Worlds of History Volume Two: A Comparative Reader: Since 1400 / Edition 3
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Worlds of History Volume Two: A Comparative Reader: Since 1400 / Edition 3

by Kevin Reilly

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ISBN-10: 0312446861

ISBN-13: 9780312446864

Pub. Date: 01/05/2007

Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

Assembled by award-winning community college teacher and distinguished world historian Kevin Reilly, the documents in the best-selling Worlds of History bring history alive for students. Students read voices from the distant and more recent past that address topics and issues -- like patriarchy, love and marriage, and imperialism -- of enduring interest and


Assembled by award-winning community college teacher and distinguished world historian Kevin Reilly, the documents in the best-selling Worlds of History bring history alive for students. Students read voices from the distant and more recent past that address topics and issues -- like patriarchy, love and marriage, and imperialism -- of enduring interest and relevance. Ranging widely across regions and cultures, each chapter takes up a major theme and asks students to examine it in the context of two or more cultures, encouraging them to make cross-cultural connections and comparisons. The flexible comparative and thematic framework easily accommodates the variety of approaches instructors bring to teaching world history while supporting the general goal of cultivating critical thinking skills.

Product Details

Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date:
Edition description:
Third Edition
Product dimensions:
6.38(w) x 9.26(h) x 0.77(d)

Table of Contents

Volume II: Since 1400



Chapter 1: Overseas Expansion in the Early Modern Period: China and Europe, 1400-1600

Both China and Europe set sail for global expansion in the fifteenth century, but China's explorations ended just as Europe's began. What were the factors that led to their similar efforts yet different outcomes? We examine primary and secondary sources in search of clues.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Reading Primary and Secondary Sources

*1. Joseph Kahn, China has an Ancient Mariner to tell you about

*2. Zheng He, Inscription to the Goddess

*3. Gavin Menzies, from 1421

4. Christopher Columbus, Letter to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella

5. Kirkpatrick Sale, from The Conquest of Paradise


Chapter 2: Atlantic World Encounters: Europeans, Americans, and Africans, 1500-1750

European encounters with Africans and Americans were similar in some ways, yet markedly different in others. The cultural clash created a new Atlantic world that integrated and divided these indigenous peoples. We compare primary source, including visual evidence, to understand these first contact and conflicts.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Comparing Primary Sources

6. Bernal Diaz, from The Conquest of New Spain

7. From The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico

*8. Bartolomeo de Las Casas, from The Devastation of the Indies

*9. Two European Views of Native Americans: De Bry's engraving of Cannibals and Albert Eckhout's Tapuya Native

10. David Pieterzen DeVries, A Dutch Massacre of the Algonquins

11. Nzinga Mbemba, Appeal to the King of Portugal

12. Willem Bosman, Slave Trader

13. Olaudah Equiano, Enslaved Captive


Chapter 3: State and Religion: Asian, Islamic, and Christian States, 1500-1800

In this chapter, we view the relationship between religion and political authority through the prism of Chinese, Japanese, Southeast Asian and European experience in the early modern period. By examining the competing and sometimes cooperating dynamics between church and state in the past, we explore the history of an issue much debated in our own time, and gain new insights on church-state relations today.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Relating Past and Present

14. Jonathan Spence, The Ming Chinese State and Religion

15. Matteo Ricci, Jesuit Missionaries in Ming China

16. Japanese Edicts Regulating Religion

*17. Bada'uni, Akbar and Religion

*18. Donald Quataert, Ottoman Inter-communal Relations

*19. Martin Luther, Law, and the Gospel: Princes and Turks

*20. Roger Williams, The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution for Cause of Conscience


Chapter 4: Gender and Family: China, Southeast Asia, Europe, and "New Spain," 1600-1750

With the blinds drawn on the domestic lives of our ancestors, one might assume their private worlds were uneventful and everywhere the same. By comparing different cultures we see historical variety in family and economic life and the roles of both men and women.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Making Comparisons

21. Family Instructions for the Miu Lineage

22. Mao Xiang, How Dong Xiaowan Became My Concubine

*23. Kenneth Pomeranz, How the Other Half Traded

24. John E. Wills, Jr., Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz

*25. Anna Bijns, Unyoked is Best! Happy the Woman without a Man

26. Mary Jo Maynes and Ann Waltner, Women and Marriage in Europe and China


Chapter 5: The Scientific Revolution: Europe, Ottoman Empire, China, Japan, and the Americas 1600-1800

The scientific revolution of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries occurred in Europe, but had important roots in Asia and its consequences reverberated throughout the world. In this chapter we seek to understand what changed and how. How "revolutionary" was the scientific revolution and how do we distinguish between mere change and "revolutionary" change?

