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Radiologist by Dr Peter Snatterbeck Typical career route Radiology is a medical specialty. Six years of studying Medicine are followed by two Foundation years. In the past applicants for Radiology did often further core training to a higher examination (e.g. MRCP). The training in Radiology is highly structured and lasts at least 5 years working as a Registrar. The last 1 or 2 years are often spent in a specialty in Radiology. In order to successfully complete the curriculum, trainees need to pass a two part exam held twice a year by the Royal College of Radiologists. Scope of Practice A Radiologist uses various forms of imaging to provide a diagnosis and guide treatment. Hence a thorough knowledge of anatomy and a good understanding of the technology used for imaging is paramount. In the past, imaging was mainly based on x-rays, giving the specialty its name. Nowadays a broad spectrum of different imaging modalities like Ultrasound, Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Tomography are used. Radiology interfaces with a wide range of other specialties and Radiologists are an integral part of the clinical team. Options Many Radiologists, especially in District General Hospitals work as general Radiologists, sometimes with an interest in a certain area, for example Breast Radiology or Musculoskeletal Radiology. In larger centers, Radiologists tend to become more specialised in a field. Acknowledged subspecialties in Radiology are Breast Radiology, Chest Radiology, Neuroradiology, Gastrointestinal Radiology, Musculoskeletal Radiology, Genitourinary Radiology, Paediatric Radiology and Interventional Radiology. Radiology is a thriving and ever evolving discipline and it is likely that the future will see many more specialised areas, for example Cardiac Radiology.