The Yale Indian: The Education of Henry Roe Cloud

The Yale Indian: The Education of Henry Roe Cloud

by Joel Pfister
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0822344211

ISBN-13: 9780822344216

Pub. Date: 06/12/2009

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

Honored in his own time as one of the most prominent Indian public intellectuals, Henry Roe Cloud (c. 1884–1950) fought to open higher education to Indians. Joel Pfister’s extensive archival research establishes the historical significance of key chapters in the Winnebago’s remarkable life. Roe Cloud was the first Indian to receive undergraduate

Overview

Honored in his own time as one of the most prominent Indian public intellectuals, Henry Roe Cloud (c. 1884–1950) fought to open higher education to Indians. Joel Pfister’s extensive archival research establishes the historical significance of key chapters in the Winnebago’s remarkable life. Roe Cloud was the first Indian to receive undergraduate and graduate degrees from Yale University, where he was elected to the prestigious and intellectual Elihu Club. Pfister compares Roe Cloud’s experience to that of other “college Indians” and also to African Americans such as W. E. B. Du Bois. Roe Cloud helped launch the Society of American Indians, graduated from Auburn seminary, founded a preparatory school for Indians, and served as the first Indian superintendent of the Haskell Institute (forerunner of Haskell Indian Nations University). He also worked under John Collier at the Bureau of Indian Affairs, where he was a catalyst for the Indian New Deal.

Roe Cloud’s white-collar activism was entwined with the Progressive Era formation of an Indian professional and managerial class, a Native “talented tenth,” whose members strategically used their contingent entry into arenas of white social, intellectual, and political power on behalf of Indians without such access. His Yale training provided a cross-cultural education in class-structured emotions and individuality. While at Yale, Roe Cloud was informally adopted by a white missionary couple. Through them he was schooled in upper-middle-class sentimentality and incentives. He also learned how interracial romance could jeopardize Indian acceptance into their class. Roe Cloud expanded the range of what modern Indians could aspire to and achieve.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822344216
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
06/12/2009
Series:
New Americanists
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
280
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xvii

Introduction. Chapters in the Education of Henry Roe Cloud 1

1. Yale Education 23

2. Sentimentalized Education 83

3. Cultural Incentive-and-Activism Education 127

Coda. The Indian Ethos of Service 161

Appendix. Sometimes History Needs Reminding 175

Notes 177

Index 243

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