Writing Essays About Literature: A Guide and Style Sheet / Edition 7

Writing Essays About Literature: A Guide and Style Sheet / Edition 7

by Kelley Griffith

ISBN-10: 1413003958

ISBN-13: 9781413003956

Pub. Date: 05/23/2005

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Kelley Griffith's Writing Essays about Literature is the standard guide and style sheet for interpreting and writing about literature. Flexible enough to be used in any literature course that emphasizes writing, this versatile text includes strategies for analysis and interpretation, and step-by-step instruction for planning, researching, writing, and revising…  See more details below


Kelley Griffith's Writing Essays about Literature is the standard guide and style sheet for interpreting and writing about literature. Flexible enough to be used in any literature course that emphasizes writing, this versatile text includes strategies for analysis and interpretation, and step-by-step instruction for planning, researching, writing, and revising literary papers.

More headings throughout the text, new "Now It's Your Turn" exercises, new close-reading "Checklists" at the end of every chapter, and a new glossary of literary terms link Griffith's approach into a single, easy-reference guide for both reading and writing about literature.

Updates to the fiction and poetry sections include revised coverage in fiction of the relationship between author and narrator, and of plot elements such as embedded and framed stories; and in poetry, of reading a poem for the first time, understanding the role of the speaker, managing difficult language, and recognizing forms such as the haiku and visual poetry.

Read More

Product Details

Cengage Learning
Publication date:
Edition description:
Product dimensions:
5.58(w) x 8.44(h) x 0.66(d)

