The Youth Gang Problem: A Community Approach / Edition 1

The Youth Gang Problem: A Community Approach / Edition 1

by Irving A. Spergel
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195092031

ISBN-13: 9780195092035

Pub. Date: 06/28/1995

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Every day there are new stories of gang-related crime: from the proliferation of illegal weapons in the streets and children dealing drugs in their schools, to innocent bystanders caught in the crossfire of never-ending gang wars. Once considered an urban phenomenon, gang violence is permeating American life, spreading to the suburbs and bringing the problem

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Overview

Every day there are new stories of gang-related crime: from the proliferation of illegal weapons in the streets and children dealing drugs in their schools, to innocent bystanders caught in the crossfire of never-ending gang wars. Once considered an urban phenomenon, gang violence is permeating American life, spreading to the suburbs and bringing the problem closer to home for much of America. The government, schools, social agencies, and the justice system are conspicuous by their sporadic interest in the subject and have failed to develop effective policies and programs. Existing social support mechanisms and strategies for suppressing violence have often been unsuccessful. And, state and federal policy is largely nonexistent.
In The Youth Gang Problem: A Community Approach, Irving Spergel provides a systematic analysis of youth gangs in the United States. Based on research, historical and comparative analysis, and agency documents and the author's extensive first-hand experience, the work explores the gang problem from the perspective of community disorganization, especially population movement, and the plight of the underclass. It examines the factors of gang member personality, gang dynamics, criminal organization, and the influence of family, school, prisons, and politics, as well as the response of criminal justice agencies and community groups. Spergel describes techniques used by social agencies, schools, employment programs, criminal justice agencies, and grass-roots organizations for dealing with gangs, and recommends strategies that emphasize the use of local resources, planning, and collaborative procedures.
There is no single strategy and no easy solution to the youth gang problem in the United States. There are, however, substantial steps we can take, and they must be honestly and systematically tested. Offering a practical and alternative approach to a serious social problem, The Youth Gang Problem: A Community Approach is a major and long-awaited contribution to this dilemma. It is required reading for criminal justice personnel, school staff, social workers, policy makers, students and scholars of urban and organizational sociology, and the general reader concerned with the youth gang problem and how to control, intervene, and prevent it.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195092035
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
06/28/1995
Edition description:
FACSIMILE
Pages:
368
Product dimensions:
9.13(w) x 6.06(h) x 1.13(d)

Table of Contents

1Introduction: Comparative and Historical Perspectives3
2Research Limitations: Data Sources and Definitions12
3Scope and Seriousness of the Gang Problem26
4Gangs, Drugs, and Violence43
5Gang Member Demographics and Gang Subcultures55
6The Structure of the Gang70
7The Gang Member Experience90
8The Ecological Context110
9Youth Gangs and Organized Crime129
10Theoretical Perspectives145
11Planning for Youth Gang Control and Violence Reduction171
12Criminal Justice System: The Police189
13Prosecution, Defense, and the Judiciary208
14Probation, Corrections, and Parole - After Care229
15Social Intervention247
16Social Opportunities: Education and Jobs262
17Local Community Mobilization and Evolving National Policy281
Appendix A. Community Mobilization/Planning: Selected Structure and Process Summary297
Appendix B. Nature and Level of Youth Gang Member Problems to Be Addressed299
Appendix C. Selected Strategic Activities/Structures for Particular Settings (Organizations)301
Glossary and Discussion of Terms309
References313
Index337

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