Writing Choices / Edition 1

Writing Choices / Edition 1

by Andrew J. Hoffman
     
 

This developmental paragraph-to-essay book seeks to empower readers by showing them that writing is a series of choices and that all aspects of the writing process are within their control as writers. All stages of the writing process—from prewriting to revision—are introduced as the book first illustrates the rhetorical modes at the

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Overview

This developmental paragraph-to-essay book seeks to empower readers by showing them that writing is a series of choices and that all aspects of the writing process are within their control as writers. All stages of the writing process—from prewriting to revision—are introduced as the book first illustrates the rhetorical modes at the level of the paragraph and then shows how to use and combine these modes the essay level. Grammar and punctuation concerns are addressed in each chapter, as well as in an in-depth section at the end of the text. For all professionals wishing to improve upon their writing skills.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205198184
Publisher:
Longman
Publication date:
12/30/1996
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
7.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.20(d)

Meet the Author

Table of Contents

All chapters includes “Journal Exercise” and “Computer Exercise.”

Preface for the Instructor.

Preface for the Student.

1. Getting a Handle on Your Writing.

Learning How to Write.

The Decision to Write.

Influences on Your Writing: Internal and External Forces.

Internal Forces.

Prewriting.

External Forces.

Purpose Audience Subject.

What Can You Do Now and Why?

Reading Talking and Listening Observing Exercise 1-1.

The Benefits of Writing.

Thinking Learning.

Using the Computer in Writing.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Parts of Speech.

2. The Gathering Process: Finding Ideas and Prewriting.

The Impetus to Write.

Searching for Good Ideas.

The Electronic Media Bookstores and Newsstands Libraries.

Prewriting Techniques.

Brainstorming Exercise 2-1 Exercise 2-2 Freewriting Exercise 2-3 Asking Questions Exercise 2-4 Clustering Exercise 2-5 Outlining Exercise 2-6 Keeping a Journal Journal Exercise.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Capitalization and End Punctuation.

3. The Building Blocks: Basic Structures of the Paragraph.

Topic Sentences.

Being Specific Being Direct Expressing a Point of View or Argument.

Using a Outline to Develop Your Argument Exercise 3-1 Exercise 3-2.

Choosing Where to Place the Topic Sentence.

Choosing the Topic Sentence as First Sentence Choosing the Topic Sentence as Last Sentence Choosing the Topic Sentence in the Middle of the Paragraph Exercise 3-3.

Coherence in Paragraphs.

Exercise 3-4.

Choosing Support for Your Paragraph.

Choosing Factual Evidence Versus Opinion and Interpretation.

Transitions.

Exercise 3-5

Wrap-Up Sentences.

Titles for Paragraphs.

Student Writing Assignment.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Paragraphs Your Choices: Paragraphs.

The Revision Process: A Student Writing Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences.

4. Telling It Like It Is: Narration, Description, and Example in Paragraphs.

Why Choose Narration?

Exercise 4-1 Topic Sentences Exercise 4-2 Support Transitions.

Student Writing Assignment: Narration.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Narration Your Choices: Narration.

Why Choose Description?

Exercise 4-3 Topic Sentences Exercise 4-4 Support Transitions.

Student Writing Assignment: Description.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Description Your Choices: Description.

Why Choose Example?

Exercise 4-5 Topic Sentences Exercise 4-6 Support Transitions.

Student Writing Assignment: Example.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Example Your Choices: Example Exercise 4-7.

Computer Exercise

The Revision Process: A Student Writing Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Verbals.

5. The Thing Itself: Definition and Classification Paragraphs.

Journal Exercise

Choosing Words

Concrete Words Abstract Words.

Why Choose Definition?

Exercise 5-1 Topic Sentences Exercise 5-2 Support Transitions.

Student Writing Assignment: Definition.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Definition Your Choices: Definition.

Why Choose Classification?

Exercise 5-4 Topic Sentences Exercise 5-5 Support Transitions.

Student Writing Assignment: Classification.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Classification Your Choices: Classification.

