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Writing, Reading, and Research / Edition 7

Writing, Reading, and Research / Edition 7

by Richard Veit, Christopher Gould

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ISBN-10: 0618918337

ISBN-13: 9780618918331

Pub. Date: 04/12/2006

Publisher: Cengage Learning

Writing, Reading, and Research thoroughly covers analytical reading, paraphrasing, summarizing, and synthesizing —skills essential for developing a research paper. Each stage of the process is illustrated with examples of student and professional writing. Unlike comparable books, Writing, Reading, and Research leads off with two sample student


Writing, Reading, and Research thoroughly covers analytical reading, paraphrasing, summarizing, and synthesizing —skills essential for developing a research paper. Each stage of the process is illustrated with examples of student and professional writing. Unlike comparable books, Writing, Reading, and Research leads off with two sample student papers in the early chapters, giving students a clear idea of the final goal as they progress through each step of the research and writing process. Includes everything one needs to know in the areas of library and internet research, using both primary and secondary sources, MLA and APA styles of documentation, evaluating sources and integrating them appropriately in a paper. For anyone needing a reference geared to writing researched papers or composing documents that are derived from sources that need to be cited and documented.

Product Details

Cengage Learning
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
7.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

To the Instructorxi
Part IWriting, Reading, and Research1
1Introduction to Writing, Reading, and Research3
Writing Habits and Strategies5
Audience and Purpose8
The First Draft20
Peer Review27
Editing and Proofreading30
Discovering Your Own Writing Rules30
Interpreting Reading31
Responding to Reading34
Reading Response Groups37
Reading Selection: "The Holly Pageant,"46
Group Work51
Review Questions51
Discussion Questions51
About the Rest of This Book52
2Strategies for Reading53
Strategies for Understanding57
Prereading Strategies58
Sources of Information58
Textual Clues62
Reading with a Pencil66
Annotating and Underlining for Recall67
Annotating to Stimulate Response72
Keeping a Reading Journal77
Reading Selection: "Buffaloed: Was the Native American Always Nature's Friend?"81
Group Work85
Review Questions86
Discussion Questions86
3Writing a Paraphrase87
Paraphrase as a Reading Strategy87
Using Paraphrase in Writing89
Paraphrasing for a Different Audience90
Paraphrasing an Argument99
Paraphrasing in Research Papers102
Reading Selection: "On the Fringe,"105
Group Work114
Review Questions114
Discussion Questions114
4Reading for the Main Idea117
General and Specific Statements117
Deductive and Inductive Organization119
Thesis Statements and Topic Sentences121
Identifying Topic Sentences122
Restating the Main Idea123
Paragraphs with Implied Main Ideas124
Discovering Implications127
A Further Comment on Paragraphs129
Reading Selection: "An Enduring Hoax: H. L. Menken's Fraudulent History of the White House Bathtub,"131
Group Work138
Review Questions138
Discussion Questions139
5Writing a Summary141
Summary and Paraphrase142
Writing Summaries144
A Process for Summarizing Longer Passages144
Uses of Summary149
Summarizing an Argument150
Summarizing in Research Papers151
Reading Selection: "Class Struggle: Poor, Black, and Smart, an Inner-City Teen Tries to Survive at MIT"156
Group Work164
Review Questions164
Discussion Questions164
6Synthesizing Sources: Writing a Summary Report166
Writing a Brief Summary Report166
Writing an Objective Report on Sources180
Acknowledging Sources--The Obligation of Scholarship187
The List of Works Cited188
Parenthetical Notes191
Reading Selections
"Wipe Off That Milk Mustache"193
"Ad Nauseum"194
"School Daze: Today's Kids Not Only Take Advertising's Presence in Their Classrooms for Granted, They Actually Like It"196
Group Work198
Review Questions198
Discussion Questions198
7Analytical Reading and Writing199
Analyzing the Parts200
Main Idea210
