Born on February 7, 1812, Charles Dickens was the second of eight children in a family burdened with financial troubles. Despite difficult early years, he became the most successful British writer of the Victorian age.
In 1824, young Charles was withdrawn from school and forced to work at a boot-blacking factory when his improvident father, accompanied by his mother and siblings, was sentenced to three months in a debtor's prison. Once they were released, Charles attended a private school for three years. The young man then became a solicitor's clerk, mastered shorthand, and before long was employed as a Parliamentary reporter. When he was in his early twenties, Dickens began to publish stories and sketches of London life in a variety of periodicals.
It was the publication of Pickwick Papers (1836-1837) that catapulted the twenty-five-year-old author to national renown. Dickens wrote with unequaled speed and often worked on several novels at a time, publishing them first in monthly installments and then as books. His early novels Oliver Twist (1837-1838), Nicholas Nickleby (1838-1839), The Old Curiosity Shop (1840-1841), and A Christmas Carol (1843) solidified his enormous, ongoing popularity. As Dickens matured, his social criticism became increasingly biting, his humor dark, and his view of poverty darker still. David Copperfield (1849-1850), Bleak House (1852-1853), Hard Times (1854), A Tale of Two Cities (1859), Great Expectations (1860-1861), and Our Mutual Friend (1864-1865) are the great works of his masterful and prolific period.
In 1858 Dickens's twenty-three-year marriage to Catherine Hogarth dissolved when he fell in love with Ellen Ternan, a young actress. The last years of his life were filled with intense activity: writing, managing amateur theatricals, and undertaking several reading tours that reinforced the public's favorable view of his work but took an enormous toll on his health. Working feverishly to the last, Dickens collapsed and died on June 8, 1870, leaving The Mystery of Edwin Drood uncompleted.
Author biography from the Barnes & Noble Classics edition of David Copperfield.
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|Charles Dickens Home
|In Our Other Stores|
|Charles Dickens Movies
|The Pickwick Papers, 1837|
|Sketches by Boz, 1837|
|Oliver Twist, 1838|
|Sketches of Young Gentlemen, 1838|
|Nicholas Nickleby, 1839|
|Sketches of Young Couples, 1840|
|American Notes for General Circulation, 1840|
|Barnaby Rudge, 1841|
|Old Curiosity Shop, 1841|
|A Christmas Carol, 1843|
|Martin Chuzzlewit, 1844|
|The Chimes: A Goblin Story of Some Bells That Rang an Old Year out and a New Year (Reprint Services Edition), 1845|
|Pictures from Italy, 1846|
|The Christmas Books: The Cricket on the Hearth, The Battle of Life, and The Haunted Man, Vol. 2, 1846|
|Dombey and Son, 1846|
|The Battle of Life: A Love Story, 1847|
|Haunted Man/The Ghost's Bargain (CD-ROM), 1848|
|David Copperfield, 1850|
|A Child's History of England, 1851|
|Bleak House, 1853|
|Hard Times, 1854|
|Little Dorrit, 1857|
|A Tale of Two Cities, 1859|
|The Uncommercial Traveller, 1861|
|Great Expectations, 1861|
|Our Mutual Friend, 1865|
|The Mystery of Edwin Drood, 1870|
|Hunted Down: A Story with Some Account of Thomas Griffiths Wainewright, the Poisoner, 1870|
|Child's Dream of a Star, 1871|