World Politics: Trend and Transformation, 2007-2008 Update / Edition 11

World Politics: Trend and Transformation, 2007-2008 Update / Edition 11

by Charles W. Kegley

ISBN-10: 049541073X

ISBN-13: 9780495410737

Pub. Date: 12/08/2006

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Discover why this book is the best-selling text in international relations! Learn about the major actors on the world stage, and explore the key issues and trends currently propelling changes in world politics, and in such areas as global welfare, international economics, human rights, and the environment. Examine how global conflicts, the changing face of terrorism,


Discover why this book is the best-selling text in international relations! Learn about the major actors on the world stage, and explore the key issues and trends currently propelling changes in world politics, and in such areas as global welfare, international economics, human rights, and the environment. Examine how global conflicts, the changing face of terrorism, national security, and approaches to peace shape the behavior of states and non-state actors on the global stage and shape your future. Arm yourself with the concepts, theories and terminology to analyze how the world works and to predict its future.

Product Details

Cengage Learning
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
7.98(w) x 10.01(h) x 0.88(d)

Table of Contents

Controversy Boxes and Maps     xvii
Preface     xix
About the Author     xxx
Trend and Transformation in World Politics     1
Exploring Twenty-First-Century World Politics     2
The Investigative Challenge     5
How Perceptions Influence Images of Reality     8
The Nature and Sources of Images     9
How Images Affect Visions of World Political Realities     12
Breaking the Global Puzzle into Parts: Interpreting at Different Levels of Analysis     14
The Book's Approach: Actors, Issues, and Their Interactions     15
Facing the Future: Some Key Questions to Consider     17
Key Terms     18
Suggested Reading     19
Where on the World Wide Web?     19
InfoTrac College Edition     21
Theories of World Politics     22
Understanding World Politics     24
The Elusive Quest for Theory     24
The Evolution of Theoretical Inquiry     24
Liberalism     25
The Liberal Worldview     25
The Liberal Reform Program     27
Realism     29
The Realist Worldview     29
Realism in the Nuclear Age     31
The Limitations of Realism     31
The Neorealist or "Structural" Extension of Realism     34
The Neoclassical Extension of Realism     35
Neoliberalism     36
Transnational Interdependence as a Neoliberal Counter Worldview to Realism     38
International Regimes     39
Alternative Theories     42
Theorizing about Theory: The Constructivist Conception     42
Constructivism     43
International Theory and the Future     48
Key Terms     49
Suggested Reading     49
Where on the World Wide Web?     50
InfoTrac College Edition     51
The Globe's Actors and Their Relations     53
Foreign Policy Decision Making     54
The Emergence of the Modern State System     56
The Global and Domestic Determinants of States' Foreign Policy Behavior     56
Geopolitics     58
Military Capabilities     60
Economic Conditions     61
Type of Government     62
The Unitary Actor and Rational Decision Making     67
States as Unitary Actors?     67
Policy Making as Rational Choice     67
Impediments to Rational Choice      69
The Bureaucratic Politics of Foreign Policy Decision Making     75
Bureaucratic Efficiency and Rationality     76
The Limits of Bureaucratic Organization     76
Attributes and Consequences of Bureaucratic Behavior     79
The Role of Leaders in Foreign Policy Decision Making     83
Leaders as Makers and Movers of World History     84
Factors Affecting the Capacity to Lead     85
Refinements to the History-Making Individuals Model     87
Constraints on Foreign Policy Making: Problems and Prospects     89
Key Terms     89
Suggested Reading     90
Where on the World Wide Web?     90
InfoTrac College Edition     91
Great-Power Rivalries and Relations     92
The Quest for Great-Power Hegemony     94
The First World War     96
The Causes of World War I     96
The Consequences of World War I     99
The Second World War     102
The Causes of World War II     102
The Consequences of World War II     107
The Cold War     108
The Causes and Evolutionary Course of the Cold War     109
The Consequences of the Cold War     117
The Future of Great-Power Politics: A Cold Peace?     117
America's Unipolar Moment in History     118
From Unipolarity to Multipolarity?     120
Responding to Multipolarity's Challenge     124
Key Terms     126
Suggested Reading     127
Where on the World Wide Web?     127
InfoTrac College Edition     128
The Global South in a World of Powers     129
The Colonial Origins of the Global Souths Plight     132
The First Wave of European Imperialism     135
The Second Wave of European Imperialism     138
Colonialism, Self-Determination, and Decolonization in the Twentieth Century     140