Table of Contents

Part 1Interpreting Literature1
1Strategies for Interpreting Literature3
Why Do People Read Literature?3
What Is Interpretation?4
How Do We Interpret?6
Checklist for Interpreting Literature9
Work Cited9
2What Is Literature?11
Literature Is Language13
Literature Is Fictional15
Walt Whitman, Cavalry Crossing a Ford16
Literature Is True18
Henry Howard, Earl of Survey, My Friend, the Things that Do Attain18
Literature Is Aesthetic23
Literature Is Intertextual24
Checklist for the Elements of Literature29
Works Cited30
3Interpreting Fiction31
The Elements of Fiction31
Point of View37
Mary Robison, Yours43
Other Elements72
Checklist for Interpreting Fiction72
Works Cited74
4Interpreting Drama77
The Nature of Drama77
The Elements of Drama78
Checklist for Interpreting Drama103
Works Cited and Consulted105
5Interpreting Poetry107
What Is Poetry?107
Emily Bronte, The Night Is Darkening Round Me108
Sense in Poetry: Elements that Convey Meaning109
Getting Started: Reading a Poem the First Time109
William Wordsworth, A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal110
Louise Bogan, Song for a Lyre114
Characterization, Point of View, Plot, and Setting115
Jane Kenyon, In the Nursing Home116
Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach117
Robert Browning, My Last Duchess120
Imagery: Descriptive Language122
Imagery: Figurative Language123
Samuel Daniel, Love Is a Sickness124
Thomas Campion, There Is a Garden in Her Face125
William Blake, The Sick Rose129
The Sound of Poetry: Musical Elements130
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 129135
Word Sounds137
Edgar Allan Poe, To Helen138
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 116144
Edna St. Vincent Millay, I, Being Born a Woman145
Anonymous, The Daemon Lover146
Emily Dickinson, Because I Could Not Stop for Death148
Matsuo Basho, haiku150
Taniguchi Buson, haiku150
Kobayashi Issa, haiku150
Psalm 23151
Ezra Pound, Xenia153
Amy Lowell, Road to the Yoshiwara154
Langston Hughes, Vagabonds154
Elizabeth Bishop, One Art156
Sight: The Visual Qualities of Poetry157
George Herbert, Easter Wings158
e.e. cummings, 1(a159
Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool159
Checklist for Interpreting Poetry160
Works Cited161
6Specialized Approaches to Interpreting Literature163
Literary Criticism and theory163
Places for Interpretation165
The Work166
New Criticism167
Archetypal Criticism174
The Author177
Historical and Biographical Criticism177
New Historicist Criticism179
The Reader183
Reader-Response Criticism183
All of Reality185
Marxist Criticism186
Psychological Criticism187
Feminist and Gender Criticism189
Works Cited193
Part 2Writing about Literature195
7Writing about Literature197
Why Write about Literature?197
How Can You Write about Literature?197
The Writing Process199
8Choosing Topics201
Preliminary Steps201
Be an Active Reader201
Identify Your Audience202
Raise Questions about the Work205
Narrow Your Topic205
Search Strategies207
Focus on the Work's Conventions (Its Formal Qualities)207
Use Topoi (Traditional Patterns of Thinking)208
Respond to Comments by Critics211
Draw from Your Own Knowledge212
Talking and Writing Strategies213
Talk Out Loud213
Make Outlines213
Make Notes215
Keep a Journal216
Sample Essay about Literature218
Michelle Henderson, "Paradise Rejected in Homer's Oddsey"218
Comments on the Essay225
Checklist for Choosing Topics225
Works Cited226
9Drafting the Essay227
The Argumentative Nature of Interpretive Essays227
The Structure of Essays about Literature228
The Argumentative Structure229
The Rhetorical Structure231
Guidelines for Writing First Drafts233
Keep in Mind the Needs of Your Audience233
Avoid Extreme Subjectivity (Overuse of "I")234
Draw Up a Rough Outline235
Begin Writing236
Use Sound Deductive Reasoning236
Support Key Claims with Facts237
Use Sound Inductive Reasoning238
Define Key Terms239
Organize Evidence According to a Coherent Plan239
Make Comparisons Complete and Easy to Follow240
Checklist for Drafting the Essay242
Works Cited242
10Revising and Editing245
Revise Throughout the Writing Process245
Revise for the Final Draft245
Write a Clear and Readable Prose Style246
Have Other People Read and Respond to Your Draft247
Edit the Final Draft247
Rules of Usage247
Citations of Sources248
Other Rules of Usage Related to Essays about Literature258
Physical Format260
Sample Essay in Two Drafts261
Robert Frost, The Death of the Hired Man262
Early Draft266
Comments on the Early Draft268
Final Draft: Jennifer Hargrove, "A Comparison of Mary and Warren in Robert Frost's 'The Death of the Hired Man'"269
Comments on the Final Draft276
Checklist for Revising and Editing277
Works Cited277
11Documentation and Research279
Primary Sources279
Secondary Sources279
Research Papers and the Use of Secondary Sources281
How to Find Information and Opinions about Literature281
ILibrary Catalogs and Stacks282
IILibrary Reference Room282
IIILibrary Periodicals Room and Stacks292
IVInformation and Opinion on the Internet292
Evaluating the Quality of Internet Sites297
Giving Credit to Sources299
Why Should You Give Credit?299
When Should You Give Credit?299
Where Should You Give Credit?302
Correct Documentary Form303
Guidelines for Parenthetical Citations304
Guidelines for Using Footnotes and Endnotes311
Guidelines and Form for the Works Cited List: General Rules312
Sample Entries for Books313
Sample Entry for Articles in Scholarly Journals317
Sample Entries for Articles in Popular Publications317
Sample Entries for Computer Databases318
Sample Entries for Other Nonprint Sources324
Frequently Used Abbreviations326
Sample Research Paper327
Harold Wright, "The Monster's Education in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein"327
Comments on the Research Paper344
Checklist for Documentation and Research344
12Taking Essay Tests347
Guidelines for Taking Essay Tests348
Sample Test Essays351
Essay 1352
Comments on Essay 1352
Essay 2352
Comments on Essay 2353
Essay 3353
Comments on Essay 3354
Checklist for Taking Essay Tests355
13Sample Essays357
Essay on a Poem357
Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory357
George Cannon, "Point of View in Edwin Arlington Robinson's 'Richard Cory'"358
Essay on a Short Story362
Edgar Allan Poe, The Cask of Amontillado362
Blake Long, "Montresor's Fate in Edgar Allan Poe's 'The Cask of Amontillado'"368
Essay on a Play373
Susan Glaspell, Trifles373
Carolyn Briner, "The Meaning of Physical Objects in Susan Glaspell's Trifles"385
Essay on a Novel391
Shalita Forrest, "First Love, Lost Love in George Eliot's Adam Bede"392
Index of Concepts and Terms417
Index of Critics, Authors, and Works424

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network


Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >