Writing Good Sentences / Edition 3

Writing Good Sentences / Edition 3

by Claude W. Faulkner
     
 

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ISBN-10: 002336470X

ISBN-13: 9780023364709

Pub. Date: 01/01/1981

Publisher: Pearson

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780023364709
Publisher:
Pearson
Publication date:
01/01/1981
Edition description:
REVISED
Pages:
291
Sales rank:
1,086,166
Product dimensions:
8.10(w) x 10.80(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

I. WORDS AND SENTENCES 1(1)
II. THE SENTENCE: SUBJECTS AND VERBS 2(2)
III. SUBSTANTIVES 4(4)
Nouns
4(1)
Definition
4(1)
Classification of Nouns
4(1)
Common Nouns
4(1)
Proper Nouns
4(1)
Pronouns
4(1)
Definition
4(1)
Classification of Pronouns
5(1)
Three Properties of Nouns and Pronouns
5(1)
Person
5(1)
Number
5(1)
Singular and Plural Number
5(1)
Singular Number
5(1)
Plural Number
5(1)
Collective Nouns
5(1)
Gender
6(1)
Masculine
6(1)
Feminine
6(1)
Neuter
6(1)
Common
6(1)
Three Types of Pronouns
6(2)
Personal Pronouns
6(1)
Definition
6(1)
Properties
6(1)
Demonstrative Pronouns
6(1)
Definition
6(1)
Properties
7(1)
Indefinite Pronouns
7(1)
Definition
7(1)
Properties
7(1)
IV. VERBS 8(13)
Properties of Verbs
8(11)
Voice
8(1)
Passive Voice
8(1)
Active Voice
8(1)
Tense
8(10)
The Tenses
8(1)
The Simple Tenses
8(1)
Present Tense
9(1)
Past Tense
9(1)
Future Tense
9(1)
The Perfect Tense
10(1)
Present Perfect Tense
10(1)
Past Perfect Tense
10(1)
Future Perfect Tense
11(1)
Principal Parts of Verbs
12(1)
Regular and Irregular Verbs
12(1)
Regular Verbs
12(1)
Irregular Verbs
12(1)
Formation of Tenses from Principal Parts
13(1)
Verb Conjugations
14(1)
Conjugation of a Typical Regular Verb
14(1)
Conjugation of a Typical Irregular Verb
15(1)
Conjugation of the Verb to be
16(1)
Progressive and Emphatic Verb Forms
16(1)
Progressive Verbs Forms
16(1)
Emphatic Verb Forms
17(1)
Person and Number
18(1)
Variation in Basic Forms
18(1)
The Verb to be
18(1)
Other Verbs
18(1)
Variation in Forms Containing Auxiliaries
18(1)
To be, to have, and to do as Auxiliaries
18(1)
Shall and will as Auxiliaries
19(1)
Mode
19(1)
Indicative Mode
19(1)
Subjunctive Mode
19(1)
Imperative Mode
19(1)
Classification of Verbs According to Relationship to Rest of Sentence
19(2)
Transitive
20(1)
Intransitive
20(1)
Linking
20(1)
V. BASIC SENTENCE PATTERNS 21(5)
Three Sentence Patterns
21(1)
Subject---Verb
21(1)
Subject---Verb---Object
22(1)
Subject---Linking Verb---Complement
22(1)
Substantive Complement Pattern
22(1)
Adjective Complement Pattern
22(1)
Cases in the Three Patterns
22(2)
Use of Cases
22(1)
The Nominative Case
22(1)
The Objective Case
23(1)
Case Forms
23(1)
Nouns
23(1)
Pronouns
23(1)
Two Types of Pronouns Often Used in the Second Pattern
24(1)
Reflexive Pronouns
24(1)
Definition
24(1)
Properties
24(1)
Reciprocal Pronouns
24(1)
Definition
24(1)
Properties
24(1)
Linking Verbs Used in the Third Pattern
24(2)
VI. MODIFIERS 26(18)
Fundamental Concepts in the First Three Basic Patterns
26(1)
Modifying These Fundamental Concepts
27(2)
Modifiers of Substantives (Adjectives)
29(7)
Types of Substantive Modifiers
29(4)
Descriptive Adjectives
29(1)
Definitive Adjectives
29(1)
Numeral Adjectives
29(1)
Demonstrative Adjectives
30(1)
Indefinite Adjectives
30(1)
Articles
30(1)
Possessives
31(1)
