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Prentice Hall
3D Production Drafting and Presentation Using AutoCAD 2002 and 2000i / Edition 1

3D Production Drafting and Presentation Using AutoCAD 2002 and 2000i / Edition 1

by Fitzhugh L. Miller

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780130261700
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Publication date: 11/21/2001
Edition description: PACKAGE
Pages: 496
Product dimensions: 8.36(w) x 10.76(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Introduction1
Why 3D?2
Study Questions13
Chapter 2How to Use This Book15
The Theory Section15
The Command Line15
The Hands-On Section16
CD-ROM Exercise Drawings18
Study Questions18
Drawing Problems18
Chapter 3Two-Dimensional Representation19
Reducing 3D Objects to a 2D Plane19
Study Questions26
Chapter 4View27
View Control27
Line, XLINE, RAY, and Line Segments27
Basic View Controlling Commands27
Hidden Line Removal43
Laboratory Exercise 1View Control47
Laboratory Exercise 2Architectural51
Laboratory Exercise 3Manufacturing54
Study Questions55
Advanced View Controlling Commands55
Laboratory Exercise 4Viewports63
Study Questions64
Drawing Problem 1Viewport Setup64
Chapter 5Solid Modeler67
Primitive Solids Creation71
Laboratory Exercise 1Solid Stopping Block76
Creating Solids from Nonsolids85
Study Questions90
Drawing Problem 1Cam Lock91
Drawing Problem 2Courtroom91
Chapter 6User Coordinate System93
User Coordinate System Controls93
User Control of the UCS95
Display of the UCS Icon95
Laboratory Exercise 1UCS Control101
UCS Management106
Laboratory Exercise 2Multiple UCS Control111
Menu Locations112
Study Questions113
Drawing Problem 1Gazebo113
Drawing Problem 2Spar Clip115
Chapter 7Editing 3D Objects117
Standard Editing Commands117
3D Editing Commands117
3D-Editing Techniques119
Solid Model Editing Techniques127
Laboratory Exercise 1Kitchen Counter130
The SOLIDEDIT Command133
Laboratory Exercise 2Building139
Laboratory Exercise 3Building with SOLIDEDIT156
Study Questions173
Drawing Problem 1Building Additional Features173
Drawing Problem 2Electrical Inlet Cover176
Chapter 8Geometry179
Wire Frames181
Point Filters181
Typing Coordinates186
Slopes of Lines and Planes188
Laboratory Exercise 1Determine Band Shell Slope207
Laboratory Exercise 2Create Band Shell Slope212
Study Questions215
Drawing Problem 1Complete Bandshell215
Chapter 9Surface Modeler217
Width and Thickness217
Single Surfaces221
Complex Surfaces227
Laboratory Exercise 1Surface Stopping Block240
Menu Locations248
Study Questions250
Drawing Problem 1Modify Stopping Block250
Drawing Problem 2Lamp251
Chapter 10Multiple Views from a Model253
Paper Space253
Page Setup254
MVIEW and-VPORTS Commands254
First Approach254
Laboratory Exercise 1Manual View Setup255
Second Approach270
Laboratory Exercise 2Automated View Setup272
Menu Locations277
Study Questions278
Drawing Problem 1Sleeve Mount278
Chapter 11Three-Dimensional Architectural Details281
3D Residence282
Laboratory Exercise 1Boathouse303
Study Questions315
Drawing Problem 1Complete Boathouse316
Chapter 12Perspective317
Perspective Projection317
Vanishing Points323
Artists and Perspectives333
Controlling Perspective Views333
Laboratory Exercise 1Horizontal Electronic Frame334
Laboratory Exercise 2Vertical Electronic Frame340
Laboratory Exercise 3Stereo Views343
Study Questions346
Drawing Problem 1Heat Sink347
Drawing Problem 2Garage347
Drawing Problem 3Electronic Frame347
Chapter 13Render351
Menu Locations351
Advanced SHADEMODE357
Render Materials360
Landscaping and People375
Signs, Decals, and Other Surface Treatments381
Rendered Arc Smoothness382
Render Destination384
Render Scenes397
Laboratory Exercise 1Lamp and Coffee Table398
Material Mapping to Curved Surfaces417
Laboratory Exercise 2Cup and Puppy422
Laboratory Exercise 3Cooling Tower430
Ground Plane Shadows456
Stereo Pairs467
Study Questions468
Drawing Problem 1Render Boathouse469
Alternate Drawing Problem 1Render Garage469
Drawing Problem 2Render Robot Pincher469


This book has one underlying approach to all manufacturing and construction projects:

The design, documentation, visualization, and presentation of any object or project should all be from one three-dimensional data set.

The manufacturing industry has been using this approach with great success. With this approach, the object is designed in three dimensions. It is analyzed, studied, and refined, all in 3D. It is visualized and presented in 3D. It is documented sometimes in the traditional 2D format or in 3D, but in either case, it is the same data. The machining operations are directed from the 3D data. In every case, the data driving the visualizations, documentation, presentation, analyzation is the same. There are no duplicate versions (that is, one for presentations, one for documentation, and so on).

The notion of one data set for both documentation and presentation for construction projects is an idea not widely used. There is no reason why architectural details cannot come from 3D data—the same data used for the presentation. It makes construction more accurate, less error prone, and results in better-informed clients, because they can see the form of their building before it is built.

This book promotes this approach, and covers how to create 3D objects, view them, document them, and present them. Each chapter includes various theories and follow-along tutorials, study questions, and drawing problems. There are extensive explanations of AutoCAD's visualization tools. A comprehensive chapter is devoted to the AutoCAD renderer. Although the AutoCAD renderer typically rates but a few pages with simplistic explanations, textbook authorslike to use more sophisticated software for rendering, which requires that the presentation data be split off from the documentation data and imported into 3D Studio or the like. The AutoCAD renderer is really quite good but has been kept somewhat of a secret. In this text, AutoCAD's rendering power and flexibility have been explored in depth, negating the need for third-party software by most 3D users.

Because stereo computer monitors and presentation techniques are becoming more viable tools for every designer, I have included stereo images, a stereoscope, and instructions on how to create stereo images.

This textbook assumes the reader is a competent 2D AutoCAD user; this is not a beginner's book. Two-dimensional geometry, object creation, scale, layer management, dimensioning, layouts and paper space, and plotting are covered well enough in other texts.

This text is intended for the student, designer, and technician willing to take a step into the "real world," which is three-dimensional. Whether the reader is wearing one hat or all three, the continuum from design to production should be a seamless transition because they are, in fact, the same work.

The world is not two-dimensional; flat paper is just a convenience, not an end in itself.


I would like to acknowledge the reviewers of this text: Joseph Cirone, Oakton Community College (IL); Mark J. Clayton, Texas A & M University; Joe Kotowski, Oakton Community College (IL); and Mark Schwendau, Kishwaukee College (IL).

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