A Grammar of Koyra Chiini: The Songhay of Timbuktu / Edition 1

by Jeffrey Heath
ISBN-10:
3110162857
ISBN-13:
9783110162851
Pub. Date:
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Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783110162851
Publisher: De Gruyter
Publication date: 01/01/1999
Series: Mouton Grammar Library [MGL] Series , #19
Pages: 467
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.06(h) x 0.04(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

Table of Contents

Abbreviationsxiii
Mapxv
1Introduction1
1.1Generalities about Songhay1
1.2History and geography2
1.3Format of grammar5
1.4Transcriptional conventions6
1.5Literature review8
1.6Acknowledgements8
2Overview11
2.1Brief outline of typical sentence and NP structures11
2.2Distinctive features of Koyra Chiini15
2.3Internal variation within Koyra Chiini16
3Phonology17
3.1Consonants17
3.2Oral vowels18
3.3Diphthongs18
3.4Nasalized vowels and word-final nasal consonants21
3.5Syllabification23
3.6Consonantal assimilations and deletions29
3.7Vocalic contraction, deletion, shortening, and lengthening31
3.8Minor phonological alternations41
3.9Prosodics48
3.10Historical phonological notes49
4Nouns, pronouns, and nominal derivation55
4.1Personal pronouns55
4.2Demonstratives61
4.3Nominalizations63
4.4Morphology of adjectives71
4.5Quantificational adjectives74
4.6Nominal compounds77
5Nominal inflection and NP syntax83
5.1Overview83
5.2Possessives84
5.3Adjectives87
5.4Numerals and other quantifiers88
5.5Demonstrative woo97
5.6Definite di98
5.7Plural yo99
5.8Markers of discourse status100
5.9Adpositions and case-marking103
5.10Apposition110
5.11Instrumental, comitative, and conjoined NPs112
5.12Locational Phrases and Temporal Phrases122
6Verbal voice and verb derivation125
6.1Subcategorization for objects and adpositional phrases125
6.2Derived voice forms133
6.3Compounds138
6.4Verb-stem reduplication141
7VP structure143
7.1Types of predicates143
7.2Mood-aspect-negation (MAN)154
7.3Imperatives164
8Discourse-functional constructions and relativization166
8.1Focus constructions166
8.2Questions and answers174
8.3Relative clause constructions186
8.4Topic constructions206
8.5Emphatics and similatives216
8.6Co-occurrence of major discourse-functional categories237
9Sentence-level syntax and semantics243
9.1Object NPs and other postverbal constituents243
9.2Adjectival intensifying interjections249
9.3Operators and scope250
9.4Overview of complement clause types262
9.5Clause conjunction and indicative complement clauses263
9.6Subjunctive complements289
9.7Infinitival VPs and serial verbs304
10Anaphora, logophorics, and reported speech322
10.1Reported speech and logophoric pronouns322
10.2Reflexives and reciprocals329
10.3Generic and indefinite reference345
10.4Sloppy (partial) coreferentiality350
11Semantic topics353
11.1Spatiotemporal structures353
11.2Weather and ambient condition366
11.3Perception366
11.4Emotion and personality367
11.5Kinship368
11.6Flora-fauna371
11.7Body parts373
Appendix 1Upriver dialects375
Appendix 2Djenne Chiini380
Text434
References443
Morpheme Index445
Subject Index451

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