Possessives of Personal Pronouns
31(1)
Possessives of Indefinite Pronouns
31(1)
Possessives of Nouns
32(1)
Singular Noun Not Ending in s
32(1)
Singular Noun Ending in s
32(1)
Plural Noun Not Ending in s
32(1)
Plural Noun Ending in s
32(1)
Punctuation with Restrictive and Non-Restrictive Substantive Modifiers
33(1)
Restrictive Substantive Modifiers
33(1)
Restrictive Modifier Preceding the Substantive
33(1)
Restrictive Modifier Following the Substantive
33(1)
Non-Restrictive Substantive Modifiers
33(1)
Non-Restrictive Modifier Preceding the Substantive
34(1)
Non-Restrictive Modifier Following the Substantive
34(1)
Adjective-Noun Combinations
34(1)
The Adjective Complement
35(1)
Modifiers of Verbs (Adverbs)
36(2)
Types of Verb Modifiers
36(1)
Adverbs of Time
36(1)
Adverbs of Place
36(1)
Adverbs of Manner
36(1)
Verb-Adverb Combinations
37(1)
Modifiers of Modifiers (Adverbs)
38(1)
Modifiers of Substantive Modifiers
39(1)
Modifiers of Verb Modifiers
39(1)
Modifiers of Sentences (Adverbs)
39(1)
Comparison
40(3)
The Three Degrees of Comparison
40(1)
Positive Degree
40(1)
Comparative Degree
40(1)
Superlative Degree
40(1)
Comparison of Adjectives
40(2)
Adjectives Which Can Be Compared
40(1)
Forming the Comparative and Superlative Degrees
41(1)
Comparison Involving Degrees of Greater Intensity
41(1)
Comparison Using-er and -est
41(1)
Comparison Using more and most
41(1)
Irregular Comparison
41(1)
Comparison Involving Degrees of Less Intensity
42(1)
Comparison of Adverbs
42(1)
Adverbs Which Can Be Compared
42(1)
Forming the Comparative and Superlative Degrees
42(1)
Comparison Involving Degrees of Greater Intensity
42(1)
Comparison Using-er and -est
42(1)
Comparison Using more and most
42(1)
Irregular Comparison
42(1)
Comparison Involving Degrees of Less Intensity
42(1)
A Special Note on Modifiers
43(1)
Use of Modifiers in the First Three Basic Sentence Patterns
43(1)
VII. VERBALS 44(7)
The Infinitive
44(3)
Forms of the Infinitive
44(1)
Functions of the Infinitive
45(1)
Infinitive as Substantive
45(1)
Infinitive as Adjective
45(1)
Infinitive as Adverb
45(1)
Some Special Notes on the Infinitive
46(1)
Sequence of Tenses with Infinitives
46(1)
Use of Present Tense of Infinitives
46(1)
Use of Present Perfect Tense of Infinitives
46(1)
Punctuation with Infinitives
46(1)
Use of the Infinitive Without to After Auxiliary Verbs
46(1)
The Participle
47(3)
Forms of the Participle
48(1)
Function of the Participle
48(1)
Some Special Notes on the Participle
49(1)
Sequence of Tenses with Participles
49(1)
Use of Present Tense of Participles
49(1)
Use of Past and Present Perfect Tenses of Participles
49(1)
Punctuation with Participles
49(1)
The Gerund
50(1)
Forms of the Gerund
50(1)
Function of the Gerund
50(1)
VIII. COMPOUNDS 51(9)
Coordinating Conjunctions
52(1)
Two-Unit and Multiple-Unit Compounds
52(1)
Two-Unit Compounds
52(1)
Units Connected by a Conjunction
52(1)
Units Not Connected by a Conjunction
53(1)
Multiple-Unit Compounds
53(1)
Last Two Units Connected by a Conjunction
53(1)
All Units Connected by Conjunctions
53(1)
No Units Connected by Conjunctions
53(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Sentence Containing a Compound
53(2)
Compounds Using Various Coordinating Conjunctions
55(4)
Single Conjunctions
55(3)
The Conjunction and
55(1)
