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Writing and Reporting News : A Coaching Method / Edition 5
     

Writing and Reporting News : A Coaching Method / Edition 5

by Carole Rich
 

ISBN-10: 0495166294

ISBN-13: 9780495166290

Pub. Date: 02/28/2006

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Prepare yourself for the changing world of journalism with Rich's WRITING AND REPORTING NEWS: A COACHING METHOD, the book that integrates new trends in the convergence of print, broadcast and online media while teaching fundamental skills. With information about blogs, multimedia writing, and new skills you'll need for whatever career you choose, the Sixth

Overview

Prepare yourself for the changing world of journalism with Rich's WRITING AND REPORTING NEWS: A COACHING METHOD, the book that integrates new trends in the convergence of print, broadcast and online media while teaching fundamental skills. With information about blogs, multimedia writing, and new skills you'll need for whatever career you choose, the Sixth Edition features tips, techniques, and real-life stories from writing coaches and award-winning journalists. A strong "storytelling" approach makes the text accessible and interesting, helping you easily master the writing and reporting techniques you'll need for success in any news medium.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780495166290
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
02/28/2006
Edition description:
Older Edition

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
Introduction: Tips From Award-winning Journalistsxix
Part 1Understanding News
1Write From the Start: A Coaching Method1
The Reporting and Writing Process2
How to Be Your Own Writing Coach3
Determining Your Focus3
What's the story about?3
How would you tell the story to a friend?3
Putting It All Together4
Adding Visual Elements6
Point of entry6
Summary blurb6
Facts box7
Empowerment box8
Pull quote8
Infographic9
Exercises9
2Changing Concepts of News13
The Internet13
Increasing Competition14
Changing Reporting Skills14
Increasing Job Opportunities16
The Changing Newsroom Structure16
Public Journalism17
Hard News and Features18
Ethics19
Qualities of News Stories20
The Importance of Graphics26
Exercises28
3The Basic News Story31
Conflict and Resolution32
Elements of the Basic News Story33
Headline33
Lead33
Backup for the Lead34
Nut Graph34
Lead Quote35
Impact36
Attribution37
Background38
Elaboration38
Ending39
Graphics39
Examples of Basic News Stories39
Quotes and Attribution41
Coaching Tips41
When to Use Direct Quotes43
How to Write Quotes45
When to Use Attribution48
Plagiarism49
Wording of attributions50
Overview attribution50
Second references50
Title51
Courtesy titles51
Ethics51
Exercises52
4Grammar and Usage57
Exercises65
5Story Ideas69
The Internet70
Other Ways to Find Story Ideas71
Ethics76
Press Releases76
Coaching Tips76
Idea Budgets78
Exercises78
Part 2Collecting Information
6Curiosity and Observation81
Curiosity82
Observation83
The Show-in-action Technique84
Hard News vs. Soft News85
Fact vs. Opinion85
Observation to Find Questions86
Observation for Visual Presentation86
Ethics87
Exercises87
7Sources of Information91
Human Sources92
Anonymous Sources95
Promises96
On and off the record97
Multicultural Sources98
Written Sources99
Electronic Sources100
Databases100
Public Records101
Online Sources102
Other Public Records105
The Freedom of Information Act107
Exercises110
8Listening and Note-taking Skills113
The Pros and Cons of Tape Recorders114
Listening Tips115
Note-taking Tips116
Exercises119
9Interviewing Techniques121
Sensitivity123
Tips for Interviewers123
Planning the Interview124
Conducting the Interview125
Reporting for Graphics129
The GOAL Method of Interviewing130
Ethics131
Telephone Interviewing131
E-mail Interviewing134
Exercises134
Part 3Constructing Stories
10The Writing Process137
Ways to Approach the Writing Process138
The FORK Method138
Focus138
Order139
Repetition of Key words140
