Mineral Nutrition of Crops: Fundamental Mechanisms and Implications / Edition 1

by Zdenko Rengel
ISBN-10:
1560228806
ISBN-13:
9781560228806
Pub. Date:
Publisher:

Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781560228806
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 06/28/1999
Pages: 418
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Contents About the Editors

  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Biology and Chemistry of Nutrient Availability in the Rhizosphere
  • Introduction
  • Influence of Rhizodeposition on Microbial Ecology
  • Plant Modifications of Rhizosphere Chemistry
  • Plant Responses to Micronutrient Deficiencies
  • Microbial Interactions Influencing Plant Nutrition
  • Bioaugmentation of the Rhizosphere
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 2. Kinetics of Nutrient Uptake by Plant Cells
  • Introduction
  • Transport Mechanisms
  • Control of Uptake
  • Enzyme Kinetics and Membrane Transport
  • Dual Isotherms and Multiphasic Kinetics
  • Induction and Repression of Transport Systems
  • Root Structure and Observed Kinetics
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 3. Molecular Biology of Nutrient Transporters in Plant Membranes
  • Introduction
  • Isolation of Ion Transporters
  • Common Molecular Features of Plant Nutrient Transporters
  • Potassium Transport
  • Sulfate Transport
  • Phosphate Transport
  • Nitrogen Transport
  • Tools for Physiological Studies
  • Implications for Agriculture and the Environment
  • Chpater 4. Long-Distance Nutrient Transport in Plants and Movement into Developing Grains
  • Introduction
  • Long-Distance Transport in Xylem and Phloem
  • Pathway of Nutrient Transport into Developing Grains
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. The Significance of Root Size for Plant Nutrition in Intensive Horticulture
  • Introduction
  • The Role of Root Size and Container Volume in Nutrient Uptake
  • Plant Response to Container Volume and Nutrient Concentrations
  • Effect of Container Volume and Nitrate Concentration on Nitrogen and Water Uptake Rates
  • Tomato Response to Root Treatments in Hydroponics
  • Internal Regulation of Nutrient Uptake
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 6. Role of Mineral Nutrients in Photosynthesis and Yield Formation
  • Introduction
  • Photosynthesis and Related Processes
  • Role of Mineral Nutrients in Yield Formation
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 7. The Role of Nutrition in Crop Resistance and Tolerance to Diseases
  • Introduction
  • Effect of Disease on Nutrition Status of Plants
  • Characterizing Nutrient Interactions with Disease
  • Strategies to Reduce Disease Severity by Improving Nutrition
  • Mechanisms of Disease Control with Nutrition
  • Using Nutrition for Disease Control
  • Examples of Nutrient-Disease Interactions
  • Summary/Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Importance of Seed Mineral Nutrient Reserves in Crop Growth and Development
  • Introduction
  • General Considerations
  • Importance of Phloem Transport and Transfer Cells
  • Phloem-Mobile Nutrient Elements
  • Variable Phloem-Mobile Nutrient Elements
  • Conditionally Phloem-Mobile Nutrient Elements
  • General Conclusions
  • Chapter 9. Physiological Mechanisms Underlying Differential Nutrient Efficiency of Crop Genotypes
  • Introduction
  • Nutrient Efficiency
  • Mechanisms of Zinc Efficiency
  • Modification of Phenotypic Expression of Zinc Efficiency
  • Mechanisms of Iron Efficiency
  • Mechanisms of Manganese Efficiency
  • Mechanisms of Phosphorus Efficiency
  • Breeding for Nutrient Efficiency
  • Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 10. Breeding Crops for Improved Nutrient Efficiency: Soybean and Wheat as Case Studies
  • Introduction
  • Nutrient Efficiency and Tolerance to Ion Toxicity: Inheritancy and Breeding Strategies
  • Screening Techniques for the Evaluation of Nutrient Efficiency
  • Summary and Conclusions
  • Chapter 11. Monitoring Water and Nutrient Fluxes Down the Profile: Closing the Nutrient Budget
  • Introduction
  • Measurement of Soil Profile Concentrations of Nutrient Ions
  • Measurement of Soil Water content
  • Calculation of Soil Water Fluxes and Drainage
  • Calulation of Nutrient Fluxes
  • Field Studies of Nutrient Movement
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 12. Mechanistic Simulation Models for a Better Understanding of Nutrient Uptake from Soil
  • Introduction
  • The Soil-Root System
  • Modeling Approaches
  • Validation of the Models
  • Evaluation of Soil and Plant Properties by Sensitivity Analysis
  • General Conclusions and Final Remarks
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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