Agreement of Verb with Compound Subject Composed of Added Units
55(1)
Compound Substantive Modifier Preceding a Substantive
55(2)
The Conjunction or
57(1)
The Conjunction but
57(1)
Pairs of Conjunctions (Correlative Conjunctions)
58(1)
A Special Note on Compounds
59(1)
IX. THE COMPOUND PREDICATE---A FOURTH SENTENCE PATTERN 60(3)
Form of the Compound Predicate
60(1)
Function of the Compound Predicate
60(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Sentence Containing a Compound Predicate
61(1)
Compound Predicates Using Various Coordinating Conjunctions
62(1)
A Special Note on Compound Predicates
62(1)
X. APPOSITIVES 63(5)
Form of the Appositive
63(1)
Function of the Appositive
63(2)
The Dual Function of the Appositive
63(1)
Restrictive and Non-Restrictive Appositives
64(1)
Restrictive Appositives
64(1)
Non-Restrictive Appositives
64(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Sentence Containing an Appositive
65(1)
Some Special Notes on the Appositive
66(2)
Intensive Pronouns
66(1)
Anticipatory it and the Delayed Subject
67(1)
Use of Introductory Words
67(1)
XI. INDEPENDENT SENTENCE ELEMENTS 68(3)
Exclamatory Elements
68(1)
Interpolated Elements
69(1)
Vocatives
69(1)
The Expletive there
69(2)
XII TYPES OF SENTENCES 71(7)
Declarative Sentences
71(1)
Imperative Sentences
71(1)
Interrogative Sentences
72(4)
Types of Interrogative Sentences
73(3)
Question Asked by Variation in Tone of Voice or Word-Order
73(1)
Variation in Tone of Voice Alone
73(1)
Variation in Word-Order
73(1)
Question Asked by Using Interrogative Words
74(1)
Sentences Introduced by Interrogative Pronouns
74(1)
Sentences Introduced by Interrogative Adjectives
74(1)
Sentences Introduced by Interrogative Adverbs
75(1)
Word-Order in Questions Asked by Interrogative Words
75(1)
Indicating the Pattern of an Interrogative Sentence
76(1)
Exclamatory Sentences
76(2)
Word-Order in Exclamatory Sentences
76(1)
Indicating the Pattern of an Exclamatory Sentence
77(1)
XIII. PHRASES 78(24)
Verb Phrases
78(1)
Prepositional Phrases
78(8)
Form of the Prepositional Phrase
78(3)
Functions of the Prepositional Phrase
81(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Sentence Containing a Prepositional Phrase
82(1)
Some Special Notes on the Prepositional Phrase
83(3)
Punctuation with Prepositional Phrases
83(1)
Introductory Prepositional Phrases
83(1)
Prepositional Phrases Functioning as Sentence Modifiers
83(1)
The Indirect Object and the Prepositional Phrase
84(1)
Prepositional Phrase Indicating the Agent in a Passive-Voice Sentence
85(1)
Phrases Within Phrases
85(1)
Gerund Phrases
86(4)
Form of the Gerund Phrase
86(1)
Function of the Gerund Phrase
87(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Sentence Containing a Gerund Phrase
87(1)
Some Special Notes on the Gerund Phrase
88(2)
The "Subject Idea" and the Gerund Phrase
88(1)
Phrases Within Phrases
89(1)
Participial Phrases
90(4)
Form of the Participial Phrase
90(1)
Function of the Participial Phrase
90(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Sentence Containing a Participial Phrase
91(1)
Some Special Notes on the Participial Phrase
92(2)
The "Subject Idea" and the Participial Phrase
92(1)
"Dangling" Participles and Participial Phrases
92(1)
Sequence of Tenses
93(1)
Phrases Within Phrases
93(1)
Infinitive Phrases
