2013

2013

by R. Lataine Townsend

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ISBN-13: 9781452543437
Publisher: Balboa Press
Publication date: 12/29/2011
Pages: 328
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.73(d)

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2013

Beginning an Era of Hope and Harmony
By R. Lataine Townsend

Balboa Press

Copyright © 2011 R. Lataine Townsend
All right reserved.

ISBN: 978-1-4525-4343-7


Chapter One

The Ancestors

The Mayans started all this "twentytwelveology," as John Major Jenkins calls the "buzz" that is going around about the end of the Mayan calendar. There are many versions of and perspectives about this phenomenon, but it seems to have all started with the people from whom the Mayans descended – the "mother culture" – the Olmecs of eastern Mexico. However, there are correlations and corroborations from all over the planet about this significant year.

Did the ancestors of the mysterious Olmecs come across the Bering Strait 13,000 years ago at the end of the last Ice Age or more than 40,000 years ago, or were they "born out of a cave in the Underworld" as one legend relates? Mitochondrial DNA studies suggest that some Native Americans may have diverged genetically from the Siberians as early as 20,000 years ago. Modern scientific dating methods seem to be pushing all previous settlement dates back. Worked stone tools and charcoal found at Topper in South Carolina by Dr. Al Goodyear (University of South Carolina) have been radiocarbon dated to around 50,000 years ago (some dispute by other archaeologists); evidence of humans at the site is dated to 20,900 BCE. Stone tools, wooden implements, and hearths, found near Monte Verde, toward the southern tip of Chile, have recently been dated to around 22,000 BCE (other reports say 33,000 BCE).

One of the early well-established cultures of North America, the Clovis culture, is dated as early as 13,500 BCE. Recent archaeological finds at the Gault dig (a Clovis site) in Texas are exposing occupation spanning several hundred years and deep tests show evidence of an even earlier occupation. These people were primarily hunters of megafauna: extinct animals such as the mammoth, bison, horse and camel, which all disappeared from the North American continent some 11,000 to 12,000 years ago. It is curious that about 70% of the Clovis sites in North America have what has been called "an organic black mat" over the top. This "peaty covering" coincides with the extinction of mastodons, sloths, dire wolves, tapirs, palaeolamas and short-faced bears in addition to those animals mentioned above. This indicates an extended period of wet and cloudy weather. Just beneath the mat in all sites lies a layer of magnetic grains with iridium, glass-like carbon containing nanodiamonds, and fullerenes with extra-terrestrial helium. These represent the detritus of an explosive object – a comet, or some say an asteroid – which destabilized the Laurentide Ice Sheet that covered much of North America, causing fires to the south and rapid melting of the ice.

At the 2007 meeting of the American Geophysical Union one session explained that the "black mat" followed the explosion of a comet which was postulated to have hit near the Great Lakes or broken into pieces over the enormous ice sheet that covered Canada and the northern part of the U.S. at that time. (We shall examine other localized and planetary catastrophes from this time period later in our 'journey.') Did the catastrophic event or the extended lack of sunlight or both cause the extinctions and a change in the culture? Were the ancestors of the Olmecs from the Clovis culture? Most scientists say "no," though there is some evidence of that type culture in northern Mexico. The cultural markers are different further south. It may be that this cataclysm (around 10,000 BCE) is the one spoken of by the Mayans as the end of their Second Sun (we are now almost to the end their Fourth Sun or World Age which began 3114 BCE). On the other side of the Atlantic at this same time (10,000 BCE) the Rig Veda was composed in India, the Sphinx in Egypt was built (some disagreement on this date), metal blades were being used in France for reaping barley, and the Sahara was a lush, green savannah.