Organization and Coherence216
Writing a Brief Reading Analysis220
Reading Selection: "Classroom Cheating a Serious Problem"226
Group Work228
Review Questions228
Discussion Questions228
8Beginning a Research Project230
The Research Paper230
Primary and Secondary Research231
Benefits of Doing Research232
Learning an Essential Skill232
Contributing to Scholarship233
Gaining Personal Knowledge233
The Research Process234
A Research Assignment235
The Finished Product237
A Sample Standard Research Paper237
A Sample Personal Research Paper247
Your Research Schedule: Planning in Advance262
The Benefits of Word Processing263
A Research Notebook264
Your Research Topic265
Generating Ideas266
Developing an Idea: Clustering271
9Tools for Finding Sources275
Beginning Your Research275
Your Campus Library276
Electronic Resources276
Using Your Library's Research Tools278
Finding Books and Other Library Holdings279
Encyclopedias and Other General Reference Works283
Finding Articles: Magazines, Journals, and Newspapers284
Locating Periodicals284
Library Vandalism--A Crime against Scholarship285
Using Electronic Databases285
A Sample Search for Periodical Sources286
Finding Government Documents293
Internet Resources295
Web Search Engines295
The Reference Librarian--The Most Resourceful Resource297
10Finding Sources Outside the Library: Conducting Interviews and Writing Letters298
Interviewing Sources298
Arranging the Interview299
Conducting the Interview300
Writing for Information302
Still Other Sources303
11Putting Your Sources to Work305
A Research Prospectus305
The Working Bibliography309
Using Your Written Sources310
Reading Your Source311
Evaluating Your Sources312
Narrowing Your Paper's Focus314
Formulating and Refining a Plan315
Taking Notes on Note Cards317
Avoiding Plagiarism320
12Reporting on Sources: Paraphrase and Quotation325
The Conventions of Reporting326
Options for Presenting Sources326
Acknowledging Sources328
Relying on Experts330
Paraphrasing Sources331
Quoting Sources333
Punctuating Quotations333
Altering Quotations340
When to Quote and When to Paraphrase345
A Further Note on Plagiarism350
Practice with Using Sources351
Writing a Brief Objective Research Essay351
Writing a Brief Subjective Research Essay357
13Writing and Revising the Research Paper359
Getting Organized359
Formulating a Thesis Statement359
Sorting Your Note Cards361
Updating Your Outline363
Writing the First Good Draft363
Research Writing: General Guidelines363
Some Practical Writing Tips366
Getting Started367
Writing the Opening368
Writing the Conclusion371
Giving Your Paper a Title372
Editing and Revising372
Reworking Your Paper373
Checklist for Editing and Revising373
Getting Advice from Other Readers376
Typing and Proofreading Your Polished Draft394
14Argument: Reading, Writing, and Research396
Emotional Appeal396
Logical Argument398
Balanced, Credible Argument402
Informal Analysis of Arguments403
Writing a Critique of an Argument409
Procedure for Writing a Critique409
Writing an Argumentative Research Essay423
A Sample Argumentative Research Paper427
Part IIResearch Paper Reference Handbook439
AList of Works Cited (MLA Format)441
Bibliographic Formats441
General Guidelines--MLA Format442
Citing Electronic Sources443
Model Entries--MLA Format444
Sources in Books444
Sources in Periodicals and Newspapers451
Other Sources456
BParenthetical Notes (MLA Format)461
Types of Notes461
Parenthetical Notes463
Some Special Cases464
When Are Notes Needed?470
How Many Notes Are Enough?472
How Much Material Can One Note Cover?474
Information Footnotes475
CResearch Paper Format (MLA Style)477
Format for Your Polished Draft477
Format for Computer-Printed or Typed Papers478
Format for Handwritten Papers486
A Formal Outline488
Standard Numbering System491
Decimal System492
Topic and Sentence Outlines494
DFootnotes and Endnotes495
Sample Footnotes and Endnotes495
Sources in Books495
Sources in Periodicals and Newspapers502
Other Sources505
EAPA Format507
Formats Other Than MLA507
APA Style507
APA Bibliographic Citations (Reference List)508
Model Entries508
Notes in APA Style513
Sample Pages in APA style514
FFormat Featuring Numbered References517

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