A Working Guide to Process Equipment, 2nd Edition / Edition 2

A Working Guide to Process Equipment, 2nd Edition / Edition 2

by Norman P. Lieberman, Elizabeth T. Lieberman, Elizabeth T. Lieberman, Elizabeth T. Lieberman
     
 

UNDERSTAND HOW PROCESS EQUIPMENT WORKS � AND IDENTIFY PROBLEMS AT A GLANCE

This Second Edition of what has become a classic in the field carefully and clearly explains everything you need to know to fully understand how process equipment works and effectively troubleshoot even the most complex process equipment problem.

Drawing upon their decades of

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Overview

UNDERSTAND HOW PROCESS EQUIPMENT WORKS � AND IDENTIFY PROBLEMS AT A GLANCE

This Second Edition of what has become a classic in the field carefully and clearly explains everything you need to know to fully understand how process equipment works and effectively troubleshoot even the most complex process equipment problem.

Drawing upon their decades of experience, the authors shed light on the inner workings of continuous process equipment for a broad range of technicians and industries, including plant operators and supervisors and service engineers in chemical, refining, pharmaceutical, and fertilizer plants. Here, in one resource, is a wealth of useful diagnostic tips, practical examples, and illuminating illustrations to help you quickly pinpoint trouble and repair typical malfunctions in:
* Trayed and packed distillation towers
* Natural and forced reboilers
* Partial and total condensers
* Steam systems and deaerators
* Vacuum systems
* Fired heaters
* Shell and tube heat exchanges
* Centrifugal compressors
* Gas turbines and reciprocating engines
* Centrifugal pumps and motor drivers

The new Second Edition includes new and expanded coverage of:
* Fluid flow and non-newtonian fluids
* Field troubleshooting problems
* Corrosion and metallurgy
* Computer modeling and control

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780071390873
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date:
10/01/2002
Series:
Professional Engineering Ser.
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
527
Product dimensions:
6.46(w) x 9.16(h) x 1.69(d)

Meet the Author

Norman P. Lieberman is a chemical engineer with more than 39 years of experience in process plant operation, design, and field troubleshooting. Currently, his company, Process Improvement Engineering, specializes in executing revamp designs for refinery crude, coker, visbreaker, and asphalt. Mr. Lieberman has taught more than 400 technical seminars based on the material found in this book.

Elizabeth T. Lieberman is a chemical engineer with more than 25 years of experience in the process industries. She works with Norm Lieberman in executing process revamp designs and instructing troubleshooting seminars.

Table of Contents

Preface to Second Edition
Preface to First Edition
Introduction
Ch. 1How Trays Work: Flooding: Downcomer Backup1
Ch. 2How Trays Work: Dumping: Weeping through Tray Decks15
Ch. 3Why Control Tower Pressure: Options for Optimizing Tower Operating Pressure25
Ch. 4What Drives Distillation Towers: Reboiler Function35
Ch. 5How Reboilers Work: Thermosyphon, Gravity Feed, and Forced45
Ch. 6How Instruments Work: Levels, Pressures, Flows, and Temperatures57
Ch. 7Packed Towers: Better than Trays? Packed-Bed Vapor and Liquid Distribution75
Ch. 8Steam and Condensate Systems: Water Hammer and Condensate Backup, Steam-Side Reboiler Control89
Ch. 9Bubble Point and Dew Point: Equilibrium Concepts in Vapor-Liquid Mixtures109
Ch. 10Steam Strippers: Source of Latent Heat of Vaporization119
Ch. 11Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics: Nozzle Cavitation Due to Lack of Hydrostatic Head129
Ch. 12Pumparounds and Tower Heat Flows: Closing the Tower Enthalpy Balance141
Ch. 13Condensers and Tower Pressure Control: Hot-Vapor Bypass: Flooded Condenser Control153
Ch. 14Air Coolers: Fin-Fan Coolers169
Ch. 15Deaerators and Steam Systems: Generating Steam in Boilers and BFW Preparation181
Ch. 16Vacuum Systems: Steam Jet Ejectors: Steam Jet Ejectors193
Ch. 17Steam Turbines: Use of Horsepower Valves and Correct Speed Control211
Ch. 18Surface Condensers: The Condensing Steam Turbine223
Ch. 19Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers: Heat-Transfer Fouling Resistance237
Ch. 20Fired Heaters: Fire- and Flue-Gas Side: Draft and Afterburn; Optimizing Excess Air257
Ch. 21Fired Heaters: Process Side: Coking Furnace Tubes and Tube Failures281
Ch. 22Refrigeration Systems: An Introduction to Centrifugal Compressors297
Ch. 23Centrifugal Pumps: Fundamentals of Operation: Head, Flow, and Pressure307
Ch. 24Centrifugal Pumps: Driver Limits: Electric Motors and Steam Turbines323
Ch. 25Centrifugal Pumps: Suction Pressure Limits: Cavitation and Net Positive Suction Head331
Ch. 26Separators: Vapor-Hydrocarbon-Water: Liquid Settling Rates349
Ch. 27Gas Compression: The Basic Idea: The Second Law of Thermodynamics Made Easy363
Ch. 28Centrifugal Compressors and Surge: Overamping the Motor Driver369
Ch. 29Reciprocating Compressors: The Carnot Cycle; Use of Indicator Card385
Ch. 30Compressor Efficiency: Effect on Driver Load399
Ch. 31Safety Concerns: Relief Valves, Corrosion, and Safety Trips407
Ch. 32Corrosion: Process Units417
Ch. 33Fluid Flow in Pipes: Basic Ideas to Evaluate Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Flow433
Ch. 34Super-Fractionation Separation Stage463
Ch. 35Computer Modeling and Control473
Ch. 36Field Troubleshooting Process Problems481
Glossary491
The Norm Lieberman Video Library of Troubleshooting Process Operations501
Index503

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