The Yishuv In The Shadow Of The Holocaust

Overview

For the Jewish world and the Yishuv in particular, the 1930s was a time of escalating crises—the rise of the Nazis and their antisemitic policies, the declining fortunes of Eastern European Jewry, increasing Arab enmity, and the hardening of British Mandatory policies in Palestine. Reexamining some of the most controversial episodes in modern Jewish history, this invaluable study offers the first systematic institutional analysis of the Yishuv’s responses to the imperative of saving German and European Jewry from...

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Overview

For the Jewish world and the Yishuv in particular, the 1930s was a time of escalating crises—the rise of the Nazis and their antisemitic policies, the declining fortunes of Eastern European Jewry, increasing Arab enmity, and the hardening of British Mandatory policies in Palestine. Reexamining some of the most controversial episodes in modern Jewish history, this invaluable study offers the first systematic institutional analysis of the Yishuv’s responses to the imperative of saving German and European Jewry from the growing Nazi threat between 1933 and 1939. Drawing on a wealth of archival research and a thorough knowledge of the secondary literature, this informative, important book will be essential reading for all those interested in the history of the Holocaust.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Investigates the Yishuv's response to the rise of Nazism, increasing anti-Jewish sentiment by Arabs, and the hardening of British policy on Palestine in the early 1930s. Particularly queries whether differing party ideologies reflect divergences in approaches to rescuing European Jews, whether the policies of the Yishuv and their opponents were reasonable responses to the actual and perceived threat, whether those policies were pursued creatively and energetically, and to what extend the disunity of the Yishuv impacted the rescue program. Developed from a doctoral dissertation, apparently for the City University of New York. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813336435
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/1998
  • Pages: 364
  • Product dimensions: 0.81 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Abraham J. Edelheit is director of the Morehset Zvi Institute for Jewish Communal Affairs and an Adjunct Assistant Professor of history at Kingsborough Community College. Abraham has served as a consultant to the Presidential Commission on Holocaust Asstes in the United States and is presently Historian in Residence at the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany. An active scholar, he is the author or co-author of ten books on Jewish and European history, including History of the Holocaust: A Handbook and Dictionary. The late Hershel Edelheit a Holocaust survivor, was director of ERICH, a nonprofit research and educational institute dedicated to studying the twentieth-century Jewish experience.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Preface
List of Abbreviations
Introduction 1
1 Zionism Confronts the Nazi Threat 5
The Persecution of German Jewry: An Overview 5
The German Jewish Situation in 1933 7
Jewish Responses to the Nazi Threat 8
The Yishuv in 1933 15
Intra-Zionist Conflict: The Opening Chapter 22
2 First Steps 26
Rescue Aliya: A Conceptual Analysis 26
The Yishuv's Institutions React 28
Finances, Rescue Aliya, and "Business as Usual" 33
To Boycott or Not to Boycott? 40
The Joint Committee to Settle German Jews 41
3 Rescue By Means of Immigration, 1933-1936 50
Involving the British 50
The Eighteenth Zionist Congress 52
The Rescue Aliya Program Takes Shape 55
4 The Politics of Aliya 63
Zionist Rescue Priorities 63
The Evacuation Plan 68
Youth Aliya 70
The Haavara Agreement 73
Aliya Bet 92
5 Aliya and Intra-Zionist Politics 96
Immigration and Absorption 96
From Hitachdut Olei Germania to Ahdut ha-Am 101
Hitachdut Olei Germania Expands 103
Intra-Zionist Rivalries, 1933-1934 104
The Ben-Gurion-Jabotinsky Agreements 108
The Revisionist Schism 112
Evaluation 115
6 Rescue Aliya and Zionist Foreign Relations 118
Yishuv Developments, 1933-1936 118
Imperial Policy and the Jews' Fate 128
The Arab Revolt 130
The Peel Commission 135
The Partition Plan 143
The Twentieth Zionist Congress 148
Time as an Enemy of Rescue Aliya 150
7 1937: Rescue Aliya in Crisis 152
Declining Conditions in Europe 152
German Jewry in the Era of Bloodless Conquests 156
Zionist Responses to Changing Conditions 157
Rescue Aliya's Final Days 160
New Efforts at Zionist Unity 162
Aliya in the Shadow of a "Political Maximum" 164
8 The Decline of Rescue Aliya 172
Intra-Zionist Relations at a Breaking Point 172
The Decline of Rescue Aliya 176
Intra-Zionist Relations at a New Crossroad 181
The Retreat From Partition 187
The Evian Conference and its Aftermath 189
Zionist-British Relations in the Shadow of Munich 191
9 Toward the Abandonment of the Jews 198
Kristallnacht and its Aftermath 198
The End of Rescue Aliya 202
The Search for a Safe Haven 205
The London (St. James Palace) Conference 206
Aliya Bet and Eleventh Hour Rescue 213
The Collapse of Capitalist Aliya 214
New Talks With the Administration; New Protests 216
German Jewry in the Throes of Destruction 217
The Case of Pidyon Shevuyim 219
10 The White Paper 224
April 1939: The Eleventh Hour Passes 224
The Eve of Betrayal 229
The White Paper 231
Final Efforts at Intra-Zionist Unity 235
Immigration Under the White Paper Regime 243
The Bitter End 246
Conclusion 248
Appendix: Aliya Bet Ships 253
Notes 258
Bibliography 321
About the Book and Author 334
Index 335
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