Young People, Crime Justice


This book is about the involvement of young people in criminality and the subsequent response of the authorities to their activities. It provides a comprehensive and detailed introduction to these themes, and is intended primarily for second- or third-level undergraduates or those commencing postgraduate studies in this area. It is also an extremely useful textbook for students taking courses in youth justice or training for work in the youth justice system.

The book is divided into three parts: the first part, 'Young People, Criminality and Criminal Justice' traces the development of young people from their social construction as children and adolescents; part two, 'Explaining Youth Criminal Behaviour', considers the various criminological explanations - and the relevant empirical evidence to support these - of why it is that young people offend; and part three 'The Contemporary Youth Justice System and its Critics' examines the origins, foundations, implementation and parameters of the contemporary youth justice system.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781134001750
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 5/13/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eTextbook
  • Pages: 314
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

Roger Hopkins Burke is Criminology Subject Leader, Division of Criminology, Public Health and Policy Studies, Nottingham Trent University. His current research interests are the development of criminological theory and young people and crime. Recent publications include Young People, Crime and Justice (Willan Publishing, 2008).

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Table of Contents

List of tables

1 Introduction: the problem of youth crime 1

The extent and distribution of youth offending 2

The purpose and structure of this book 10

Pt. I Young People, Criminality and Criminal Justice

2 Children, young people and modernity 23

The emergence and consolidation of modern societies 24

The social control of childhood and adolescence 26

Young people, social control and discipline 30

The centrality of parenting 39

Social progress, exploitation or something more complex 41

3 From justice to welfare and its malcontents 47

The origins of youth justice provision 47

The development of the juvenile justice system 52

Consumer society and criminal youth 57

The triumph of welfarism 60

Conclusions 64

4 Youth justice and the new conservatism 65

The retreat from welfarism 66

Populist conservatism and youth justice 68

Postscript: young people and the postmodern condition 79

Pt. II Explaining Youth Criminal Behaviour

5 Youth offending as rational behaviour 85

Pre-modern explanations of criminal behaviour 86

The rational actor model of criminal behaviour 87

The classical school and its aftermath 87

Populist conservative criminology 89

Contemporary rational actor theories 91

The rational actor model and the youth offender reconsidered 95

6 Biological explanations of youth offending 97

Physiological constituents and youth criminality 98

Altered biological state theories 106

Socio-biological theories 110

Conclusions 113

7 Psychological explanations of youth offending 114

Psychodynamic theories 114

Behavioural learning theories 120

Cognitive learning theories 123

Conclusions 128

8 Sociological explanations ofyouth offending 130

The social disorganisation thesis 131

Robert Merton and anomie theory 135

Deviant subculture theories 136

Social control theories 144

Victimised actor model theories 150

Left realism 154

Pt. III The Contemporary Youth Justice System and its Critics

9 New Labour and the new youth justice 163

New Labour and communitarianism 163

New Labour and reintegrative tutelage 167

The risk society 171

The new public management, quality assurance and the audit society 175

The Audit Commission and the youth justice system 178

Effective and evidence-based practice, the human services and youth justice 180

10 The contemporary youth justice system 184

The Youth Justice Board and youth offending teams 184

Radical new measures 187

The Youth Court and its disposals 192

11 Effective youth justice in practice 198

Risk and effective practice in the youth justice system 199

Youth justice effective practice 200

Assessment of risk and intervention planning 201

Risk and protective factors 204

Implementing intervention 210

Conclusions 221

12 Reflections on the management of contemporary youth crime 223

Risk-based contemporary youth justice revisited 227

Social exclusion and reintegrative tutelage reconsidered 229

Restorative justice revisited 234

Towards the future 239

The future of youth justice 243

References 247

Author Index 286

Subject Index 289

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