The Revision Process: A Student Writing Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Parallel Structure.

6. Similarities and Differences: Comparison and Contrast Paragraphs.

Why Choose Comparison and Contrast?

Exercise 6-1 Topic Sentences Exercise 6-2 Support Exercise 6-3 Transitions.

Choosing Comparison-Only

Exercise 6-4 Exercise 6-5.

Choosing Contrast-Only.

Exercise 6-6 Exercise 6-7.

Student Writing Assignment: Comparison and Contrast.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Comparison and Contrast Your Choices: Comparison and Contrast.

The Revision Process: A Student Writing Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Run-ons and Comma Splices.

7. Reasons and Results: Cause and Effect Paragraphs.

Choosing Cause and Effect.

Exercise 7-1.

Why Choose Cause?

Topic Sentences Exercise 7-2 Support Transitions.

Student Writing Assignment: Cause.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Cause Your Choices: Cause.

Why Choose Effect?

Exercise 7-3 Topic Sentences Exercise 7-4 Support Transitions.

Student Writing Assignment: Effect.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Effect Your Choices: Effect.

The Revision Process: A Student Writing Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Sentence Fragments.

8. How Things Work: Process Paragraphs.

Why Choose Process?

Exercise 8-1 Topic Sentence Exercise 8-2 Support Exercise 8-3 Transitions.

Student Writing Assignment: Process.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Process Your Choices: Process.

The Revision Process: A Student Writing Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Subject-Verb Agreement.

9. What's Your Point?: Creating the Thesis Sentence.

What Does a Thesis Sentence Look Like?

Shaping the Thesis Sentence?

Argument-Based Thesis Fact-Based Thesis The Claim Exercise 9-1 Controlling Ideas Exercise 9-2 Exercise 9-3.

What Can Go Wrong with a Thesis Sentence?

Rhetorical Questions Unrealistic or Absolutist Thesis Sentences Over-Use of Qualifiers The “Too Broad” Thesis Sentence The “Obvious” Thesis Sentence The Confusing Thesis Sentence Signposts Exercise 9-4.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement.

10. Building from Within: Moving Thesis to Essay.

Why Does Your Essay Have to Have Structure?

What Are the Parts of the Essay?

The Introduction The Main Body Paragraphs The Conclusion Transitions.

Student Writing Assignment: An Essay.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for the Essay Your Choices: The Essay.

The Revision Process: A Student Writing Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Verb Tense Agreement.

11. Adapting the Essay to Your Purpose: Using and Combining Rhetorical Modes.

How Do You Use Rhetorical Modes in an Essay?

Exercise 11-1.

Why Combine Rhetorical Modes?

Exercise 11-2 Exercise 11-3 What Rhetorical Modes Can You Find?

Student Writing Assignment: Combining Rhetorical Modes.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for the Essay with Combined Rhetorical Modes Your Choices: Combining Rhetorical Modes.

The Revision Process: A Student Writing Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Adjectives and Adverbs.

12. Arguing Your Point: Logical Support and Logical Fallacies.

What is Logical?

Induction Deduction Exercise 12-1.

Some Logical Fallacies to Avoid.

Hasty Generalization Faulty Authority Questionable Cause and Effect Emotional Blackmail False Analogy Begging the Question Attacking the Messenger Slippery Slope Exercise 12-2.

Building Logical Arguments: Persuasion Concessions.

Why Choose to Use a Concession? Choosing Your Concession Strategy? Choosing How to Present the Concession Transitions.

Student Writing Assignment: Argument.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Argument Your Choices: Argument.

The Revision Process: A Student Writing Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Using Commas Correctly.

13. How to Say It: Style.

The Expressive Power of Language.

Choosing the Level of Language Exercise 13-1.

Sexism in Language.

Exercise 13-2.

Trimming the Excess Fat.

Cut Extra Words Choose Short Words.

Keeping It Simple.

The Physical Presentation.

Guidelines for Typed or Printed Materials Guidelines for Handwritten Materials.

