Working Postures and Movements: Tools for Evaluation and Engineering

Overview

Musculoskeletal injuries are the most prevalent work related reason for workers being absent from work in most industries. These injuries are often caused by static postures, sometimes with forceful exertions, or repetitive movements that have to be maintained for many hours a day, such as intensive use of data entry devices, or deskwork, assembly work, parts inspection, equipment maintenance, manual materials handling, machinery operations, and driving vehicles, among other activities. In order to prevent such ...

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Overview

Musculoskeletal injuries are the most prevalent work related reason for workers being absent from work in most industries. These injuries are often caused by static postures, sometimes with forceful exertions, or repetitive movements that have to be maintained for many hours a day, such as intensive use of data entry devices, or deskwork, assembly work, parts inspection, equipment maintenance, manual materials handling, machinery operations, and driving vehicles, among other activities. In order to prevent such injuries, occupational health professionals, ergonomists, production engineers and product designers have to know how to evaluate postures and movements, and understand how these are determined by the work environment, as well as what design tools are available to achieve less stressful working conditions. This book describes easy-to-use and internationally accepted evaluation tools applicable to postures and movements in the work environment. Renowned authors from around the world have put together the latest scientific knowledge describing the anthropometry, biomechanics, physiology, psychophysics, and human perceptual-motor control basis for posture and movement assessment related to all the major body segments. The book addresses seating concepts, hand tool and pedal designs, digital human models for computer-aided design and engineering, and work organization (task duration, breaks, handling frequency) as they affect human performance and musculoskeletal injury reduction. It is aimed at all practicing professionals and students that are familiar with the basic concepts of ergonomics in general, and for those in particular who are interested in gaining a deeper understanding of how to improve working postures and movements.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415279086
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 6/28/2004
  • Pages: 504
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
2 Anthropometry 17
2.1 Traditional anthropometry 18
2.2 Three-dimensional anthropometry 29
3 Motor behavior 51
4 Vision and eyes 73
5 Head and neck 87
6 Trunk 109
7 Pelvis 143
7.1 Sitting behavior 144
7.2 Seating concepts 156
7.3 Pelvis and neighboring segments 168
8 Leg and foot 189
8.1 Pedal operation 190
8.2 Flooring and standing 211
8.3 Slips and falls 224
9 Shoulder girdle and upper arm 247
9.1 Shoulder girdle 248
9.2 Upper arm 262
10 Forearm and hand 283
10.1 Hand-handle coupling 284
10.2 Elbow, forearm, and wrist 297
11 Multiple factor models and work organization 311
11.1 Multiple factor models 312
11.2 Variation and autonomy 330
12 Force exertion 367
13 Performance 403
14 Digital human models for ergonomic design and engineering 425
14.1 The jack human simulation tool 431
14.2 The SAFEWORK human simulation tool 437
14.3 The RAMSIS and ANTHROPOS human simulation tools 445
14.4 SAMMIE : a computer-aided ergonomics design tool 454
14.5 Boeing human modeling system 462
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