The Kiss off141
Briefs143
The Online Writing Process143
How to Revise Stories145
Writing Process Tips146
Exercises148
11Leads and Nut Graphs151
Hard-news Leads, Soft Leads and Nut Graphs152
The Wow Test155
The Impact of Graphics on Leads155
Hard-news Leads156
Summary Leads156
Order of information157
Active versus passive voice158
Where to say when159
Delayed identification160
Second-day Leads161
Impact Leads162
Attribution in Leads162
Fact versus opinion163
Accusations163
Quotes164
Attribution first or last165
Cluttered attribution166
Soft Leads167
Coaching Tips167
Descriptive Leads168
Anecdotal Leads168
Narrative Leads169
Other Soft Leads169
Focus-on-a-person leads169
Contrast leads170
Teaser leads171
Mystery leads171
Build-on-a-quote leads172
List leads173
Question leads173
Cliche leads174
Leads to Avoid174
How to Find Your Lead178
Exercises178
12Body Building183
Middles of Stories184
Transition Techniques184
Techniques for Maintaining Interest185
Parallelism185
Pacing186
Anecdotes186
Dialogue187
BBI: Boring but important stuff187
Simple sentences for complex information188
Lists188
Cliffhangers: Mystery middles188
Endings190
Circle Kickers190
Quote Kickers191
Future-action Kickers191
Climaxes192
Cliffhangers193
Factual Kickers194
Out-of-gas Endings194
Body Building From Start to Finish195
Exercises196
13Story Structures199
Inverted Pyramid201
Wall Street Journal Formula202
Hourglass Structure205
List Technique206
Pyramid Structure207
Sections Technique208
Nonlinear Structure for the Web214
Exercises215
14Storytelling and Feature Techniques221
Narrative Writing222
Reading to Write224
Storytelling Concepts224
Reporting Tools226
Writing Tools228
Theme228
Descriptive Techniques229
Avoid adjectives229
Use analogies229
Limit physical descriptions230
Avoid sexist/racist descriptions230
Show people in action231
Use lively verbs231
Set the scene231
Narrative Techniques233
Use foreshadowing234
Create tone234
Storytelling Structure236
Narrative Storytelling238
Online Storytelling240
Exercises241
15Public Relations Writing243
Media Resistance245
The Media's Needs246
Newsworthiness246
Good Writing246
Credibility247
Ethics247
Media Kits248
Writing Skills for Press Releases249
A Direct Approach249
The Structure of Press Releases251
Corporate Publications254
Press Release Checklist255
Online Resources256
Exercises257
16Broadcast Writing261
Planning a Newscast263
Writing for Broadcast268
Broadcast vs. Newspaper Writing271
The Writing Process274
Story Structure275
Lead275
Body277
Ending280
Teasers and Lead-ins280
Copy Preparation and Style282
Punctuation283
Numbers283
Names and Titles284
Using Broadcast Terms284
Writing a Package285
Ethics288
Broadcasting Online289
Exercises289
Part 4Understanding Media Issues
17Accuracy and Libel293
The Importance of Accuracy294
Checking Information295
Showing Copy to Sources295
Libel296
Times v. Sullivan297
Public Officials297
Public Figures298
Private Figures299
Corrections300
Privilege301
Neutral Reportage302
Fair Comment and Criticism303
Invasion of Privacy303
Intrusion Into a Person's Solitude303
Public Disclosure of Private Facts304
Publicity That Puts a Person in a False Light305
Use of Person's Name or Picture Without Permission306
Online Legal Issues306
Exercises308
18Media Ethics311
Deception311
Privacy Issues313
Public Officials313
Celebrities316
Rape Victims318
Photo Subjects319
A Guideline for Privacy Issues320
Political Correctness320
Media Manipulation321
Moral Reasoning322
The Poynter Institute Model322
Philosophical Approaches323
Codes of Ethics324
Exercises325
19Multicultural Sensitivity329
The Language of Multiculturalism330
Minorities in the News330
The Ethnic Beat333
Gender Differences334
Guidelines for Writing About Special Groups338
People With Disabilities338
Stories About Aging339
AIDS Stories341
The writer's task342
A Pulitzer Prize AIDS story342
Ground rules for sensitive questions344
Terminology345
Online Multicultural Resources345
Exercises

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