World History in Brief: Major Patterns of Change and Continuity, Volume 2 (Since 1450) / Edition 7

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Overview

With its brief, global (rather than West-centered) approach, World History in Brief, Seventh Edition, shows how different civilizations developed in a global context.

Rather than overwhelm students with minutia, the primary goal of World History in Brief is to present the big picture by highlighting the major developments in world history. The text emphasizes the global interactions among major civilizations, enabling students to compare and assess changes in the patterns of interaction and the impact of global forces, such as migration and technological exchange. The compact size of this text allows instructors to take advantage of supplementary readings in their courses.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205735556
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 10/15/2009
  • Series: MyHistoryLab Series
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 448
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Peter N. Stearns is Provost and Professor of History at George Mason University. He has taught previously at Harvard, the University of Chicago, Rutgers, and Carnegie Mellon; he was educated at Harvard University. He has published widely in modern social history, including the history of emotions, and in world history. Representative works in world history include World History: A Survey, The Industrial Revolution in World History, Gender in World History, Consumerism in

World History, and Growing Up: The History of Childhood in Global Context. His publications in social history include Old Age in Preindustrial Society, Anxious Parents: A History of Modern American Childrearing, American Cool: Developing the Twentieth-Century Emotional Style, Fat History: Bodies and Beauty in Western Society, American Fear: The Causes and Consequences of High Anxiety, Revolutions in Sorrow: A History of American Experiences and Policies Toward Death in Global Context, From Alienation to Addiction: Modern American Work in Global Historical Perspective, and Educating Global Citizens in Colleges and Universities: Challenges and Opportunities. While under Dr. Stearns’s leadership, George Mason University was awarded the 2006 Andrew Heiskell Award for Innovation in International Education. He has also edited encyclopedias of world and social history, and since 1967 has served as editor-in-chief of The Journal of Social History.

In most of his research and writing, Dr. Stearns pursues three main goals. As a social historian he is eager to explore aspects of the human experience that are not generally thought of in historical terms, and with attention to ordinary people as well as elites. Second, he seeks to use an understanding of historical change and continuity to explore patterns of behavior and social issues. Finally he is concerned with connecting new historical research with wider audiences, including of course classrooms. Dr. Stearns is also eager to promote comparative analysis and the assessment of modern global forces—for their own sake and as they illuminate the American experience and impact.

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Table of Contents

Part IV A New World Economy, 1450–1750

Chapter 16 The West and the World: Discovery, Colonization, and Trade

Patterns of Exploration and Trade

History Debate: Early Modern Stereotypes

Toward a World Economy

Africa

World Profiles: Olandah Equiano

Colonization in Latin America: The Birth of a New Civilization

Latin American Civilization

World Profiles: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1651–1695)

Western Civilization in North America

North and South America: Reasons for the Differences

The World Economy Revisited

Paths to the Present

Chapter 17 Western Civilization Changes Shape in the Early Modern Centuries

Patterns of Early Modern Western History

World Profiles: Maria Portinari

Political Institutions and Ideas

The Ferment in Western Culture

Transformations in Economic and Social Life

Solving Problems: Dealing with the Asia Advantage

How Early Modern Trends in the West Interrelated

Paths to the Present

Chapter 18 The Rise of Russia

Patterns of Early Modern Russian History

World Profiles: Catherine the Great (1762–1796)

History Debate: A Russian Civilization?

Russian Political Institutions

Russian Culture

Economy and Society in Russia

The World’s First Effort at Westernization

Paths to the Present

Chapter 19 The Ottoman and Mughal Empires

The Expanding Force of the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire in Decline

History Debate: Guns and Their Impact

The Safavid Challenge

The Mughal Empire: Invasion, Consolidation, and Decline

Western Intrusion into the Mughal Empire

The Rise and Decline of Asian Empires

Paths to the Present

Chapter 20 East Asia : Vital Trends in Politics and Trade

China: The Resumption of the Dynasties

Solving Problems: Trying to Manage Food Supplies

Cultural and Social Trends: New Problems

History Debate: Chinese and Western Economies

Japan and the Origins of Isolation

World Profiles: Toyotomi Hideyoshi (r. 1536–1548)

Vitality and Tension in East Asia

Paths to the Present

Part IV Retrospective A New World Economy, 1450–1750

Part V The World’s First Industrial Period, 1750–1914

Chapter 21 The First Industrial Revolution: Western Society, 1780–1914

Patterns of Industrialization

Causes of Industrialization

History Debate: Consumerism and Industrialization

Effects of Industrialization

The Period of Revolution, 1789–1848

The Postrevolutionary Era and Nationalism, 1848–1871

“The Social Question,” 1871–1914

Western Political Institutions in the Industrial Revolution

World Profiles: Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–1797)

Western Culture in the Industrial Century

Industrial Society

History Debate: Women in Industrial Society

Gain and Strain from Industrialization

Paths to the Present

Chapter 22 World Economy and Western Imperialism: Africa and South Asia

The Reasons for Imperialism: Motives and Means

History Debate: Causes of the Abolition of Slavery

Imperialism in India and Southeast Asia

Solving Problems: Railroads

Imperialism in Africa

World Profiles: John Mensah Sarbah (1865–1910)

Comparing Colonies

Paths to the Present

Chapter 23 The Settler Societies: The West on Frontiers

The United States

History Debate: Exceptionalism

Hawaii

The Newer Settler Societies

World Profiles: Hongi Hika

Special Features of Settler Societies

Paths to the Present

Chapter 24 The Development of Latin American Civilization

The Wars of Independence

World Profiles: Simón Bolívar (1783–1830)

The Period of Consolidation

Late-Century Trends: Dictatorship, Immigration, and Western Intervention

World Profiles: Benito Juárez (1806–1872)

Political Institutions and Values

History Debate: Is Latin America Western?

