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Worlds of Women is a groundbreaking exploration of the "first wave" of the international women's movement, from its late nineteenth-century origins through the Second World War. Making extensive use of archives in the United States, England, the Netherlands, Germany, and France, Leila Rupp examines the histories and accomplishments of three major transnational women's organizations to tell the story of women's struggle to construct a feminist international collective identity. She addresses questions central to the study of women's history—how can women across the world forge bonds, sometimes even through conflict, despite their differences?—and questions central to world history—is internationalism viable and how can its history be written?
Rupp focuses on three major organizations that were technically open to all women: the broadly based and cautious International Council of Women, founded in 1888; the feminist International Alliance of Women, originally called the International Woman Suffrage Alliance, founded in 1904; and the vanguard Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, which grew out of the International Congress of Women that met at The Hague in 1915. The histories of these organizations, and their stories of cooperation and competition, shed new light on the international women's movement. They also help us to understand the different but connected story of the second wave of international feminism that emerged from the ashes of World War II.
|List of Illustrations|
|Ch. 1||The International First Wave||3|
|Ch. 2||Building an International Women's Movement||13|
|Ch. 3||Who's In, Who's Out||51|
|Ch. 4||The International Bonds of Womanhood||82|
|Ch. 5||Forging an International "We"||107|
|Ch. 6||How Wide the Circle of the Feminist "We"||130|
|Sect. III||Personalized Politics||157|
|Ch. 7||International Ground||159|
|Ch. 8||Getting to Know You||180|
|Ch. 9||International Matters||207|