Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science / Edition 2

Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science / Edition 2

by Richard DeWitt
     
 

The first edition of Worldviews was widely hailed as one of the most accessible introductions to the history and philosophy of science — with author Richard DeWitt garnering particular critical acclaim for his ability to present complex concepts in a thoroughly engaging manner. This updated Second Edition continues its focus on fundamental

See more details below

Overview

The first edition of Worldviews was widely hailed as one of the most accessible introductions to the history and philosophy of science — with author Richard DeWitt garnering particular critical acclaim for his ability to present complex concepts in a thoroughly engaging manner. This updated Second Edition continues its focus on fundamental conceptual issues, exploring the transition from the Aristotelian to Newtonian worldviews, and further considering the challenges to our Western worldview brought about by recent developments, particularly relativity theory, quantum theory, and evolutionary theory. In addition, three new chapters are included that feature extensive coverage of scientific laws, evolutionary theory, and the philosophical/conceptual implications of evolution. By providing readers at all levels with the critical tools necessary for reflecting on the nature and development of Western scientific thought, Worldviews: An Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Science, Second Edition, enhances its reputation as the ideal introduction to the concepts of philosophy of science.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781405195638
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
10/05/2010
Pages:
392
Sales rank:
290,589
Product dimensions:
6.70(w) x 9.60(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of figures ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 1

Part I Fundamental Issues 5

1 Worldviews 7

2 Truth 17

3 Empirical Facts and Philosophical/Conceptual Facts 32

4 Confirming and Disconfirming Evidence and Reasoning 38

5 The Quine-Duhem Thesis and Implications for Scientific Method 46

6 Philosophical Interlude: Problems and Puzzles of Induction 58

7 Falsifiability 66

8 Instrumentalism and Realism 71

Part II The Transition from the Aristotelian Worldview to the Newtonian Worldview 79

9 The Structure of the Universe on the Aristotelian Worldview 81

10 The Preface to Ptolemy's Almagest: The Earth as Spherical, Stationary, and at the Center of the Universe 87

11 Astronomical Data: The Empirical Facts 99

12 Astronomical Data: The Philosophical/Conceptual Facts 106

13 The Ptolemaic System 113

14 The Copernican System 123

15 The Tychonic System 134

16 Kepler's System 137

17 Galileo and the Evidence from the Telescope 148

18 A Summary of Problems Facing the Aristotelian Worldview 164

19 Philosophical and Conceptual Connections in the Development of the New Science 170

20 Overview of the New Science and the Newtonian Worldview 175

21 Philosophical Interlude: What is a Scientific Law" 183

22 The Development of the Newtonian Worldview, 1700-1900 192

Part III Recent Developments in Science and Worldviews 205

23 The Special Theory of Relativity 207

24 The General Theory of Relativity 227

25 Overview of the Empirical Facts, Mathematics, and Interpretations of Quantum Theory 235

26 Quantum Theory and Locality: EPR, Bell's Theorem, and the Aspect Experiments 272

27 Overview of the Theory of Evolution 287

28 Philosophical and Conceptual Implications of Evolution 310

29 Worldviews: Concluding Thoughts 341

Chapter Notes and Suggested Reading 349

References 366

Index 371

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >