ZBrush Digital Sculpting Human Anatomy / Edition 1

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Taking into account that many of today's digital artists — particularly 3D character animators — lack foundational artistic instruction, this book teaches anatomy in a coherent and succinct style. A clear writing style explains how to sculpt an accurate human figure, starting with the skeleton and working out to muscle, fat, and skin. Insightful explanations enable you to quickly and easily create and design characters that can be used in film, game, or print, and allows you to gain a strong understanding of the foundational artistic concepts.

Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470450260
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 1/7/2010
  • Edition description: Original
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 416
  • Sales rank: 452,504
  • Product dimensions: 7.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Scott Spencer is a freelance character designer and sculptor currently working at the Weta Workshop in Wellington, New Zealand. Scott has worked on titles such as Iron Man, Golden Axe, Species 3, and others. His work can be seen in film, video games, and a variety of collectible figures.


Scott Spencer once defined a novelist as "someone who sits around in his underwear all day, trying not to smoke." For Spencer, not smoking has been a productive occupation. His best-known novel, Endless Love, sold more than 2 million copies and has been translated into 20 languages. The story of teenage love and obsession has drawn high praise from other novelists, including Anne Tyler and Michael Ondaatje. Joyce Carol Oates wrote, "No description of Endless Love can do justice to the rich, startling and always intelligent tenor of [Spencer's] prose."

Less fortunately for Spencer, Endless Love also attracted the attention of Franco Zeffirelli, who directed a disastrous Brooke Shields vehicle based on the book (the 1981 movie periodically turns up on critics' lists of the worst movies of all time). But while Endless Love was, as Jonathan Lethem opined in Salon, a good book overshadowed by a bad movie, Spencer's next novel, about a political candidate haunted by the memory of his late fiancée, got an actual boost from Hollywood. After Keith Gordon filmed Waking the Dead in 1999 with Billy Crudup and Jennifer Connelly in the lead roles, the book was reissued, gaining thousands of new readers. As Spencer notes in an interview on his publisher's web site, "The best thing about having a movie made of your novel is that more people read the book."

Spencer published several books between the first edition of Waking the Dead and its reissue, including Men in Black, the tale of a literary novelist whose pseudonymous hackwork earns him sudden fame and fortune, and The Rich Man's Table, the fictional memoir of a Dylan-like folk singer's illegitimate son. The Los Angeles Times Book Review called Men in Black "the Cadillac of novels -- every word vibrating with a kind of shameless big-boned American grace."

With his recent novel A Ship Made of Paper, Spencer returns to his earlier themes: romantic obsession and overpowering desire. "What makes this brave, dazzling novel so impossible to put down is the urgency with which it makes you care about what happens to its characters: male and female, black and white, young and old," wrote Francine Prose. "Scott Spencer has a genius for observing dramatic everyday moments when the self crashes into the barriers of class and race and culture, together with infinite compassion for the wayward impulse that turns human beings into fanatics willing to sacrifice everything on the altar of romantic love."

Critics have credited Spencer with an ambitious prose style and a keen grasp of contemporary culture, but what distinguishes his work most is his ability to tap into the intense currents of emotion beneath the surface of domestic life. As New York magazine noted, "In a literary age marked by cool, cerebral fiction, Spencer writes from the heart."

Good To Know

In our interview, Spencer revealed his love for all types of music. "My daughter, son, and I are always making mix tapes for each other, sharing the music we love," Spencer shares. "I have no musical talent, but music is a part of nearly every day. I still love the music I grew up with -- from Elvis to Motown to Otis Redding -- but as I grow older I find more and more music to love. I have major CD storage issues."

Spencer has taught fiction writing at Columbia University and the University of Iowa Writers' Workshop. He has written for The New York Times, Esquire, The Nation, GQ, and Rolling Stone, among other publications.

The film version of Endless Love, directed by Franco Zeffirelli, was (as TV Guide put it) "a notorious disaster," but it marked the film debut of three future stars: Tom Cruise, James Spader, and Jami Gertz. The movie's theme song won Lionel Ritchie an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Song.

A Ship Made of Paper is the fourth novel of Spencer's that uses Leyden, New York as a backdrop.

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    1. Hometown:
      Rhinebeck, New York
    1. Date of Birth:
      September 1, 1945
    2. Place of Birth:
      Washington, D.C.
    1. Education:
      B. A., University of Wisconsin, 1969