Culture and the Arts

Economy and Society

Tension and Creativity

Paths to the Present

Chapter 25 The Middle East and China in the Imperialist Century

The Attempt to Modernize Egypt

Decline of the Ottoman Empire

The Rise of Nationalism

World Profiles: Lalla Zainab

China Faces Imperialism

History Debate: China ’s 19th-Century Sluggishness

The Need for Further Change

Paths to the Present

Chapter 26 Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West

Russian Conservatism: An Alternative to the West

The Beginnings of Russian Industrialization

The Foundations of Revolution in Russia

The Culture of Eastern Europe

History Debate: The Preconditions for Revolution

The Opening of Trade in Japan

Japanese Industrialization in Response to the West

Solving Problems: Maintaining Identity

Cultural and Economic Effects of Japanese Industrialization

Japan as an International Player

The Strain of Modernization

Paths to the Present

Chapter 27 World War I and the End of an Era

Signs of Change

Causes of World War I

History Debate: Responsibility for World War I

World War I: Europe

World War I: The World

Solving Problems: Mobilizing for Total War

Paths to the Present

Part V Retrospective The World’s First Industrial Period, 1750–1914

Part VI The Contemporary World 1918 - Present

Chapter 28 The West in the Contemporary Period

Patterns of Western History: 1914–1945

Patterns of Western History: 1950 to the Present

Western Political Institutions in the 20th Century

History Debate: Convergence

Contemporary Western Culture

Economy and Society

World Profiles: Simone de Beauvoir

A Postindustrial Age?

Paths to the Present

Chapter 29 Eastern European Civilization

The Russian Revolution

History Debate: Women and the Russian Revolution

Patterns of Soviet History After 1923

Soviet Political Institutions

Soviet Culture

Solving Problems: Updating the Treatment of Children

Economy and Society

The Explosion of the 1980s

Dismantling the Soviet Empire

Renewed Turmoil After 1991

Tradition and Change in Eastern Europe

Russia and the West in Comparative Analysis

Paths to the Present

Chapter 30 East Asia in the 20th and Early 21st Centuries

A Clash of Cultures: Revolution and War

History Debate: Japan and Westernization

Return to Stability in Japan

Upheaval and Ongoing Revolution in China

East Asia Toward the End of the Century

World Profiles: Sun Zhongshan (1867–1925)

Japan, Incorporated

The Pacific Rim

China Under Communism

East Asia and the World

Paths to the Present

Chapter 31 India and Southeast Asia

The Rise of Nationalism

Gandhi’s Nonviolent Strategies

World Profiles: Mohandas Gandhi (1869–1948)

Nationalism in Southeast Asia

Decolonization After the War

Southeast Asia After Independence

India and Pakistan

History Debate: Women’s Conditions in India

India and China

Paths to the Present

Chapter 32 Middle-Eastern Civilization in the 20th Century

Replacing the Ottoman Empire

Assertions of Arab Nationalism

The New Role of the State

Solving Problems: Reviving Religion in Contemporary History

The Rise of Fundamentalism

Middle-Eastern Culture and Society

History Debate: Terrorism

New Tensions in the Early 2000s

A Troubled Region

Paths to the Present

Chapter 33 Latin America in the 20th Century

Latin America in 20th-Century World History

The Mexican Revolution, 1910–1920s

Effects of the Depression, 1930s–1950s

Revolution and Response, 1950s–1990s

Latin American Culture

Solving Problems: Adapting Consumer Values

Economy and Society

History Debate: Latin America and the Third World

Toward a Greater World Role?

Paths to the Present

Chapter 34 Sub-Saharan Africa: From Colonies to New Nations

Emerging Nationalism

The Transformation to Independence

The Challenges of New Nationhood

African Politics

African Culture

History Debate: The Question of Identity

Economy and Society

Defining the New Africa

Paths to the Present

Chapter 35 The Early 21st Century: World History and the Future

After the Cold War

The Spread of Democracy

History Debate: 20th and 21st Centuries: Change or Continuity

A World of Regions: Alliances and Disputes

Ethnic Conflict

Globalization

The New Technology

Business Organization and Investment

Migration

Cultural Globalization

Institutions of Globalization

Protest and Economic Uncertainties

Nationalism and Religious Currents

Global Terrorism

Global Warming and a Planet in Peril

Disease

Projecting from Trends

Paths to the Present

Part VI Retrospective The Contemporary World

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