Were the Americas peopled from early Celtic Europe, southern Asia and the Polynesian islands, or the Mediterranean area? Others give credit to the early Phoenician sailors. Boats of tortora rush (reeds) almost identical to those in which the Pharaohs sailed the Nile have been crafted near Lake Titicaca, Peru, for hundreds, perhaps thousands of years and are still made at Suriqui, Peru. Scholars have confirmed the likeness, and legends there say the knowledge of these boats was given to them by the Viracocha people when Tiahuanaco and the surrounding area were much wetter. Geologists now say nearby Lake Titicaca, 12,500 feet above sea level, and the whole Altiplano is still gradually rising, especially in the northern part. The strand line on the lake is tilted, so we can deduce that this part of the hemisphere also suffered catastrophe at some point. So how did these "teachers" and ancestors of the Inca people come to Peru? Some say they travelled all the way from the homelands of the Olmec on the Gulf coast. Or were the Olmecs related to the ancient culture discovered by archaeologists off the coast of Brazil? It is not known, but few scholars believe the Americas were peopled from Polynesia.

Some posit that seafarers from the Canary Islands were blown westward to the Caribbean. Legends similar to the Mayas' have turned up in West Africa. The giant head sculptures originally at La Venta (an early Olmec city), some weighing as much as 30 tons, have African features, but some of the figurines found there appear almost oriental. Several Mesoamerican myths describe bearded men (full-blooded Amerindians have very little beard) who came from an "island" to the east and brought a philosophy of peace, and knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, and pyramid architecture. Atlantis? Yes, we will look at that point of view! (Who can argue with Plato?) Others say the Mayans' knowledge of the calendar and its vast timeline was gained from visionary "journeys" with hallucinogenic substances. Certainly, it is hard to imagine how they could have known that the center of the Milky Way was the "birthplace" of our world in any other way! From all that I researched, the theory of "multiple settling" of the western hemisphere is the most plausible. Sites in the eastern U.S. and cave paintings and hearths from the "white forest" in Brazil that have been carbon- dated to 36,000 and 17,000 years ago, respectively, help us come to this conclusion.

From a few ancient oral legends, some stone effigies, carved stelae (rock columns), and a few ancient step pyramids, now mostly covered by the jungle, many scholars place the beginning of the Olmec culture around 2000 BCE. This is contemporary with the building of the huge timber and stone monuments at Stonehenge and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. (Interesting side note: apparently Bab edh-Dhra (aka S & G) sat on a fault line, and was destroyed by an earthquake that forced combustible material to the surface; the ash found in the archaeological dig indicates that the cities burned after they were leveled.)

As with many ancient cultures, not a lot is known about the Olmecs, so they seem mysterious. The Books of Chilam Balam (Jaguar Priests), ancient Mayan religious texts, reported that the first inhabitants of the Yucatan were the "People of the Serpent." Their legends, which variously call the leader Itzamana, Kukulcan, or Quetzalcoatl, say he could cure by 'laying on hands' and that he "revived the dead." They arrived from the east in "a raft of serpents." Carlos Barrios, a modern shaman and member of the Mayan Elders Council, reports that in ancient stories told in the most traditional tribes, the Maya descended from a culture/place called Tula or Tulán, which also gave rise to cultures in Africa, India and Tibet. This original civilization, they say, was located on an island continent, now gone, in the Atlantic Ocean. (Note the name of the ocean from which they arrived.) The Popol Vuh, one of the few surviving Mayan stories, relates, "From there they came, from the East ..." The Annals of the Kaqchicheles tells a similar story. The Mam (a Mayan tribe) Grandfathers point to the ruins at Tulum as the only one facing the ocean and as one of the oldest. Some of the oldest settlements are found in Mam territory in western Guatemala. A pyramidal temple found in the Hacavitz Mountains of Guatemala, is claimed by the present-day Mayans to be 10,000 years old, which places it before the Olmec culture, and possibly contemporary with at least one of the early pyramids in Egypt. Barrios contends that, from the oral traditions and stele with dates thousands of years in the past, the Mam tribe existed before the catastrophe. But which catastrophe? Was it the one which nearly wiped out the earth in the 11th millennium BCE or a lesser catastrophe at the end of the Third Sun, 3114 BCE? This date may be the one of which the Judeo-Christian scriptures speak, from which Noah (of Old Testament legend) survived. Or perhaps the Mayan ancestors survived both! (Not the same persons, obviously!)

