Xenophon of Athens (c. 430 – 354 BC) was an ancient Greek soldier, historian, philosopher, and biographer. Born to a wealthy family near Athens, Xenophon was a contemporary and admirer of Socrates. He journeyed extensively in the Perisan Empire as part of an expedition by Cyrus the Younger to unseat his older brother, the emperor, in 401 B.C. Xenophon wrote extensively on his travels in Persia.
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HELLENICA (on Greeks) is a brief history of Greece written by ancient Greek scholar and philosopher Xenophon. The work is intended to complement that of Thucydides, and covers the period 411 BC to 362 BC, up to the Battle of Martineia. HELLENICA remains one of the most important sources for the final seven years of the Pelopponesian War and its aftermath, events not recorded by Thucydides.
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