20 Strategies for STEM Instruction

20 Strategies for STEM Instruction

by William N. Bender

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781941112786
Publisher: Learning Sciences International
Publication date: 10/07/2016
Pages: 272
Sales rank: 819,811
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

William N. Bender, PhD, is a national leader on the general topic of instructional tactics for the classroom, with special interests in discipline, project-based learning, technology in the classroom, differentiated instruction, and response to intervention. He has written 24 books in education, many of which are leading sellers in their respective topics. He currently presents numerous workshops each year for educators around the country and in Canada. His focus is always on practical strategies and tactics that work in real classrooms, and his work is firmly based on his experience teaching public school special needs students in eigth and ninth grade. After earning his PhD from the University of North Carolina, he taught educators at Rutgers University and the University of Georgia.

Table of Contents

Introduction 1

Parameters of STEM 2

Efficacy of STEM 5

Teaching Ideas in STEM Classes 5

Foundational Instructional Approaches in STEM 7

STEM or STEAM? 11

Recurring Concerns in Transitioning to STEM 12

Using This Book 14

Section I Project-and Inquiry-Based Learning 17

Chapter 1 Project-Based Learning 19

Real-World Projects and Project Scope 20

Structure and Components of PBL Instruction 22

Step-by-Step PBL Instruction 26

Research on PBL Instruction 32

Summary 33

Chapter 2 Build Something: Engineering and Makerspace in STEM Classes 35

The Engineering Design Process 37

Building Curriculum Options for STEM 39

3-D Printing: Construction for the Next Century 42

Engineering, Makerspace, and Creativity 49

Summary 49

Chapter 3 Summarizing and Prediction/Hypothesis Testing 51

The Scientific Method 52

Summarizing in STEM Classes 55

Prediction and Hypothesis Testing 60

Summary 62

Chapter 4 Rubrics and Feedback in STEM Classes 63

Using Rubrics for Feedback 63

Research on the Efficacy of Rubrics for Feedback 68

Case Study: Rubrics for Feedback 68

Summary 70

Chapter 5 The Flipped STEM Classroom 73

The Flipped-Class Strategy 73

Research on the Efficacy of Flipped Learning 79

Steps for Flipping Your STEM Class 79

Summary 81

Section II Technology in Stem Classes 83

Chapter 6 Tech-Rich Teaching 85

Wi-Fi and Computer Access for STEM Classes 87

SMART Boards 89

Computer-Delivered Instruction 90

Khan Academy 93

Research on Khan Academy 95

Steps in Implementing Khan Academy 97

Summary 99

Chapter 7 Coding and Robotics in STEM 101

Coding in the Classroom 102

Robotics in STEM 107

Efficacy of Coding and Robotics 113

Steps for Teaching Coding/Robotics 113

Summary 115

Chapter 8 Animation in STEM Classes 117

Classroom Animation in STEM 117

Voki in STEM Classes 123

How to Get Started With Animation 123

Research on Animation 125

Summary 125

Chapter 9 Gaming and Simulations 127

Games and Gaming in Education 127

ARGs and Virtual Worlds for STEM Instruction 132

Research on the Efficacy of Games in STEM 140

Steps for Beginning Gaming 141

Summary 142

Chapter 10 Augmented Reality in STEM Classes 143

Beginning AR in Your STEM Classroom 146

Research on the Efficacy of AR in the Classroom 148

Summary 149

Section III Collaborative and Cooperative Learning in STEM 151

Chapter 11 Cooperative Learning 153

Cooperative Learning in STEM Classes 153

Jigsaw: A Traditional Approach 154

Classroom Example: Cooperative Learning in Mathematics 156

Case Study: Cooperative Learning in STEM 158

Research on the Efficacy of Cooperative Learning 160

Summary 161

Chapter 12 Social Learning Networks for STEM Instruction 163

Using Facebook for Teaching 165

Steps to Using Facebook in STEM 167

Research on Social Networking in the Classroom 169

Summary 170

Chapter 13 Wikis for STEM Instructional Units 171

The Basics of Wikis 171

Setting Up a Class Wiki 175

Research on the Efficacy of Wikis 179

Summary 180

Chapter 14 Mindfulness in STEM Classes 181

Soft Skills for STEM Success 181

Teaching Mindfulness in STEM Classes 184

Efficacy of Mindfulness 186

Summary 186

Chapter 15 Classwide Peer Tutoring 187

Tutoring: A Proven Strategy 187

Steps in Classwide Peer Tutoring 189

Efficacy of Classwide Peer Tutoring 190

Summary 191

Chapter 16 Reciprocal Teaching 193

Steps in Reciprocal Teaching 194

Applications of Reciprocal Teaching in STEM Classes 195

Efficacy of Reciprocal Teaching 196

Case Study: Reciprocal Teaching in Science 197

Summary 197

Section IV Differentiated STEM Instruction 199

Chapter 17 Differentiated Instructional Practice 201

Differentiating Instruction in STEM 202

Modification of a Traditional Lesson Plan 202

Classroom Example: A Differentiated Math Lesson 203

Guidelines for Differentiated Instruction 209

Research on Differentiated Instruction 210

Summary 211

Chapter 18 Metacognitive Strategy Instruction 213

What Is Metacognition? 214

Metacognitive Strategy Instruction 215

Steps in Metacognitive Strategy Instruction 216

Case Study: The STAR Metacognitive Strategy 218

Research on Metacognitive Instruction 220

Summary 220

Chapter 19 Feedback and Peer Evaluation 221

Guidelines for Teaching the Peer Evaluation Process 222

Peer Evaluation Formats 224

Research on Peer Evaluation and Feedback 225

Summary 227

Chapter 20 Goal Setting and Self-Evaluation 229

Guidelines for Goal Setting and Self-Monitoring 230

Research on Goal Setting and Progress Monitoring 231

Case Study: Goal Setting and Monitoring 232

Summary 233

Appendix A Meta-Analysis and Effect Size 235

Advantages of Meta-Analyses 236

Disadvantages of Meta-Analyses 237

Use of Meta-Analyses 238

References 239

Index 253

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