5 Steps to a 5: AP Biology 2019

5 Steps to a 5: AP Biology 2019

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Overview

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A PERFECT PLAN FOR THE PERFECT SCORE
Score-Raising Features Include:
•6 full-length practice exams, 3 in the book + 3 on Cross-Platform
•Hundreds of practice exercises with thorough answer explanations
•Comprehensive overview of the AP Biology exam format
•Practice questions that reflect grid-ins, multiple choice, and free-response question types, just like the ones you will see on test day
•Exercises that specifically address the calculational grid-in section
•Questions that represent a blend of fact-based and application material
•Proven strategies specific to each section of the test
BONUS CROSS-PLATFORM PREP COURSE for extra practice exams with personalized study plans, interactive tests, powerful analytics and progress charts, flashcards, games, and more! (see inside front and back covers for details)
The 5-Step Plan:
Step 1: Set up your study plan with three model schedules
Step 2: Determine your readiness with an AP-style Diagnostic Exam
Step 3: Develop the strategies that will give you the edge on test day
Step 4: Review the terms and concepts you need to achieve your highest score
Step 5: Build your confidence with full-length practice exams

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781260122817
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date: 07/16/2018
Pages: 368
Sales rank: 48,754
Product dimensions: 8.40(w) x 10.70(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Mark Anestis is a private test preparation tutor and co-author of McGraw-Hill’s SAT.


Kellie Ploeger Cox, PhD., teaches AP Biology at the Hopkins School in New Haven, CT.

