Working Without a Net: A Study of Egocentric Epistemology / Edition 1

Working Without a Net: A Study of Egocentric Epistemology / Edition 1

by Richard Foley
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195076990

ISBN-13: 9780195076998

Pub. Date: 12/28/1992

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

In this new book, Foley defends an epistemology that takes seriously the perspectives of individual thinkers. He argues that having rational opinions is a matter of meeting our own internal standards rather than standards that are somehow imposed upon us from the outside. It is a matter of making ourselves invulnerable to intellectual self-criticism. Foley also

Overview

In this new book, Foley defends an epistemology that takes seriously the perspectives of individual thinkers. He argues that having rational opinions is a matter of meeting our own internal standards rather than standards that are somehow imposed upon us from the outside. It is a matter of making ourselves invulnerable to intellectual self-criticism. Foley also shows how the theory of rational belief is part of a general theory of rationality. He thus avoids treating the rationality of belief as a fundamentally different kind of phenomenon from the rationality of decision or action. His approach generates promising suggestions about a wide range of issues—e.g., the distinction between epistemic and non-epistemic reasons for belief; the question of what aspects of the Cartesian project are still worth doing; the significance of simplicity and other theoretical virtues; the relevance of skeptical hypotheses; the difference between a theory of rational belief and a theory of knowledge; the difference between a theory of rational belief and a theory of rational degrees of belief; and the limits of idealization in epistemology.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195076998
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
12/28/1992
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
224
Product dimensions:
6.38(w) x 9.56(h) x 0.91(d)

Table of Contents

1.Rational Belief3
1.Rationality as a Goal-oriented Notion3
2.Reasons and Perspectives8
3.Reasons, Beliefs, and Goals15
4.Evidence, Belief, and Commitment22
5.Evidence and Reasons for Belief27
6.An Evaluation Procedure for Epistemology30
7.Further Illustrations of the Procedure37
2.Skepticism54
1.Rationality and Skeptical Hypotheses54
2.The Lack of Guarantees59
3.Is Skepticism Self-referentially Incoherent?62
4.Can Metaphysics Solve the Problem of Skepticism?67
5.The Epistemological Circle75
6.Rationality and Knowledge85
3.Egocentric Rationality94
1.The Subject Matter of Egocentric Epistemology94
2.Responsible Belief102
3.What Am I to Believe?117
4.Why Be Egocentrically Rational?131
4.The Epistemology of Beliefs and the Epistemology of Degrees of Belief140
1.The Lockean Thesis140
2.Two Paradoxes for the Lockean Thesis141
3.Degrees of Belief146
4.Inconsistency, Incoherency, and Dutch Books155
5.Being Knowingly Inconsistent162
6.Being Knowingly Incoherent174
7.Pessimistic Scenarios184
8.Evidence189
9.Belief as Epistemic Commitment197
Index211

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