The World Reacts to the Holocaust

Overview

The vast body of knowledge assembled about the Holocaust has reconstructed nearly every aspect of that tragedy. Monographs, document collections, memoirs, oral histories, novels, and films have all contributed to an understanding of the events that shocked the world into stunned silence in 1945. But what happened in the aftermath—as stunned silence gave way to a full realization of the horror—has not been as thoroughly studied. Indeed, there exists no systematic examination of how countries around the world have ...

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Overview

The vast body of knowledge assembled about the Holocaust has reconstructed nearly every aspect of that tragedy. Monographs, document collections, memoirs, oral histories, novels, and films have all contributed to an understanding of the events that shocked the world into stunned silence in 1945. But what happened in the aftermath—as stunned silence gave way to a full realization of the horror—has not been as thoroughly studied. Indeed, there exists no systematic examination of how countries around the world have responded to the Holocaust after 1945.

Sponsored by the Holocaust Memorial Center and under the editorship of David S. Wyman, The World Reacts to the Holocaust is a major new reference work that chronicles, country-by-country, the impact of the Holocaust on world history. Covering twenty-two countries and the United Nations, the volume carefully traces the contentions and controversies involved in the efforts to come to terms with the Holocaust, from the attitudes and perceptions of 1945 to the political, economic, and cultural legacies of the 1990s.

Following a standard format, the essays, all written by prominent scholars, begin with a brief history of the Jews in each country prior to the Holocaust. They next address the characteristics of the Jewish settlements, the presence of anti-Semitism and any related violence, the role of Jews in the society, and the nature of the relationship between Jews and non-Jews. A brief narrative of the Holocaust in each country follows. Among the issues examined are the extent of the human destruction, the degree of collaboration, Jewish reactions, and efforts to save the Jews. The essays then proceed to the post-World War II era and recount the treatment of Holocaust survivors upon their return; the postwar trials of war criminals; the changes in the culture and economy of the postwar Jewish community and its position in the society; the political, literary, and historical responses to the Holocaust; and the evolving attitudes toward Jews and Jewish culture.

Contributors: Irving Abella
• Franklin Bialystok
• Randolph L. Braham
• David Cesarani
• Frederick B. Chary
• Debórah Dwork
• Andrew Ezergailis
• Seymour Maxwell Finger
• Zvi Gitelman
• Radu Ioanid
• Dermot Keogh
• Tetsu Kohno
• David Kranzler
• Dov Levin
• Robert M. Levine
• Andrei S. Markovits
• Meir Michaelis
• Beth Simone Noveck
• Dalia Ofer
• Bruce F. Pauley
• Jeffrey M. Peck
• Charles H. Rosenzveig
• Livia Rothkirchen
• Milton Shain
• Michael C. Steinlauf
• Robert-Jan van Pelt
• David Weinberg
• David S. Wyman

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Editorial Reviews

Conservative Judaism
Even those jaded by the seemingly-endless flow of holocaust studies will find reward in this innovative study. It is beautifully researched, well written, and beautifully (even elegantly) published. We owe a debt of gratitude to its editor and contributors for raising a question no one had previously asked, thereby holding a mirror to our too-frequent propensity toward silence and getting along.

— Bradley Shavitt Artson

Jewish Studies
A solid, sensible, and exceedingly instructive volume. The scholarly standard is high, the contributions informative, the articlesm despite the essentially encyclopediac nature of the enterprise, clearly written.

— David Vital

Jewish Chronicle

A fascinating attempt to trace the cultural and political afterlife of the Holocaust in various national contexts... There is much outstanding scholarship from an impressive array of international scholars.

Canadian Jewish Studies
This work is a tremendous source for those interested in comparative analysis.

— Karen Bjornson

Conservative Judaism - Bradley Shavitt Artson

Even those jaded by the seemingly-endless flow of holocaust studies will find reward in this innovative study. It is beautifully researched, well written, and beautifully (even elegantly) published. We owe a debt of gratitude to its editor and contributors for raising a question no one had previously asked, thereby holding a mirror to our too-frequent propensity toward silence and getting along.

Jewish Studies - David Vital

A solid, sensible, and exceedingly instructive volume. The scholarly standard is high, the contributions informative, the articlesm despite the essentially encyclopediac nature of the enterprise, clearly written.

Canadian Jewish Studies - Karen Bjornson

This work is a tremendous source for those interested in comparative analysis.

Booknews
Chronicles the impact of the Holocaust on world history, tracing attitudes and controversies in 22 countries and the United Nations from 1945 to the 1990s. Essays follow a standard format, beginning with a brief history of the Jews in each country prior to the Holocaust and discussion of the presence of antisemitism and the role of Jews in the society. A brief narrative of the Holocaust in each country follows, focusing on human destruction, the degree of collaboration, and Jewish reactions. Material on the post-war era in each country recounts treatment of survivors, trials, changes in the postwar Jewish community, and political, literary, and historical responses to the Holocaust. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780801849695
  • Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Publication date: 9/28/1996
  • Pages: 944
  • Product dimensions: 7.60 (w) x 11.26 (h) x 2.16 (d)

Meet the Author

David S. Wyman is Josiah DuBois Professor of History and of Judaic Studies, Emeritus, at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. His previous publications include The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust, 1941-1945 and Paper Walls: America and the Refugee Crisis, 1938-1941. He is also the editor of the thirteen-volume America and the Holocaust. Charles H. Rosenzveig is the founder and executive vice president of the Holocaust Memorial Center in West Bloomfield, Michigan, the first free-standing Holocaust center in the United States.

Johns Hopkins University Press

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Table of Contents

Contributors
Foreword
Introduction
France 3
The Netherlands 45
Poland 81
Czechoslovakia 156
Hungary 200
Romania 225
Bulgaria 256
The Soviet Union 295
Lithuania 325
Latvia 354
West Germany 391
East Germany 447
Austria 473
Italy 514
Japan Before and During the Holocaust 554
Japan After the Holocaust 573
Great Britain 599
Ireland 642
South Africa 670
The United States 693
Canada 749
Cuba 782
The United Nations 811
Israel 836
Index 925
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