XML Topic Maps: Creating and Using Topic Maps for the Web

XML Topic Maps: Creating and Using Topic Maps for the Web

by Jack Park, Sam Hunting
     
 

ISBN-10: 0201749602

ISBN-13: 9780201749601

Pub. Date: 07/16/2002

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

The explosive growth of the World Wide Web is fueling the need for a new generation of technologies for managing information flow, data, and knowledge. This developer's overview and how-to book provides a complete introduction and application guide to the world of topic maps, a powerful new means of navigating the World Wide Web's vast sea of information.

With

Overview

The explosive growth of the World Wide Web is fueling the need for a new generation of technologies for managing information flow, data, and knowledge. This developer's overview and how-to book provides a complete introduction and application guide to the world of topic maps, a powerful new means of navigating the World Wide Web's vast sea of information.

With contributed chapters written by today's leading topic map experts, XML Topic Maps is designed to be a "living document" for managing information across the Web's interconnected resources. The book begins with a broad introduction and a tutorial on topic maps and XTM technology. The focus then shifts to strategies for creating and deploying the technology. Throughout, the latest theoretical perspectives are offered, alongside discussions of the challenges developers will face as the Web continues to evolve. Looking forward, the book's concluding chapters provide a road map to the future of topic map technology and the Semantic Web in general.

Specific subjects explored in detail include:

  • Topic mapping and the XTM specification
  • Using XML Topic Maps to build knowledge repositories
  • Knowledge Representation, ontological engineering, and topic maps
  • Transforming an XTM document into a Web page
  • Creating enterprise Web sites with topic maps and XSLT
  • Open source topic map software
  • XTM, RDF, and topic maps
  • Semantic networks and knowledge organization
  • Using topic maps in education
  • Topic maps, pedagogy, and future perspectives

Featuring the latest perspectives from today's leading topic map experts, XML Topic Maps provides the tools, techniques, and resources necessary to plot the changing course of information management across the World Wide Web.

0201749602B08282002

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780201749601
Publisher:
Addison-Wesley
Publication date:
07/16/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
605
Product dimensions:
7.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Forewordxvii
Prefacexix
Acknowledgmentsxxiii
Contributorsxxv
Chapter 1Let There Be Light1
Opening Salvo1
Resources8
What's in Here?9
Chapter 2Introduction to the Topic Maps Paradigm17
Managing Complex Knowledge Networks17
Primary Constructs18
The Big Picture: Merging Information and Knowledge22
Design Principles for XTM23
From ISO/IEC 13250 to XTM25
Summary30
Acknowledgments30
Chapter 3A Perspective on the Quest for Global Knowledge Interchange31
Information Is Interesting Stuff32
Information and Structure Are Inseparable34
Formal Languages Are Easier to Compute Than Natural Languages34
Generic Markup Makes Natural Languages More Formal35
A Brief History of the Topic Maps Paradigm37
Data and Metadata: The Resource-Centric View40
Subjects and Data: The Subject-Centric View42
Understanding Sophisticated Markup Vocabularies45
The Topic Maps Attitude48
Summary50
Chapter 4The Rise and Rise of Topic Maps51
Milestones in Standards and Specifications53
Milestones in Software64
The Future of Topic Maps65
Chapter 5Topic Maps from Representation to Identity: Conversation, Names, and Published Subject Indicators67
What Is the Conversation About?67
So What about Published Subject Indicators?73
Back to the Conversation Subject77
Chapter 6How to Start Topic Mapping Right Away with the XTM Specification81
XTM Topic Mapping81
Why Topic Maps?82
Appetizer83
Main Course88
Dessert93
Brandy, Cigars97
Summary99
Acknowledgments100
Resources100
Chapter 7Knowledge Representation, Ontological Engineering, and Topic Maps103
Knowledge as Interpretation104
Data, Knowledge, and Information104
Knowledge Issues: Acquisition, Representation, and Manipulation106
The Roots of Ontological Engineering: Knowledge Technologies109
New Knowledge Technology Branches: Toward Ontological Engineering116
Ontological Engineering119
Ontologies and Topic Maps124
Summary132
Acknowledgments133
References134
Selected Information and Research Sites147
Chapter 8Topic Maps in the Life Sciences149
A Literature Review149
The Need for Classification150
The Five Kingdoms151
Kingdom Animalia152
Creating Topic Maps for a Web Site155
Summary165
Resources for More Information on the Life Sciences166
Chapter 9Creating and Maintaining Enterprise Web Sites with Topic Maps and XSLT167
The XTM Framework for the Web168
XTM as Source Code for Web Sites171
HTML Visualization of Topic Map Constructs173
Topics174
XSLT Layers182
The XSLT Layout Layer183
The XSLT Back-End and Presentation Layers188
Summary197
Acknowledgments197
References198
Chapter 10Open Source Topic Map Software199
About Open Source Software199
Four Projects200
Seman Text204
Browsing Topic Maps204
Creating and Modifying Topic Maps204
Developing Inference Rules208
Future Plans209
Summary210
XTM Programming with TM4J211
The TM4J Core API211
Getting Started213
TMP3--A Sample Topic Map Processing Application228
TM4J Future Directions244
Summary244
Nexist Topic Map Testbed244
The Development of Nexist245
Use Cases245
Design Requirements249
The Persistent XTM Engine249
The User Interface254
Summary260
References260
GooseWorks Toolkit260
Program Design261
GwTk's Omnivorous Nature262
ISO Compliance263
Use Cases263
Query Language264
Current Tools265
Summary265
Chapter 11Topic Map Visualization267
Requirements for Topic Map Visualization267
Visualization Techniques270
Summary281
References281
Chapter 12Topic Maps and RDF283
A Sample Application: The Family Tree283
RDF and Topic Maps284
Modeling RDF Using Topic Map Syntax296
Summary325
References325
Chapter 13Topic Maps and Semantic Networks327
Semantic Networks: The Basics328
Comparing Topic Maps, RDF, and Semantic Networks330
Building Semantic Networks from Topic Maps330
Harvesting the Knowledge Identified in Markup353
Identifying and Interpreting the Knowledge Found within Documents353
Summary354
References355
Chapter 14Topic Map Fundamentals for Knowledge Representation357
A Simple KR Example357
A Quick Review of Concepts for Topic Maps and KR359
Topic Map Templates360
Class Hierarchies362
Association Properties365
Inference Rules366
Consistency Contraints373
Summary380
References380
Chapter 15Topic Maps in Knowledge Organization383
Suggestions for Reading This Chapter383
What Is KO?391
KO as a Use Case for TMs424
Illustrative Examples438
A Look into the Future: Toward Innovative TM-Based Information Services449
Summary452
Acknowledgments453
Selected Abbreviations454
References457
Chapter 16Prediction: A Profound Paradigm Shift477
Language478
Transmitting the Word479
Lightness of Being480
A Brief History of Knowledge Representation and Education484
The Ephemeral Nature of Many New Ideas487
What the Research Suggests about Knowledge Representation and Learning488
A Paradigm Shift: Patterning Speech to Patterning Thought498
Summary500
Acknowledgments500
References500
Chapter 17Topic Maps, the Semantic Web, and Education507
What Is the Semantic Web?508
How Can Topic Maps Play an Important Role in the Semantic Web?511
What's Next?511
Closing Salvo526
References527
Glossary531
Appendix ATomatoes Topic Map543
Appendix BTopic Map for Chapter 9547
Appendix CXSLT Style Sheet for Chapter 9563
Appendix DGenealogical Topic Map569
Index585

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