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Businesses and the government are clamoring for a better-prepared workforce. The successful practice of workforce education requires practitioners to have prerequisite knowledge. This common body of knowledge is applicable to practice in all settings: industry, community colleges, high schools, etc. The purpose of this book is to provide this background. This book provides a comprehensive look at workforce education, an aspect of education which prepares individuals to be competitive in seeking employment or to improve on-the-job performance. Written with the practitioner in mind, this is the only foundations book designed for both human resource development and secondary/postsecondary technical education professionals. Employment & training services, human resources.
I.THE MISSION OF WORKFORCE EDUCATION.
1.Historical, Philosophical and Ethical Foundations.
Workforce Education Defined.
Industrialization and Workforce Education.
The “Skills/Employability” Paradigm.
The Development of Workforce Education in the United States.
Turn of the Century Ideologies.
High School Vocational Education.
Workforce Education in Business and Industry.
The Mission of Workforce Education.
Professionalism and Ethics.
Four Ethical Obligations.
2.The Mission: Promoting Career Opportunity for Individuals.
Work and the American Dream.
Task 1. Providing Opportunities for Career Preparation.
Task 2. Providing Career Preparation for the Disadvantaged.
Task 3. Provide Opportunities for Career Advancement and Retraining.
3.The Mission: Developing the Nation's Workforce.
National Wealth and Workforce Education.
The Workforce Development Mission.
Task 1. Preparing a “World Class” Workforce.
Task 2. Preventing Labor Shortages.
Task 3. Making Employers Competitive.
II.THE KNOWLEDGE BASE OF WORKFORCE EDUCATION.
4.Economic Foundations of Workforce Education.
Supply and Demand Analysis.
Human Capital Development.
International Trade and Labor Markets.
5.Labor Market Basics.
The Concept of Labor Market Advantage.
Firm Size and Labor Markets.
Labor Market Projections.
Labor Market Misconceptions.
6.Sociological Foundations of Workforce Education.
Sociological Perspectives of Work.
The Sociological Classification of Labor Markets.
Sociological Perspectives of Contemporary Work Trends.
Social Class, Workforce Education Students, and Work.
Family Influences of Work and Status Attainment.
Work and Social Stratification.
7.Career Development Theory.
A Career, Self-Worth, and Motivation.
Career Development Theories.
III.DESIGNING WORKFORCE EDUCATION.
8.Workforce Education Curriculum Design.
The Ethics of Curriculum Design.
Managing the Curriculum Design and Implementation Process.
Phase I: Strategic Preplanning.
Phase II: Implementation Planning.
Workforce Education Curriculum Design Models.
The Competency Based Education (CBE) Method.
Instructional System Design Method (ISD).
Phase III: Curriculum Implementation.
Phase IV: Assessment.
Curriculum Design Issues.
9.Instructional Design in Workforce Education.
Philosophies of Learning.
Variables in Instructional Design.
Preparing Effective Instruction.
One Model of Instructional Effectiveness.
The Adult Learner.
Supervision of Instruction to Improve Teaching.
Assessment of Learning.
The Philosophical Basis of Content Determination.
Methods of Content Selection.
Three Curriculum Content Areas in Workforce Education.
Level I: Essential Skills: Work Ethics.
Level II: Essential Skills: Academic Skills.
Level III: Essential Skills: Occupational and Advanced Workplace Literacy Skills.
Safety and Liability.
Safety and Instructor Negligence.
Selection of Instructional Equipment.
11.The Transitional Services: Job Placement.
School Sponsored Workplace Learning.
Business and Industry Cooperative Efforts.
The Total Placement Concept.
The Origins of Vocational Guidance.
The Antecedents to Career Guidance.
Contemporary Needs for Career Guidance.
Contemporary Perspectives on Career Guidance.
IV.THE NATIONAL WORKFORCE EDUCATION SYSTEM: POLICY, TRENDS AND ISSUES.
13.Workforce Education Policy.
Public Policy Defined.
Types of Workforce Education Policy.
The Public Policy Analysis Process.
Affecting Public Policy.
14.Public Sector Providers of Workforce Education: Programs and Issues.
Workforce Education in the Public Sector: Trends and Issues.
Changing Public Policy Directions.
High School Workforce Education: Trends and Issues.
Postsecondary Community College & Technical Education: Trends and Issues.
State and Federal Employment and Training: Trends and Issues.
Private Career Colleges and Institutes.
Assessment Methods for Public Sector Workforce Education.
15.Human Resource Development in Business and Industry.
Career Development Services and Human Resource Development.
Career Development Functions in Work Organizations.
The Types of Career Development Services in Workplaces.
Trainers’ Roles in Career Development.
Training and Human Resource Development.
Human Resource Development: Trends and Issues.