
Commas to Join Independent Clauses329
Commas Around Interrupters330
Commas with Direct Quotations331
Commas in Names and Dates332
Chapter 22Other Punctuation339
End Punctuation: Period, Questions Mark, and Exclamation Point339
The Period339
The Question Mark340
The Exclamation Point340
The Semicolon341
Semicolon to Join Independent Clauses341
Semicolon to Join Items in a List342
Colons and Dashes: Formal and Informal Punctuation343
The Colon343
The Dash344
Parentheses: Tools of Understatement344
Chapter 23Apostrophes351
Apostrophes in Contractions351
Apostrophes to Show Possession353
Making Nouns Possessive353
Distinguishing Possessives from Simple Plurals356
Possessive Forms of Pronouns357
Proofreading for Apostrophe Errors358
Chapter 24Quotation Marks366
Quotation Marks to Signal Quotations366
Direct Quotations366
Indirect Quotations368
Quotations Marks and Underlining to Set Off Titles370
Part 3Readings
1Action Hero381
3Against the Wall390
4Older and Wiser--or Just Older?396
5Barbie Madness401
6Living at Warp Speed406
7Spanglish Spoken Here411
8Recipe for a Sick Society417
9Don't Blame Me! The New "Culture of Victimization,"422
10How 'bout Us?429
11Mixed Blessings434
12One for the Books439
13American Space, Chinese Place443
14Disorders R Us448
15Civil Rites454
16All the Rage459
17Conversational Ballgames464
18Muhammad Ali: Still the Greatest471
19Music: A Universal Language477
20Prison Studies483

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