We call the time before written history, before 9,000 BCE, pre-history (though some scholars place the writing of the Rig Veda of India prior to that). We tend to assume that humankind prior to that date was primitive cave dwellers, but that stage of Homo sapiens occurred long before the era we refer to as The Blank. Although it appears that humans sprang "full blown" into "civilized" societies about 7,000 to 8,000 years ago, this was not the case. I believe, along with Barbara Hand Clow, Hunbatz Men (a present-day Yukatek Mayan spiritual guide from the Itza tradition), authors Gilbert and Cotterell and many others that there were highly developed cultures prior to 10,000 BCE. There were cities, governing councils, ocean-exploring navigators and a degree of technology. What happened to cause this "Blank" in the timeline and the almost complete erasure of previous accomplishments? We have alluded to and must now examine a worldwide catastrophe. The ancient texts speak of disasters that changed the planet. Mayan history tells of previous "suns" (ages) that ended cataclysmically. The geology confirms this.

Chapter Two

Catastrophes

Ancient reliefs in the Osireion Temple at Abydos depict the Pharaoh holding a pillar tilting 20 to 25 degrees off vertical (same as the axial tilt of our planet), then placing it upright to reestablish Maat (order on Earth). The four sections on top of the Djed pillar (See Illustration #1) are considered symbols for the equinoxes and solstices. Does this illustrate the event that tilted our planet?)

Such an occurrence would have set back all civilizations on earth at the time. Such mass confusion and devastation could easily have led to The Blank in historical records. Can you imagine what would happen if a major catastrophe of that scale happened today?

Archaeoastronomy has proven that some constructions at ancient sites in Egypt, the Americas, and other places were aligned with certain stars on specific dates and these dates have often been verified by radiocarbon dating. With each passing year scientists are uncovering more evidence of past worldwide catastrophes. There is much more to our delicate relationship with our near and far stellar and planetary neighbors than is widely discussed. Astronomers, with the help of satellite telescopes, are becoming much more precise in their calculations of sunspots (cycles of intense magnetic storms on the sun), electromagnetic radiation from the center of our galaxy, our solar system's path as it circles around our Milky Way galaxy, quasars and how all of these affect the residents of planet Earth.

We can now put all that together with the findings of geologists and anthropologists to form a picture of what may have happened in the past. Many areas north of 55 latitude (near the Arctic Circle) have great heaps, up to hundreds of feet thick and miles long, of extinct and modern animals thrown together, some with green vegetation in their mouths, bones broken, unputrified, as though frozen suddenly, along with masses of broken trees pushed together with sand and gravels. Vegetation remains found in these masses within the Arctic Circle is tropical in nature, indicating it grew nearer the equator. It seems all too massive, dislocated too far to be explained by a tsunami and too sudden to be explained by an ice age. The only reasonable explanation appears to be a shifting of the Earth's crust (lithosphere), perhaps combined with tidal waves that could cause such a huge worldwide disaster.

As with the evidence of the demise of the Clovis culture, the ash deposited at many sites indicates volcanism accompanied or followed the first wave of destruction. Scientists now say the Earth occasionally passes through areas of large clouds of interstellar dust which would carry an electromagnetic charge that would have a thermal effect on the planet, but this would probably not have had a sudden consequence. It could, however, account for the advance and retreat of the Ice Ages prior to 11,000 BCE. One or several meteorites could cause great damage and set off volcanoes depending on their size, but a large comet or planetoid hitting or coming very near the earth could certainly pull the nearest point of magnetism to another location, since the Earth's crust (only 3-25 miles thick) sits on an 1800-mile deep layer of molten magma.