Student Writing Assignment: Style.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Peer Editing Guidelines for Style Your Choices: Style.

The Revision Process: A Student Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Colons and Semi-Colons.

14. Under the Gun: Writing Essay Examinations.

The Purpose of Timed Writing.

Writing in Response to a Prompt Writing in Response to a Question.

Succeeding at Essay Examinations.

Read the Prompt Dealing with Anxiety Responding to the Question Outlining Under Pressure Beginning Your Essay Using Evidence.

Common Pitfalls to Avoid.

Rushing in Too Quickly Beginning Poorly Lacking a Thesis Sentence Changing Your Mind Failing to Proofread Neatness Counts!

Student Writing Assignment: The Timed Essay.

Start-Up Suggestions Self-Revision Questions Your Choices: The Timed Essay.

The Revision Process: A Student Writing Sample.

Grammar Instruction and Exercises: Using Quotation Marks.

Reviewing the Rules: A Guide to Grammar, Spelling, and Punctuation.

Parts of Speech.

Nouns Pronouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Prepositions Conjunctions Interjections Exercises.

Sentence Patterns.

Subject-Verb Subject-Verb-Direct Object Subject-Verb-Indirect Object-Direct Object Subject-Verb-Direct Object-Object Complement Subject-Verb-Subject Complement Exercises.

Sentence Types: Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentences.

Simple Sentences Compound Sentences Complex Sentences Compound-Complex Sentences Exercises.

Sentence Fragments.

Missing a Subject Missing a Verb or Verb Phrase Dependent Clause Only Exercises.

Run-Ons and Comma Splices.

Use a Period Use a Coordinating Conjunction with a Comma Use a Semi-Colon Make One Independent Clause Dependent Exercises.

Verb Tense.

The Present Tense The Past Tense The Future Tense The Perfect Tenses The Progressive Tenses Exercises.

Agreement in Tense, Voice, and Person.

Use a Consistent Tense Use a Consistent Voice Use a Consistent Person Exercises.

Verbals.

Participles Gerunds Infinitives Exercises.

Subject-Verb Agreement.

Exercises.

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement.

Exercises.

Case Forms.

Subjective Pronouns Objective Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Who/Whom/Whoever/Whomever Exercises.

Parallel Structure.

Items in a List Comparisons and Contrasts Correlative Conjunctions Exercises.

Adjectives and Adverbs.

Good and Well Exercises.

Vocabulary.

The Dictionary Prefixes, Suffixes, and Root Words.

Spelling.

Some Simple Spelling Rules Commonly Misspelled Words.

Capitalization, Abbreviation, and the Use of Numbers.

Capitalization Abbreviation Numbers Exercises.

Punctuation.

End Punctuation Internal Punctuation.

Professional Readings.

Introduction.

Narration, Description, and Example.

The Library Card, Richard Wright A Friend for All Seasons, Karen Stabiner With All the Trimmings, Garrison Keillor A Forest Mystery, Katie Letcher Lyle Learning to Listen from One Writer's Beginnings, Eudora Welty.

Definition and Classification.

We Have No Right to Happiness, C.S. Lewis The Nature of Serenity, Theodore Roszak Godhood: Not All Fun and Games, Kristina Harris Intelligence: Its Nature and Measurement from Psychology, Robert A. Baron.

Comparison and Contrast.

Losing My Sight Made Me See, Terrence Kennell Dr. Sigmund Doolittle, Jeffrey Kluger.

Cause/Effect.

The Four Corners Dilemma, Barry Meier Action as the Antidote to Boredom, Leo Buscaglia The Decline of Neatness, Norman Cousins What Our Education System Needs Is More F's, Carl Singleton Drug Story, Tom Bethell F-Word March, Stephen Chapman.

Process.

How to Be an Optimist, Tamara Eberlein The Healing Powers of Community, Carolyn R. Shaffer and Kristen Anundsen Maximizing Learning from Courses and Classes from How to Get the Most Out of College, Arthur W. Chickering and Nancy K. Schlossberg.

Glossary.

Index.

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