North and South Today: Worlds Apart     142
Theoretical Explanations of Underdevelopment     144
Classical Economic Development Theory     145
Two Structural Theories: Dependency Theory and World Systems     145
Closing the Gap? The Global South's Prospects     147
The Global South's Foreign Policy Response to a World Ruled by the Great Powers     150
In Search of Power     150
Trade, Aid, Investment, Debt Relief-or Nothing?     156
The Future Role of the Global South     163
Key Terms      164
Suggested Reading     165
Where on the World Wide Web?     165
InfoTrac College Edition     167
Nonstate Actors in a System of States     168
Nonstate Actors, Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs), and Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs): An Introduction     170
Global Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs)     173
The United Nations     173
The Organization of the United Nations: System and Structure     176
Other Prominent Global IGOs: The World Trade Organization, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund     181
The European Union as a Model Regional IGO     186
Other Regional IGOs     191
Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs)     193
Nonstate Nations: The Indigenous Ethnic Groups of the Fourth World     195
Religious Movements     197
Multinational Corporations and Transnational Banks     205
Are NGOs Capable of Transforming World Politics?     209
Nonstate Actors: Saviors or Stranglers of the State?     212
Key Terms     214
Suggested Reading     215
Where on the World Wide Web?     215
InfoTrac College Edition     217
Humanitarian Challenges and the Protection of Human Rights      218
Putting People into the Picture     220
How Does Humanity Fare? Assessing the Human Condition     222
Measuring Human Development and Human Security     226
Political and Economic Preconditions for Human Development     227
Human Development in the Age of Globalization     230
The Global Refugee Crisis     232
Indigenous Peoples: Precarious Life in the Fourth World     236
Fourth World Reactions to Human Rights Violations     237
The Threat of State Disintegration to Human Security     238
Gender Politics: The Subordinate Status of Women and Its Consequences     239
Human Rights and the Protection of People     243
International Ethics: Reconciling National Interests and Human Interests     246
Key Terms     253
Suggested Reading     254
Where on the World Wide Web?     254
InfoTrac College Edition     256
The Politics of Global Welfare     257
Globalization and the Prospects for Global Governance     258
The Global Information Age     262
Global Communications     262
The Media: Markets or Monopoly?     267
Global Health or Global Infection?     273
Global Migration      277
The Globalization of Finance     279
The Globalization of Trade     282
Globalization and the State: What Future?     293
Key Terms     297
Suggested Reading     297
Where on the World Wide Web?     298
InfoTrac College Edition     299
Money and Markets in the Global Political Economy     300
The Global Context for Interpreting Contemporary World Economic Change     302
The Shadow of Past Commercial Policy Philosophy     303
The Clash between Liberal and Mercantile Values     304
Hegemony: A Precondition for Economic Order?     309
Monetary Matters: Can Financial Regimes Promote Growth?     312
The Nuts and Bolts of Monetary Policy     312
The Bretton Woods Monetary System     314
The End of Bretton Woods     315
Floating Exchange Rates     319
Reforming the International Financial Architecture?     320
Free-Trade Trends and Troubles     323
Threats to Free Trade     334
Triumph or Trouble for the Global Economy's Future?     338
Key Terms     341
Suggested Reading     342
Where on the World Wide Web?      343
InfoTrac College Edition     344
Population and Resource Pressures on the Global Environment     345
Population Change as a Global Political Challenge     347
Understanding Growth Rates: The Persian Chessboard     347
The Demographic Divide between Global North and Global South     350
Population Momentum     350
From Population Explosion to Population Implosion-A Demographic Transition?     352
New Plagues? The Global Impact of Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and Avian Flu     356
The International Response to Population Issues     360
Food Fights: The Clash of Optimists and Pessimists     361
A Prescription for Optimism or Pessimism?     364
Environmental Security and Sustainable Development     364
The Ecopolitics of Energy     367
The Global Politics of Oil Supply and Consumption     368
Running on Empty: Is Energy Security an Elusive Goal?     368
The Ecopolitics of the Atmosphere     374
Climate Change     374
Climate-Change Culprits     376
Ozone Protection     380
The Ecopolitics of Forests and Biodiversity     381
Shrinking Forests and Dust Bowls     381
Biodiversity     385
Toward Preservation: The International Response     387
Trade, the Environment, and Sustainable Development     387
Toward Sustainability?     391
