Work and Family in the eWork Era

Work and Family in the eWork Era

by Kevin Cullen
     
 

ISBN-10: 1586033107

ISBN-13: 9781586033101

Pub. Date: 01/01/2003

Publisher: IOS Press, Incorporated

The result of a study conducted in Ireland, Germany, Denmark, and Italy, this work examines the impact of information and communication technology-based working methods (such as telecommuting) on family structures and circumstances. The study looks at work-family interactions from sociological, organizational, technological, and psychological perspectives. The survey

Overview

The result of a study conducted in Ireland, Germany, Denmark, and Italy, this work examines the impact of information and communication technology-based working methods (such as telecommuting) on family structures and circumstances. The study looks at work-family interactions from sociological, organizational, technological, and psychological perspectives. The survey covered four household types: couples with children, couples without children, single parent families, and families with elderly or disabled dependents. Intended to serve as an aid to European policy makers, the study explores such questions as the distributions of costs and benefits between work and family, impact on roles and equality, implications for childcare, management of work-family conflict, usage and requirements of technology, and support factors for "eWorking." Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781586033101
Publisher:
IOS Press, Incorporated
Publication date:
01/01/2003
Series:
International Institute of Administrative Sciences Monographs
Pages:
230
Product dimensions:
6.60(w) x 9.70(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1.Introduction
1.1About the FAMILIES project1
1.2The FAMILIES project in context2
1.3Structure of the book3
1.4Partners3
1.5Acknowledgements3
Chapter 2.Trends and Issues for Work and Family Life
2.1New work forms5
2.1.1Part-time work5
2.1.2Change in company structures6
2.1.3Change in location of work6
2.1.4Type of contract6
2.1.5Self employment6
2.1.6Retirement age7
2.2Families and their structure7
2.3Technology and new forms of work9
2.3.1Types of eWork9
2.4Families and new forms of work11
2.4.1Work intensification11
2.4.2Work-life balance11
2.4.3Teleworking as a means of reconciling work and family12
2.4.4Gender differences in relation to paid and unpaid work12
2.4.5Gender and telework13
2.4.6Gender and motivation to telework13
2.4.7Impact of teleworking on families14
2.5Conclusion14
Chapter 3.Results from the Family Survey
3.1The FAMILIES analytic framework15
3.1.1Family types15
3.1.2eWorking arrangements15
3.1.3Impact at the work-family interface16
3.2The FAMILY survey17
3.3Approach and methods18
3.3.1Sampling frame18
3.4Finding the sample19
3.5Methods19
3.5.1Process of undertaking the case studies20
3.6Sampling objectives and achievements20
3.6.1Family-types21
3.6.2Work-types22
3.7Other characteristics of the sample24
3.8The diversity of cases and reasons for eWorking28
3.8.1The variety of actual cases28
3.8.2Reasons for adoption29
3.9Results from the survey32
3.10Global views on the eWork arrangements33
3.10.1Overall satisfaction33
3.10.2Suitability for family needs34
3.10.3Sustainability34
3.11Work-related factors35
3.12Practical aspects of time and place39
3.12.1Commuting39
3.12.2Work-related visitors to the home39
3.12.3Home workspaces40
3.12.4Boundary management in time and place41
3.12.5The variety of impacts of time and place41
3.13Psychosocial impacts43
3.14Distribution of costs and benefits46
3.14.1Overall winners and losers--Work or family?46
3.14.2Impact on (gendered) roles in relation to family work47
3.14.3Costs and benefits for the different stakeholders48
3.15Technology at the workfamily interface56
3.15.1Work-related technology in the home56
3.15.2Technology to help deal with family matters whilst working away from the home57
Chapter 4.Work Family Scenarios for the eWork Era58
Chapter 5.Emergent Issues and Themes
5.1The right place at the right time?--eWork's impacts on where and when work is done70
5.2Why do it?--Reasons for adoption of eWork74
5.3Different levels and types of impact77
5.4Winners and losers--Who or what benefits from eWork78
5.5Labour market and career issues--Down-shifting, up-shifting and self-employment80
5.6Dreams and realities--The advantages and disadvantages of working from home82
5.7The importance of reversibility--eWorking should not be life sentence83
5.8Neither here nor there, neither one thing nor the other--Managing the boundaries83
5.9The perceptions of others84
5.10Who's minding the children?--No substitute for childcare86
5.11Back to the future, back to the kitchen sink?--Sharing of household duties88
5.12Doing it (all) yourself--Lone parent families90
5.13Working and caring--Families with dependants who have special needs91
5.14Couples without children93
5.15Single people94
5.16The role of technology94
5.17Sharing ISTs between work and family--Conflict or synergy?95
5.18Techno-futures: technology at the work-family interface97
5.19Useful supports--What could facilitate the diffusion and sustainability of eWorking97
5.20The centrality of gender--As always!99
5.21National variations101
5.22Conclusions102
Chapter 6.Implications for Policy and Recommendations
6.1About the recommendations104
6.1.1The policy space addressed by FAMILIES104
6.2Policy recommendations for action105
6.3Policy makers105
6.3.1Actions supporting reconciliation105
6.3.2Actions supporting quality of work and equal opportunities107
6.3.3Actions supporting RTD and Information Society Policies108
6.4Employers109
6.4.1Actions supporting reconciliation110
6.4.2Actions supporting quality of work111
6.5Trade unions113
6.6Citizens and Families organisations114
6.7RTD priorities for Europe's 6th Framework Programme115
6.8Proposal for new eWorking Statistical Indicators117
6.8.1Quantitative indicators118
6.8.2Qualitative indicators120
Bibliography121
Appendix 1Case Studies123

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