Read (The Devil's Disciples: Hitler's Inner Circle) offers a lucid, gripping history of how the leaders of Western democracies reacted to the Russian revolution. Bolsheviks made clear their intention to unleash a worldwide revolution, and Churchill and others feared similar uprisings on their own soil. On December 30, 1918, bombs exploded at the houses of prominent Philadelphia businessmen and civic leaders. Fearing this was a Bolshevik attack, Philadelphians warned that other cities might come under the radicals' fire next. In Britain, unemployment was on the rise and worker morale was plummeting. Strikes rocked cities from Glasgow to Seattle. When workers and peasants in Spain began organizing, local estate owners blamed Red Russia, as did foreign journalists, like the French correspondent who opined that "[a] wave of Bolshevism is passing over Andalusia." That spring also saw a spike in American panic about radicalism-when an alert postal worker barely managed to avert mailing out more than a dozen bombs in New York, everyone noticed that the bombs would have arrived around May Day. This sweeping, brilliant history, which travels from Turin, Italy, to Winnipeg, Canada, makes one crucial year in the history of global politics and labor come alive and has obvious resonance with the present moment. 16 pages of illus. (Mar.)Copyright 2007 Reed Business Information
“We are running a race with Bolshevism and the world is on fire.”—President Woodrow Wilson, 1919
- Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
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Meet the Author
Anthony Read is the author of many books, most recently The Devil’s Disciples: Hitler’s Inner Circle. He lives in England.
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A 'peace' conference was going on in Paris whilst fighting raged in central and eastern Europe - the Poles against the Russians - the Russian against themselves - the Romanians against the Hungarians - the Hungarians against the Slovakians - the ..... and on the list goes. Against this backdrop of instability were revolutions in Berlin, Munich and Budapest, wide spread labor strife in the USA, Britain, Canada, Argentina....which fueled a red scare in many places, including the USA where a young beaurocrat named G. Edgar Hoover got his babtism in cross indexing surveillance reports, sending agent provacateurs into assemblies of law abiding citizens and in so many other ways learning how to trash liberty. But Lenin really did think that the Bolsevik revolution was going to spread worldwide so his rhetoric only fueled the hysteria in the west. A President who was distracted from all this, then enfebelled - US and British forces in Archangel - British naval intervention in the Baltic Sea 'one of the few bright spots of the year' - starvation in Vienna.......... All in all, quite a year.