Key Terms     393
Suggested Reading     393
Where on the World Wide Web?     394
InfoTrac College Edition     395
Managing Global Conflict     397
The Transformation of Armed Conflict     398
Continuities and Change in Armed Conflict     400
Rival Theories of the Causes of Aggression     403
The First Level of Analysis: Individuals' Human Nature     403
The Second Level of Analysis: States' Internal Characteristics     406
The Third Level of Analysis: Cycles of War and Peace in the Global System     415
Armed Conflict within States     420
The Characteristics of Civil War     420
The Causes of Civil War     422
The International Dimensions of Internal War     428
Terrorism     429
Key Terms     441
Suggested Reading     441
Where on the World Wide Web?     442
InfoTrac College Edition     443
Military Power, Coercive Diplomacy, and National Security     444
Power in International Politics      445
The Elements of State Power     446
Distinguishing Power from Capabilities     449
The Changing Character of Power     450
Trends in Military Spending     454
Changes in Military Capabilities     456
Trends in the Weapons Trade     456
Trends in Weapons Technology     463
Military Strategy in the Nuclear Age     471
Compellence     471
Deterrence     473
Preemption     474
The Uses and Limits of Coercive Diplomacy     477
Military Intervention     477
Economic Sanctions     479
The Great Powers' National Security Strategies     485
The U.S. Superpower Embraces a Revolutionary New Security Strategy     485
Russia Adjusts to Its New Geostrategic Circumstances     489
China's Global Clout and Security Posture     490
Japan's Search for a Strategy     493
Germany and the European Union Search for a Strategic Vision     494
The Search for Security in an Insecure World     496
Key Terms     498
Suggested Reading     499
Where on the World Wide Web?     500
InfoTrac College Edition     501
The Realist Road to Security Through Alliances, Arms Control, and the Balance of Power     502
The Impact of Alliances on National and Global Security     504
Realpolitik Assumptions of Balance-of-Power Theory     506
Managing the Balance through a Concert of Great Powers     511
Stabilizing Power Balances through Arms Control     511
Arms Control versus Disarmament     512
Bilateral Arms Control and Disarmament     512
Multilateral Arms Control and Disarmament     515
The Problematic Future of Arms Control and Disarmament     516
Balancing Power in the Contemporary Global System     519
Models of the Balance of Power, Past and Present     520
World Domination by the U.S. Superpower, or a Multipolar Future of Balance-of-Power Competition?     522
Key Terms     532
Suggested Reading     533
Where on the World Wide Web?     533
InfoTrac College Edition     534
The Liberal Institutional Paths to Peace     535
International Law and World Order     536
Law at the International Level: Core Principles     538
The Limitations of the International Legal System     540
The Relevance of International Law     542
The Legal Control of Warfare     544
International Organizations and World Order     554
The United Nations and the Preservation of Peace     554
Regional Security Organizations and Conflict Management     562
Political Integration: The Functional and Neofunctional Paths to Peace     564
World Federalism: A Single Global Government     564
Functionalism     566
Neofunctionalism     568
Political Disintegration     571
A Democratic Peace: Can Votes Stop Violence?     572
Liberal Institutions and World Order: From Security to Stability?     574
Key Terms     575
Suggested Reading     576
Where on the World Wide Web?     577
InfoTrac College Edition     578
The Problematic Twenty-First Century     579
Twelve Questions About Twenty-First-Century Global Prospects     580
Toward the Future: Key Questions for the Twenty-First Century     582
Will States Remain the Primary Actor in World Politics?     583
Should Global Interests Be Placed Ahead of National Interests?     584
As the Disappearance of War between States Transforms the Meaning of National Security, What Is the Purpose of Military Power?     585
Can the New Global Terrorism Be Contained?     588
Will Separatist Conflict within States Lead to Hundreds of New States?     590
Will the Great Powers Intervene to Protect Human Rights?     591
Will the United States, China, or the European Union Reign as the Globe's Supreme Superpower in the Twenty-First Century?     593
Is Globalization a Cure, or a Curse?     595
Is Realism Still Realistic and Is Liberalism Still Too Idealistic?     597
Is the World Preparing for the Wrong War?     601
Is This the "End of History" or the End of Happy Endings?     601
Is There a Reordered Global Agenda?     602
A New World Order or New World Disorder?     603
Key Terms     606
Suggested Reading     607
Where on the World Wide Web?     607
InfoTrac College Edition     608
References     R-1
Credits     C-1
Author Index     A-1
Subject Index     I-1

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