Table of Contents

Introduction xiii

Chapter 1 Blocking In the Mesh 1

Sculpting the Figure 2

Gesture, Form, and Proportion 3

Gesture 3

Form 5

Proportion 7

From Basic Forms to Complex Shapes 9

Anatomical Terminology 10

Creating a Base Sculpting Mesh 15

Building a Sculpt Mesh in Maya 15

Building a Sculpt Mesh in ZBrush 26

What’s Next? 37

Chapter 2 Gesture and Masses 39

Looking at the Figure as a Whole 40

Crests and Valleys 40

Plane and Profile Analysis 42

Sculpting a Basic Figure 42

Getting Started 43

The Legs 48

The Chest and Shoulders 54

Analyzing Planes 68

What’s Next? 69

Chapter 3 The Head and Neck 71

The Skull 72

Proportions and Placement of Facial Features 74

Placing the Features 74

Sculpting the Basic Skull 75

Refining the Initial Sculpt 84

The Facial Muscles 90

The Masseter and Temporalis Muscles 92

The Zygomaticus Major and Minor 94

The Orbicularis Oris 95

The Triangularis and the Mentalis: The Chin 96

The Frontalis: The Forehead 96

The Orbicularis Oculi 97

The Buccinator Muscle 100

The Facial Features 100

The Nose 100

Closing the Mouth 103

The Neck Muscles 106

Refining the Surface 109

Sculpting the Ear 110

Adding Character and Refining Forms 113

Final Adjustments 117

What’s Next? 125

Chapter 4 The Torso 127

Changing the Torso Masses 129

Model Preparation: Storing a Morph Target 129

Adjusting the Chest Mass 130

Sculpting the Torso 132

Pectoralis 132

Abdominal Muscles 136

Serratus and Oblique 139

Muscles of the Back 142

What’s Next 149

Chapter 5 The Arms 151

Basic Forms 152

Muscular and Skeletal Anatomy 153

Skeletal Landmarks Addressed in This Chapter 156

Muscles Addressed in This Chapter 156

Sculpting the Arm 158

Shoulder and Upper Arm 158

Triceps 163

Lower Arm 167

What’s Next? 177

Chapter 6 The Pelvis and Legs 179

Basic Pelvis and Leg Forms 179

Skeletal and Muscular Anatomy 182

Muscles of the Pelvis and Leg Addressed in This Chapter 185

Sculpting the Pelvis and Legs 186

Adjusting the Leg Position 186

Sculpting the Pelvis and Buttocks 190

Sculpting the Upper Leg 192

Sculpting the Knee 200

Sculpting the Lower Leg 204

Sculpting the Finishing Pass 212

What’s Next? 213

Chapter 7 Hands, Feet, and Figure Finish 215

Anatomy of the Hands and Feet 216

Relative Proportions 216

Skeletal Structure 218

Anatomical Direction 220

The Surface Anatomy of the Hand 220

The Surface Anatomy of the Foot 220

Block Forms and Planes 222

Sculpting the Hand 224

Adding Flesh Folds and Details 237

Sculpting the Feet 246

Finishing the Figure 253

Overall Form Changes 253

Adding Flesh and Fat 256

Chapter 8 Remeshing 265

What Is Remeshing? 266

Why Remesh? 267

Introducing the ZBrush Topology Tools 269

Polypainting 270

Using the ZBrush Topology Tools 278

Remeshing the Shoulders 281

Remeshing a Head with NEX 286

Creating the Initial Mesh with NEX 286

Adding the Eye and Mouth Bags 297

What’s Next? 303

Chapter 9 Texturing 305

UV Texture Coordinates 305

Mapping UV Texture Coordinates 308

Editing UVs 313

Importing UVs into the Tool 315

Creating Texture Maps for Skin 317

Creating Textures for Subsurface-Scattering Shaders 318

Mottling the Skin 326

Painting the Epidermal Layer 328

Exporting Textures from ZBrush 331

Surface Noise 332

Activating Surface Noise 332

Converting Bumps to a Normal Map 333

Chapter 10 Creating a Costume 335

A Costume Workflow 336

Creating the Mask 336

Preparing the ZBrush Topology Tools 336

Making a Base Mesh 336

Generating a Hero Mask from the Topology 341

Sculpting the Costume Details 345

Sculpting the Mask 345

Sculpting the Shirt 352

Adding a Repeating Pattern to the Sleeves 355

Sculpting the Pants 358

Storing, Recalling, and Editing Masks as Alphas 369

What’s Next 375

Appendix About the Companion DVD 377

What You’ll Find on the DVD 377

Chapter Files 377

Extra Videos 378

System Requirements 378

Using the DVD 378

Troubleshooting 379

Customer Care 379

Index 380

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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing all of 7 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted March 20, 2010

    Even if you don't use zbrush, this is a solid anatomy book.

    I ranked it a little low for general readers, because this isn't a "general" book. It involves the use of a $700+ program so chances are you wouldn't even happen upon this book under any other circumstances. Even if you didn't do digital sculpting, maybe just sculpting, you could get something out of this book. He works from the bone out, going over all the bone structures and muscle groups and their names and how they influence the body and all it's features as you sculpt them. Of course, zbrush artists would get the most out of this book.

    Highly recommended if you are at all serious about becoming a 3d artist.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted May 11, 2011

    Excellent book!

    When I see a book written by Scott Spencer I know its worth buying and this book is no different. Scott does a fantastic job of explaining anatomy and how characters are created using Zbrush. I cant recommend this book enough! Everything you need to know about character creation is in tis book and has become my zbrush bible!

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    Posted February 8, 2010

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    Posted January 6, 2010

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