94(8)
Form of the Infinitive Phrase
94(1)
Functions of the Infinitive Phrase
94(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Sentence Containing an Infinitive Phrase
95(1)
Some Special Notes on the Infinitive Phrase
96(6)
The "Subject Idea" and the Infinitive Phrase
96(2)
The Infinitive Without to
98(1)
Use of Case Forms in Infinitive Phrases
98(1)
Subject of Infinitive
98(1)
Object of Infinitive
98(1)
Substantive Complement of Infinitive
98(1)
Use of Interrogative Words in Infinitive Phrases
99(1)
The "Split" Infinitive
100(1)
The Objective Complement
100(1)
Sequence of Tenses
101(1)
Punctuation with Infinitive Phrases
101(1)
Phrases Within Phrases
101(1)
XIV. THE COMPLEX SENTENCE: INDEPENDENT AND DEPENDENT CLAUSES 102(46)
The Clause
102(1)
Types of Clauses
102(1)
The Dependent Clause
102(1)
The Independent Clause
102(1)
Independent Clauses, Dependent Clauses, and Phrases Compared
103(1)
Simple and Complex Sentences
103(1)
The Subordinating Conjunction
104(1)
Types of Dependent Clauses
105(43)
The Noun Clause
105(22)
Form of the Noun Clause
105(1)
Function of the Noun Clause
105(1)
Types of Noun Clauses
105(1)
Noun Clauses of Direct Quotation
105(1)
Types of Direct Quotations
105(1)
Declarative
105(1)
Imperative
106(1)
Exclamatory
106(1)
Interrogative
106(1)
Punctuation of Noun Clauses of Direct Quotation
106(1)
Noun Clauses of Indirect Statement and Related That-Clauses
107(1)
Clauses of Indirect Statement
107(1)
Related That-Clauses
107(1)
The Subordinating Conjunction that
107(1)
Noun Clauses of Indirect Question and Related Clauses
108(1)
Clauses of Indirect Question
108(1)
Indirect Questions Introduced by whether or if
108(1)
Indirect Questions Introduced by Interrogative Words
109(1)
Related Clauses
110(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Sentence Containing a Noun Clause
111(1)
Some Special Notes on the Noun Clause
112(1)
Use of the Subjunctive in Noun Clauses
112(1)
The Forms of the Subjunctive
112(1)
The Verb to be
113(1)
The Verb to have
113(1)
Other Verbs
114(1)
The Subjunctive in Indirect Imperative Statements and Related Noun Clauses
115(1)
The Subjunctive in Noun Clauses Expressing Wishes
115(1)
An Additional Note on the Subjunctive
115(1)
Sequence of Tenses in Sentences Containing Noun Clauses
115(1)
Sequence of Tenses When Verb of Noun Clause Is in the Indicative Mode
116(6)
Sequence of Tenses When Verb of Noun Clause Is in the Subjunctive Mode
122(1)
Noun Clauses in Apposition
123(1)
The Noun Clause Following an Adjective Complement
123(1)
Compounds
124(1)
Phrases Within Clauses
124(1)
Clauses Within Phrases
125(1)
Clauses Within Clauses
126(1)
A Final Note
126(1)
The Adjective Clause
127(7)
Form of the Adjective Clause
127(1)
Function of the Adjective Clause
127(1)
Restrictive Adjective Clauses
127(1)
Non-Restrictive Adjective Clauses
127(1)
Types of Adjective Clauses
127(1)
The Adjective Clause Introduced by a Relative Pronoun
127(1)
Functions of the Relative Pronoun
128(1)
The Relative Pronoun and Its Antecedent: Reference and Agreement
128(1)
Reference
128(1)
Agreement
128(1)
The Substantive Function of the Relative Pronoun
129(1)
Omission of the Relative Pronoun
129(1)
The Adjective Clause Introduced by a Relative Adjective
129(1)
The Adjective Clause Introduced by a Relative Adverb