The Yellowstone underground caldera, one of the largest known in the world, last erupted about 640,000 years ago, so geologists say. Whether this was precipitated by extra-terrestrial impact is not known, but it covered the North American continent in several feet of ash/dust and probably brought about a huge climate change. The comet or asteroid that hit near the Yucatan peninsula 65 million years ago, making the 175-kilometer Chicxulub (pronounced cheek'-sha-loob) crater, was the event that wiped out the dinosaurs and a large percentage of other species. 26 to 28 million years ago saw the last eruption of the La Garita in southern Colorado, leaving a huge caldera, one of the larger in the world. In times past this globe has taken some serious "hits."

These cataclysms bring up a more recent disaster: the one that Plato affirmed destroyed the island nation of Atlantis completely. So, why do we want to attribute this input of knowledge into the western hemisphere to the survivors of Atlantis? First, there are common elements, such as ziggurats/pyramids, legends/myths, and anthropological and archaeological discoveries that are similar from Egypt, Tibet, central and South America, even Asia, that appear to have a common source.

There are step pyramids and ziggurats (temple pyramids with larger terrace levels) distributed all over the globe: Indonesia, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Europe, China, and Africa (different types), as well as Mexico and Central America. The Great Pyramid of Cholula (known as Tlachihualtepetl, which is Nahuatle or Mayan for "artificial mountain"), a four-tiered ziggurat, is the world's largest pyramid by volume (according to Guinness Book of Records) with a total volume estimated at over 4.45 million cubic meters; it is 1476 x 1476 feet at the base. (The Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt, is about 2.5 million cubic meters.) Only one side of Cholula has been uncovered, but five miles of tunnels have been excavated, proving it was built over many centuries, by possibly four cultures, and may be as much as 3,000 years old. A mural discovered at Cholula, called the Drunkards, probably portrays the effects of a potion made of peyote. A circular step pyramid in the same area near Mexico City, partially excavated in the 1920s, had been buried on three sides by lava from a nearby volcanic eruption. An archaeologist for the National Geographic Society dated the ruins to around 6500 BCE due to the lava. It appears the building of pyramid-like structures started rather suddenly in the western hemisphere.

(Continues...)



Excerpted from 2013 by R. Lataine Townsend Copyright © 2011 by R. Lataine Townsend. Excerpted by permission of Balboa Press. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Table of Contents

Contents

1. INTRODUCTION....................1
The Journey....................3
2. THE MAYANS....................9
The Ancestors....................11
Catastrophes....................16
Atlantis....................20
The Olmecs....................30
Izapa, the Intermediate Culture....................36
The Mayan Culture....................40
3. TIME AND THE MAYAN CALENDAR....................55
Cycles....................57
Precession....................59
The Calendars....................64
The Stars....................67
4. ASTRONOMY AND ASTROLOGY....................71
Our Sun....................73
The Milky Way....................78
Other Dangers....................81
Effects on Humans....................84
Cosmic Influences....................86
Unified Theory or Dimensional Shift....................90
5. SIGNS AND PROPHECIES....................93
Predictions....................95
Dimensions....................98
Orbs....................103
Crop Circles....................106
Ancient and Indigenous Prophecies....................113
The Incas....................120
Healers....................125
Crystal Skulls....................127
Apocalyptic Predictions....................133
Modern Catastrophes and Predictions....................137
6. CONSCIOUSNESS....................143
The Burgeoning Consciousness Movement....................145
Consciousness Defined....................151
The Oneness Movement....................156
A Wealth of Encouragement....................158
The Science of Consciousness....................163
The Power of Intention....................167
Science and Spirituality....................175
The Universal Law of Attraction....................180
Perennial Wisdom....................186
Non-duality and Consciousness....................189
A Common Vision....................193
Our Energy Fields....................196
Reincarnation....................199
The Power of Thought....................204
Sages through the Ages....................209
Global Coherence and Mass Consciousness....................212
7. CONCLUSIONS....................221
The Journey....................223
The Web of Life....................226
The Names of Source....................229
Love and Heaven on Earth....................243
How Do We Get There From Here?....................248
Global Issues....................264
The Perfection of Hope, Harmony and Love....................275
Endnotes....................285

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