Introduction: Writing about Literature
1. The Role of Good Reading
The Value of Rereading/ Critical Reading/ The Myth of "Hidden Meaning"
* Samuel Taylor Coleridge, "Kubla Khan"
Annotating/ Notetaking/ Journal Keeping /Using Reference Materials
Asking Critical Questions of Literature
Ben Jonson, "On My First Son"
Questions about the Text/ Questions about the Author/ Questions about the Reader/ Questions about the Cultural Context
* Tips for Good Reading
2. The Writing Process
Choosing a Topic
Developing an Argument
*Deciding on a Thesis
Gathering Support for Your Thesis
* Organizing Your Paper
Drafting, Revising, and Editing
*Prewriting / Revising/ Global Revision/Local Revision / Final Editing and Proofreading
* Tips for Drafting, Revising, and Editing
Peer Editing and Workshops
Tips for Writing about Literature
Using Quotations Effectively
Adding or Altering a Quotation /Omitting Words from a Quotation /Quotations within Quotations /Quotation Marks with Other Punctuation
Quoting from Stories
Quoting from Poems
Quoting from Plays
Tips for Quoting
3. Common Writing Assignments
* Robert Herrick, Upon Julia’s Clothes
* Sample Explication of ""Upon Julia’s Clothes"
* Robert Browining, "My Last Duchess"
* Sample Analysis of "My Last Duchess"
Comparison and Contrast
* Christina Rosetti, "After Death"
* Sample Comparison of "My Last Duchess" and "After Death"
4. Writing about Stories
Elements of Fiction
Characters/ Point of View / Setting /Theme/ Symbolism /Style
Two Stories for Analysis
Kate Chopin, "The Story of an Hour"
Charlotte Perkins Gilman, "The Yellow Wallpaper"
Sample Comparison-Contrast Paper
Melanie Smith, "Good Husbands and Bad Marriages"
5. Writing about Poems
Elements of Poetry
* The Speaker / The Listener / Imagery / Sound and Sense / Patterns of Sound / End-rhymes / Assonance and Consonance / Form /Meter / Stanzas /Lineation
A Poem for Analysis
William Shakespeare, "Let me not to the marriage of true minds"
Sample Explication Paper
Patrick McCorkle, "Shakespeare Defines Love"
6. Writing about Plays
Elements of Drama
A Play for Analysis
Susan Glaspell, Trifles
Sample Analysis Paper
Sarah Johnson, "Moral Ambiguity and Character Development in Trifles"
7. Writing a Literary Research Paper
Books / Periodicals /Online Indexes / Abstracts / Interlibrary Loan / The Internet
Working with Sources
Quoting / Paraphrasing and Summarizing / Commenting / Keeping Track of Your Sources Writing the Paper Refine Your Thesis /Organize Your Evidence / Start Your Draft / Revise / Edit and Proofread
Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism
What to Document and What Not to Document
Documenting Sources: MLA Format
In Text Citations
Preparing the Works Cited List
Citing Books / Citing Periodicals /Citing Electronic Sources
Sample Research Paper
Jarrad Nunes, "Why Emily Dickinson Could Not Stop for Death: A Cultural Analysis"
8. Literary Criticism and Literary Theory
Formalism and New Criticism
Feminist and Gender Criticism
Historical Criticism and New Historicism
Reader Response Theories
Post-Structuralism and Deconstruction
* new to this edition