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Distinguishing Change from Revolution

27. Franklin Le Van Baumer, The Scientific Revolution in the West

28. Galileo Galilei, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina

*29. Natalie Zemon Davis, Metamorphoses: Maria Sibylla Merian

*30. Lady Mary Wortley Montague, Letter on Turkish Smallpox Inoculation

31. Lynda Norene Shaffer, China, Technology, and Change

32. Sugita Gempaku, A Dutch Anatomy Lesson in Japan

*33. Benjamin Franklin, Letters on a Balloon Experiments in 1783


Chapter 6: Enlightenment and Revolution: Europe and the Americas, 1650-1850

The eighteenth-century Enlightenment applied scientific reason to politics, but reason meant different things to different people and societies. What were the goals of the political revolutions produced by the Enlightenment? A close reading of the period texts reveals disagreement and shared dreams.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Close Reading and Interpretation of Texts

34. David Hume, On Miracles

*35. Denis Diderot, Supplement to the Voyage of Bougainville, 1772

36. The American Declaration of Independence, 1776

37. The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 1789

*38. Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, 1792

39. Toussaint L'Ouverture, Letter to the Directory, November 5, 1797

40. Simon Bolivar, A Constitution for Venezuela


Chapter 7: Capitalism and the Industrial Revolution: Europe and the World, 1750-1900

Modern society has been shaped dramatically by capitalism and the industrial revolution, but these two forces are not the same. Which one is principally responsible for the creation of our modern world: the economic system of the market or the technology of the industrial revolution? Distinguishing different "causes" allows us to gauge their relative effects and legacies.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Distinguishing Causes of Change

41. Arnold Pacey, Asia and the Industrial Revolution

42. Adam Smith from The Wealth of Nations

43. From The Sadler Report of the House of Commons,1833

44. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, from The Communist Manifesto

*45. Peter N. Stearns, The Industrial Revolution Outside the West

*46. John H. Coatsworth, Economic Trajectories in Latin America

47. Iwasaki Yataro, Mitsubish Letter to Employees, 1876


Chapter 8: Colonized and Colonizers: Europeans in Africa and Asia, 1850-1930

Colonialism resulted in a world divided between the colonized and the colonizers, a world in which people's identities were defined by their power relationships with others who looked and often spoke differently. the meeting of strangers and their forced adjustment to predefined roles inspired a number of great literary works that we look to in this chapter for historical guidance.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Using Literature in History

48. Jurgen Osterhammel, from Colonialism

49. George Orwell, from Burmese Days

*50. David Cannadine, from Ornamentalism

*51. Joseph Conrad, from Heart of Darkness

*52. Chinua Achebe, "An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad's Heart of Darkness

53. Rudyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden"


Chapter 9: Nationalism and Westernization: Japan, India, and the Americas, 1880-1930

Western colonialism elicited two often conflicting responses among the colonized - the assertion of national independence and the desire to imitate Western power or culture. Exploring these sometimes contradictory movements through the visual and written sources in this chapter reveals much about the historical process and helps us appreciate the struggles of peoples torn between different ideals.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Appreciating Contradictions

*54. Theodore Von Laue, From The World Revolution of Westernization

55. Fukuzawa Yukichi, Good-bye Asia

56. Images from Japan: Views of Westernization

57. Mohandas K. Gandhi, From Hind Swaraj

58. Jawaharlal Nehru, Gandhi

*59. Luther Standing Bear from Land of the Spotted Eagle

*60. Jose Marti, Letters from New York


Chapter 10: World War I and Its Consequences: Europe and the Soviet Union, 1914-1920

The First World War brutally ended an era - the world would never be the same after such death and destruction. We read historical accounts and analyze images from the era so that we can begin to understand the war's far-reaching chain of causes and consequences.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Understanding Causes and Consequences

61. Sally Marks, The Coming of the First World War

62. Erich Maria Remarque, From All Quiet on the Western Front

63. World War I propaganda posters

*64. Siegfried Sassoon, "Base Details"

65. Wilfred Owen, "Dulce et Decorum Est"

66. Rosa Luxemburg, From The Junius Pamphlet

67. V.I. Lenin, From War and Revolution

68. Woodrow Wilson, Fourteen Points


Chapter 11: World War II and Genocide: Germany, Poland, Japan, China, Rwanda, and Guatemala, 1931-1994

The rise of fascism in Europe and Asia led to world war and genocide. Although we hope another world war will not occur, the legacy of World War II's genocide and the mass killings that preceded it lives on in contemporary genocides around the globe. How could (how can) people allow their governments, armies, families, and friends to commit such unspeakable acts? How does the unforgivable happen?