129(1)
Functions of the Relative Adverb
130(1)
Omission of the Relative Adverb
130(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Sentence Containing an Adjective Clause
130(1)
Some Special Notes on the Adjective Clause
131(1)
Sequence of Tenses
131(1)
The Appositive and the Adjective Clause
131(1)
Compounds
132(1)
Phrases Within Clauses
132(1)
Clauses Within Phrases
132(1)
Clauses Within Clauses
133(1)
The Adverb Clause
134(14)
Form of the Adverb Clause
134(1)
Function of the Adverb Clause
134(1)
Restrictive Adverb Clauses
134(1)
Non-Restrictive Adverb Clauses
135(1)
Types of Adverb Clauses
135(1)
Adverb Clause of Time
135(1)
Adverb Clause of Place
136(1)
Adverb Clause of Manner
136(1)
Adverb Clause of Cause
137(1)
Adverb Clause of Purpose
137(1)
Adverb Clause of Concession
138(1)
Adverb Clause of Condition
138(1)
Adverb Clause of Degree
139(1)
Degree Clauses Introduced by than
139(1)
Degree Clauses Introduced by as
140(1)
Degree Clauses Introduced by that
140(1)
Elliptical Adverb Clauses
140(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Sentence Containing an Adverb Clause
141(2)
Some Special Notes on the Adverb Clause
143(1)
Sequence of Tenses
143(1)
When Tense of Verb of Adverb Clause Is Independent of Tense of Main Verb
143(1)
When Tense of Verb of Adverb Clause Is Dependent upon Tense of Main Verb
143(1)
Adverb Clause of Purpose
143(1)
Adverb Clause Containing a Present Tense Verb Indicating Future Action
144(1)
Adverb Clause Containing a Subjunctive Mode Verb
144(1)
Adverb Clauses Modifying Verbals
144(1)
Subordinating Conjunctions Modified by Adverbs
144(1)
Compounds
144(1)
Phrases Within Clauses
144(2)
Clauses Within Phrases
146(1)
Clauses Within Clauses
147(1)
XV. COMPOUND AND COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCES: A FIFTH SENTENCE PATTERN 148(8)
Structure of Compound and Compound-Complex Sentences
149(5)
Sentences Having Units Connected by Coordinating Conjunctions
149(2)
Units Connected by Single Coordinating Conjunctions
149(1)
Conjunctions Used
149(1)
The Conjunction and
149(1)
The Conjunction nor
149(1)
The Conjunction but
149(1)
The Conjunction or
150(1)
The Conjunction for
150(1)
Punctuation Used
150(1)
Units Connected by Pairs of Conjunctions (Correlatives)
151(1)
Sentences Having Units Joined Without Coordinating Conjunctions
151(2)
Units Joined Without Connectives
151(1)
Units Connected by Conjunctive Adverbs
151(1)
Punctuation Used with Conjunctive Adverbs
152(1)
Some Special Notes on the Conjunctive Adverb
153(1)
Conjunctive Adverbs Used in Addition to Coordinating Conjunctions
153(1)
Conjunctive Adverbs Used to Connect Separate Sentences
153(1)
Sentences Having Units Joined by a Combination of Methods
153(1)
Indicating the Pattern of a Compound or Compound-Complex Sentence
154(1)
A Special Note on the Compound-Complex Sentence
155(1)
XVI. GRAMMAR AND LOGIC: UNITY, COORDINATION, AND SUBORDINATION 156(2)
XVII. EFFECTIVE SENTENCES 158(3)
EXERCISES 161(114)
APPENDIX 275(18)
Section I: Punctuation and Mechanics
277(7)
Section II: A List of Principal Parts of Troublesome Verbs
284(2)
Section III: A Spelling List
286(2)
Section IV: Retained Elements
288(2)
Section V: The Present Gerund and the Present and Past Participles
290(3)
Index 293

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