The World of Andrei Sakharov: A Russian Physicist's Path to Freedom

The World of Andrei Sakharov: A Russian Physicist's Path to Freedom

by Gennady Gorelik
     
 

ISBN-10: 019515620X

ISBN-13: 9780195156201

Pub. Date: 04/14/2005

Publisher: Oxford University Press

How did Andrei Sakharov, a theoretical physicist and the acknowledged father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, become a human rights activist and the first Russian to win the Nobel Peace Prize? In his later years, Sakharov noted in his diary that he was "simply a man with an unusual fate." To understand this deceptively straightforward statement by an

…  See more details below

Overview

How did Andrei Sakharov, a theoretical physicist and the acknowledged father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, become a human rights activist and the first Russian to win the Nobel Peace Prize? In his later years, Sakharov noted in his diary that he was "simply a man with an unusual fate." To understand this deceptively straightforward statement by an extraordinary man, The World of Andrei Sakharov, the first authoritative study of Andrei Sakharov as a scientist as well as a public figure, relies on previously inaccessible documents, recently declassified archives, and personal accounts by Sakharov's friends and colleagues to examine the real context of Sakharov's life.

In the course of doing so, Gennady Gorelik answers a fascinating question, whether the Soviet hydrogen bomb was really fathered by Sakharov, or whether it was based on stolen American secrets. Gorelik concludes that while espionage did initiate the Soviet effort, the Russian hydrogen bomb was invented independently. Gorelik also elucidates the reasons that brought about the seemingly sudden transformation of the top-secret physicist into a public figure in 1968, when Sakharov's famous essay "Progress, Peaceful Coexistence, and Intellectual Freedom" was distributed in samizdat in the USSR and smuggled out to the West. Recently declassified documents show that Sakharov's metamorphosis was caused by professional concerns, particularly regarding the development of an anti-ballistic missile defense. An insider's view of how the upper echelons of the Soviet regime functioned had led Sakharov to the conclusion that the goals of peace, progress, and human rights were inextricably linked. His free thinking and free feeling were manifested in his hope that scientific thought and religious perception would find a profound synthesis in the future.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195156201
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
04/14/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
464
Product dimensions:
9.10(w) x 6.30(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Part I: From Tsarist Russia to the Tsardom of Soviet Physics
1. The Emergence of Soviet Physics and the Birth of FIAN
2. Leonid Mandelshtam: The Teacher and His School
3. The Year 1937
Part II: Intra-Atomic, Nuclear, and Thermonuclear
4. The Moral Underpinnings of the Soviet Atomic Project
5. Andrei Sakharov, Tamm's Graduate Student
6. Sergei Vavilov: The President of the Academy of Science
7. Nuclear Physics under Beria's Command
8. Russian Physics at the height of Cosmopolitanism
9. The Hydrogen Bomb at FIAN
Part III: In The Nuclear Archipelago
10. The Installation
11. The "Heroic" Work at the Installation
12. Theoretical Physicists in Soviet Practice
13. The Physics of Social Responsibility
14. From Military Physics to Peaceful Cosmology
15. World Peace and World Science
16. Reflections on Intellectual Freedom in 1968
Part IV: A humanitarian Physicist
17. Sakharov and Solzhenitsyn: The Physics and Geometry of Russian History
18. On the Other Side
19. Andrei and Lusya
20. Freedom and responsibility

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >