50 Imaging Studies Every Doctors Should Know presents key studies that have shaped the practice of radiology. Selected using a rigorous methodology, the studies cover topics including: headache, back pain, chest pain, abdominal and pelvic pain, bone, joint, and extremity pain, cancer screening and management, and radiation exposure from medical imaging. For each study, a concise summary is presented with an emphasis on the results and limitations of the study, and its implications for practice. An illustrative clinical case and radiologic image conclude each review, followed by brief information on other relevant studies. This book is a must-read for health care professionals and anyone who wants to learn more about the data behind clinical practice.
About the Author
Christoph Lee is an Associate Professor of Radiology and an Adjunct Associate Professor of Health Services at the University of Washington in Seattle, Washington.
Table of ContentsSection I: Headache 1. CT for Minor Head Injury: The New Orleans Criteria 2. Identifying Children with Low-Risk Head Injuries Who Do Not Require CT 3. Rule Out Subarachnoid Hemorrhage for Headache 4. MRI versus CT for Detecting Acute Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Stroke Patients: The HEME Study 5. Quantitative CT Score in Predicting Outcome of Hyperacute Stroke: The ASPECTS Study 6. Imaging Selection and Endovascular Treatment for Ischemic Stroke: The MR RESCUE Trial 7. Imaging Tests for Diagnosis of Carotid Artery Stenosis 8. Carotid Artery Stenosis Screening Section II: Back Pain 9. Vertebroplasty for Osteoporotic Spinal Fractures: The INVEST Trial 10. Cervical Spine Imaging in Blunt Trauma Patients: The NEXUS Study 11. Cervical Spine Imaging in Alert and Stable Trauma Patients: Validation of the Canadian C-Spine Rule 12. MRI for Low Back Pain 13. Abnormal MRI of the Lumbar Spine without Back Pain 14. Follow-up MRI for Sciatica 15. Early Imaging for Back Pain in Older Adults: The BOLD Study Section III: Chest Pain 16. CT for Pulmonary Embolism: The PIOPED II Trial 17. Diagnosing Acute Pulmonary Embolism: The Christopher Study 18. CT Angiography Versus V/Q Scans to Rule Out Pulmonary Embolism 19. Screening for Coronary Artery Disease in Asymptomatic Patients with Diabetes: The DIAD Study 20. Diagnostic Performance of CT Coronary Angiography: The CorE 64 Study 21. CT Angiography for Discharge of Acute Coronary Syndrome 22. Coronary CT Angiography in Acute Chest Pain: The ROMICAT-II Trial 23. Coronary Artery Calcium Score and Risk Classification Section IV: Abdominal and Pelvic Pain 24. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening: The MASS Study 25. Imaging Appendicitis in Children 26. Low-Dose CT for Suspected Appendicitis in Young Adults 27. Multidetector CT for Acute Appendicitis in Adults 28. Uterine Artery Embolization for Fibroids: The REST Trial 29. Imaging for Suspected Nephrolithiasis: The STONE Trial 30. Imaging-Guided Biopsy for Diagnosing Prostate Cancer Section V: Bone, Joint, and Extremity Pain 31. Decision Rules for Imaging Acute Ankle Injuries: The Ottawa Ankle Rules 32. Decision Rules for Imaging Acute Knee Injuries: The Ottawa Knee Rules 33. Incidental Meniscal Findings on Knee MRI 34. Decision Rules for Bone Densitometry Testing 35. Repeat Bone Mineral Density Screening and Osteoporotic Fracture Prediction 36. Ultrasound for Diagnosing Suspected Deep Vein Thrombosis Section VI: Cancer Screening and Management 37. The Cochrane Review of Screening Mammography 38. Breast Cancer Screening in Younger and Older Average-Risk Women 39. Efficacy of Screening Breast MRI for High-Risk Women: The MRISC Study 40. Performance of Digital Versus Screen-Film Mammography: The DMIST Trial 41. Breast MRI for Women with Recently Diagnosed Breast Cancer: The ACRIN 6667 Trial 42. Supplemental Ultrasound Screening for Women at Increased Breast Cancer Risk: The ACRIN 6666 Trial 43. Chest Radiograph Screening for Lung Cancer: The PLCO Cancer Screening Trial 44. Low-Dose CT Screening for Lung Cancer: The NLST Trial 45. Management of Lung Nodules Detected by CT 46. 3D CT Colonography for Colorectal Cancer Screening 47. National CT Colonography Trial: The ACRIN 6664 Trial Section VII: Radiation Exposure from Medical Imaging 48. Cancer Risk from Pediatric CT 49. Imaging Utilization Trends and Radiation Exposure 50. Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation from Medical Imaging