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

About the Authors xv

Introduction: The Five-Step Program xvii

The Four "Big Ideas" of AP Biology xxi

Step 1 Set Up Your Study Program

1 What You Need to Know About the AP Biology Exam 3

Background of the Advanced Placement Program 3

Who Writes the AP Biology Exam 4

The AP Grades and Who Receives Them 4

Reasons for Taking the AP Biology Exam 4

Questions Frequently Asked About the AP Biology Exam 5

2 How to Plan Your Time 8

Three Approaches to Preparing for the AP Biology Exam 8

Calendar for Each Plan 10

Step 2 Determine Your Test Readiness

3 Take a Diagnostic Exam 15

Diagnostic Exam: AP Biology 19

Answers and Explanations 29

Scoring and Interpretation 38

Step 3 Develop Strategies for Success

4 How to Approach Each Question Type 41

Multiple-Choice Questions 42

Free-Response Questions 42

Step 4 Review the Knowledge You Need to Score High

5 Chemistry 47

Introduction 47

Elements, Compounds, Atoms, and Ions 47

Lipids, Carbohydrates, and Proteins 49

Enzymes 53

pH: Acids and Bases 55

Reactions 55

Review Questions 56

Answers and Explanations 57

Rapid Review 58

6 Cells 59

Introduction 59

Types of Cells 60

Organelles 60

Cell Membranes: Fluid Mosaic Model 62

Types of Cell Transport 63

Review Questions 64

Answers and Explanations 66

Rapid Review 67

7 Respiration 69

Introduction 69

Aerobic Respiration 70

Anaerobic Respiration 76

Review Questions 78

Answers and Explanations 79

Rapid Review 80

8 Photosynthesis 81

Introduction 81

The Players in Photosynthesis 82

The Reactions of Photosynthesis 83

Types of Photosynthesis 88

Review Questions 90

Answers and Explanations 91

Rapid Review 92

9 Cell Division 94

Introduction 94

Cell Division in Prokaryotes 95

The Cell Cycle 95

Mitosis 96

Control of Cell Division 97

Haploid Versus Diploid Organisms 98

Meiosis 98

Life Cycles 101

Sources of Cell Variation 102

Review Questions 103

Answers and Explanations 104

Rapid Review 104

10 Heredity 106

Introduction 106

Terms Important in Studying Heredity 107

Mendel and His Peas 108

Intermediate Inheritance 109

Other Forms of Inheritance 110

Sex Determination and Sex Linkage 112

Linkage and Gene Mapping 113

Heads or Tails? 114

Pedigrees 114

Common Disorders 116

Chromosomal Complications 117

Review Questions 118

Answers and Explanations 121

Rapid Review 123

11 Molecular Genetics 125

Introduction 125

DNA Structure and Function 126

RNA Structure and Function 127

Replication of DNA 127

Transcription of DNA 129

RNA Processing 130

Translation of RNA 131

Gene Expression 133

The Genetics of Viruses 134

The Genetics of Bacteria 135

Genetic Engineering 136

Review Questions 138

Answers and Explanations 140

Rapid Review 141

12 Evolution 144

Introduction 145

Definition of Evolution 145

Natural Selection 146

Lamarck and Darwin 147

Adaptations 148

Types of Selection 148

Evolution Patterns 150

Sources of Variation 150

Speciation 151

When Evolution Is Not Occurring: Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium 152

The Evidence for Evolution 153

Macroevolution 154

How Life Probably Emerged 155

Review Questions 157

Answers and Explanations 158

Rapid Review 159

13 Taxonomy and Classification 161

Introduction 161

Five or Six Kingdoms? 162

Kingdom Monera 162

Endosymbiotic Theory 163

Kingdom Protista 164

Kingdom Plantae 166

Kingdom Fungi 168

Kingdom Animalia 169

Review Questions 172

Answers and Explanations 173

Rapid Review 173

14 Plants 175

Introduction 175

Anatomy of Plants 176

Roots 176

The Shoot System 177

Plant Hormones 178

Plant Tropisms 179

Photoperiodism 180

Go with the Flow: Osmosis, Capillary Action, Cohesion-Tension Theory, and Transpiration 180

The Clanging of the Guard: Regulating Stomas Activity 181

"Move Over, Sugar": Carbohydrate Transport Through Phloem 181

Review Questions 182

Answers and Explanations 183

Rapid Review 183

15 Human Physiology 185

Introduction 185

Circulatory System 186

Respirarory System 187

Digestive System 189

Control of the Internal Environment 190

Nervous System 193

Muscular System 196

Endocrine System 198

Immune System 200

Review Questions 203

Answers and Explanations 205

Rapid Review 205

16 Human Reproduction 208

Introduction 208

Sex Differences 209

Anatomy 209

Embryonic Development 213

The Influence of Hormones 216

Review Questions 217

Answers and Explanations 218

Rapid Review 219

17 Behavioral Ecology and Ethology 221

Introduction 221

Types of Animal Learning 222

Animal Movement 223

Animal Communication 225

Review Questions 226

Answers and Explanations 227

Rapid Review 227

18 Ecology in Further Detail 229

Introduction 229

Population Ecology and Growth 230

Life History Strategies 233

Community and Succession 234

Trophic Levels 236

Biomes 238

Biogeochemical Cycles 239

Review Questions 240

Answers and Explanations 242

Rapid Review 243

19 Laboratory Review 245

Introduction 245

Investigation 1: Artificial Selection 246

Investigation 2: Mathematical Modeling: Hardy-Weinberg 246

Investigation 3: Comparing DNA Sequences to Understand Evolutionary Relationships with BLAST 248

Investigation 4: Diffusion and Osmosis 249

Investigation 5: Photosynthesis 251

Investigation 6: Cellular Respiration 252

Investigation 7: Cell Division: Mitosis and Meiosis 253

Investigation 8: Biotechnology: Bacterial Transformation 256

Investigation 9: Biotechnology: Restriction Enzyme Analysis of DNA 257

Investigation 10: Energy Dynamics 258

Investigation 11: Transpiration 259

Investigation 12: Fruit Fly Behavior 260

Investigation 13: Enzyme Activity 261

Review Questions 263

Answers and Explanations 264

Rapid Review 265

Step 5 Build Your Test-Taking Confidence

AP Biology Practice Exam 1 273

AP Biology Practice Exam 2 295

Bibliography 319

Websites 321

Glossary 323

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