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Understanding and Explaining the Unforgivable

69. Joachim C. Fest, The Rise of Hitler

70. Heinrich Himmler, Speech to the SS

71. Jean-Francois Steiner, From Treblinka

72. Iris Chang, From The Rape of Nanking

*73. Mahmood Mamdani, "Thinking About Genocide"

*74. Glenn Garvin and Edward Hegstrom, "Report: Maya Indians suffered genocide"


Chapter 12: Religion and Politics: Israel, Palestine, and the West, 1896 to the Present

The conflict between Israel and Palestine allows us to study the role of religion and politics in a particular place at a particular time, but the conflict is one whose impact can be felt not just across the Middle East but throughout the world. Learning to make use of new and unexpected information and ideas found in historical documents can give a fresh take on seemingly intractable conflicts.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Making use of the Unexpected

75. Theodor Herzl, From The Jewish State

*76. David Fromkin, On The Balfour Declaration

77. The Zionist and Arab cases to the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry (1946)

78. Abba Eban, The Refugee Problem

*79. Ari Shavit, An Interview with Benny Morris

*80. John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt, The Israel Lobby


Chapter 13: Women's World, 1950 to the Present

The lives of women in the modern world are as diverse as those of men. Can you find any patterns in these personal accounts and stories? Can you develop any theories about women's lives in the modern world?

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Constructing Theory

81. The Marriage Law of the People's Republic of China

82. Betty Friedan, From The Feminine Mystique

83. Assia Djebar, Growing up in Algeria

84. Carolina Maria de Jesus, From Child of the Dark: The Diary of Carolina Maria de Jesus

85. Aung San Suu Kyi, From Letters from Burma

*86. UNFPA, "Gender Inequality in National Parliaments"

*87. Diane Dixon, "Michelle, top woman in a macho world"


Chapter 14: Globalization and Planetary Health, 1960 to the Present

Globalization is a word with many meanings and a process with many causes. What are the forces most responsible for the shrinking of the world into one global community? Do the forces of globalization unite or divide us. What are the environmental effects of these forces? We undertake the study of process to answer these questions.

Historical Context

Thinking Historically: Understanding Process

88. Sherif Hetata, Dollarization

89. Philippe Legrain, Cultural Globalization is not Americanization

90. Benjamin Barber, From Jihad vs. McWorld

91. Miriam Ching Yoon Louie, From Sweatshop Warriors: Immigrant Women Workers Take on the Global Factory

*92. Global Snapshots

Fig. 14.1 Cartogram of Global Warming

Fig. 14.2 Satellite Photo of the Earth at Night

Map 14.1 Population Density of the World, 2004

Map 14.2 GDP Per Capita Growth throughout the World (1990-2001)

93. John Roach, By 2050 Warming to Doom Million Species, Study Says

94. Andrew C. Revkin, "Climate Data Hint at Irreversible Rise in Seas."

*95. Larry Rohter, "With Big Boost From Sugar Cane, Brazil Is Satisfying Its Fuel Needs"


List of Maps

Map 1.1 Chinese Naval Expeditions, 1405-1433

Map 1.2 European Overseas Exploration, 1430s-1530s

Map 1.3 Columbus's First Voyage, 1492-1493

Map 6.1 St. Domingue on the Eve of Revolt, 1791

Map 6.2 Latin American Independence, 1804-1830

Map 8.1 European Colonialism in Africa and Asia, 1880-1914

Map 10.1 Allied Powers and Central Powers in World War I

Map 11.1 Major Nazi Concentration Camps in World War II

Map 11.2 Rwanda

Map 11.3 U.S. Involvement in Central America

Map 12.1 The 1949 UN Partition Plan as a Reflection of Patterns of Land Ownership in Palestine by Subdistrict

Map 12.2 War and Israeli Expansion beyond the Partition Lines to 1949

Map 12.3 Israel and Palestine, 2006

Map 14.1 Population Density of the World, 2004

Map 14.2 GDP Per Capita Growth throughout the World (1990-2001)

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