Your Memory: A User's Guide

Your Memory: A User's Guide

by Alan Baddeley
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1552979857

ISBN-13: 9781552979853

Pub. Date: 10/02/2004

Publisher: Firefly Books, Limited

Praise for the previous edition:
"Recommended for specialists and non-specialists alike."
- American Journal of Psychology

At the most critical times, especially during negotiations and arguments, memory can fail. Some people can quickly recall faces, but names and dates are easily forgotten.

Your Memory explains how memory works and

Overview

Praise for the previous edition:
"Recommended for specialists and non-specialists alike."
- American Journal of Psychology

At the most critical times, especially during negotiations and arguments, memory can fail. Some people can quickly recall faces, but names and dates are easily forgotten.

Your Memory explains how memory works and how to make it more reliable. This book is full of useful information and advice, and practical exercises for improving the quality and capacity of memory.

Combining anecdotes and exercises with scientific developments and statistics, the book presents this complex topic in a highly accessible way. The author covers a range of issues, such as why a natural system of classifying, storing and retrieving information that exceeds the capacity of a computer can, at times, also forget a phone number.

Your Memory tackles all the fundamental questions about memory and provides answers and solutions for the person who always seems to forget that all-important anniversary date.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781552979853
Publisher:
Firefly Books, Limited
Publication date:
10/02/2004
Edition description:
New Illustrated Edition
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
7.50(w) x 10.25(h) x (d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

    Preface

  1. What is memory?
    • The physical basis of memory
    • The neurophysiology of learning and memory
    • How psychologists study memory
    • The nature of human memory
    • How many kinds of memory
    • Sensory memory
    • Short-term memory
    • Long-term memory
    • Episodic and semantic long-term memory
    • Implicit and explicit memory
  2. Short-term memory
    • Digit span
    • Chunking
    • Short-term forgetting
    • Free recall
    • Are short-term and long-term memory separate systems?
    • Acoustic cues
    • Short-term memory store
    • Levels of processing
  3. Working memory
    • Capacity and limitations
    • The phonological loop system
    • Auditory imagery
    • The phonological loop as a language-acquisition device
    • The visuo-spatial sketch pad
    • Is imagery visual or spatial?
    • Imagery and long-term learning
    • The central executive
  4. Learning
    • Rate of learning
    • Distributed practice
    • Motivation to learn
    • Learning and arousal
    • Memory and anesthesia
    • Repetition and learning
    • Meaning and memory
    • Learning and predictability
    • Implicit learning
    • Skills
    • Priming
    • Classical conditioning
    • Strengths and weaknesses of implicit learning
  5. Organizing and remembering
    • The role of organization
    • Visual mnemonics
    • Supernormal memory
    • Mnemonists and supernormal memory
  6. Forgetting
    • The forgetting curve
    • Memory for events
    • Do we forget skills?
    • Resistance to forgetting
    • Theories of forgetting
    • Sleep and memory
    • Interference and forgetting
    • Retroactive interference
    • Proactive inhibition
    • Accessing memory traces
    • Flash-bulb memory
  7. Repression
    • Forgetting what is unpleasant
    • Hysterical amnesia
    • Multiple personality
    • Child abuse
  8. Storing knowledge
    • Storing simple concepts
    • Inference in semantic memory
    • Schemata
    • Scripts
    • The nature of semantic memory: words, images or propositions?
    • Learning new concepts
    • Disorders of semantic memory
    • The organization of semantic memory
  9. Retrieval
    • Learning to retrieve
    • 'On the tip of the tongue'
    • Classifying incoming material
    • Depth of processing
    • Retrieval cues
    • Smells as retrieval cues
    • Multiple cues
    • Context-dependent memory
    • State-dependent memory
    • Mood-congruent memory
    • Recollection
    • Remembering and knowing
    • Avoiding retrieval
    • What can we learn from computers?
    • Connectionist retrieval models
  10. Eyewitness testimony
    • Innocent or guilty?
    • Suspect testimony
    • The influence of violence
    • Leading questions
    • Remembering faces
    • Identity parades and lineups
  11. Amnesia
    • What is it like to be amnesic?
    • Causes of amnesia
    • Traumatic amnesia
    • Retrograde amnesia
    • Pure amnesia
    • Amnesia and everyday memory
    • Amnesic patients can still learn
    • Managing memory problems
  12. Memory in childhood
    • Infantile amnesia
    • Do babies have episodic memory?
    • Autobiographical memory in infants
    • Children as witnesses
    • Do children forget faster than adults?
    • What develops in cognitive development?
  13. Memory and aging
    • Age and cognitive processing
    • Working memory and aging
    • Long-term memory
    • Prospective memory
    • Semantic memory
    • Implicit learning
    • Biological influences on learning and memory
    • Are you an owl or a rooster?
    • Individual differences in the effects of aging
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Long-term memory in Alzheimer's disease
    • Implicit learning in Alzheimer's disease
    • Working memory in Alzheimer's disease
    • Treating Alzheimer's disease
    • Use it or lose it?
  14. Improving your memory
    • Everyday remembering
    • Demands on memory
    • Visual imagery mnemonics
    • Verbal mnemonics
    • Ritual and oral tradition
    • Memory aids
    • Improving your memory
    • Memory improvement in the elderly
    • Attention and interest
    • Organization
    • Practice
    • Smart drugs
    • Conclusion

    Bibliography
    Index
    Picture credits


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