Pub. Date:
Amsterdam University Press
80 Years of Research at the Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (1914-1994): The Role of the Nat. Lab. at Philips

80 Years of Research at the Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium (1914-1994): The Role of the Nat. Lab. at Philips

by Marc J. de Vries, F. Kees Boersman


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789085550518
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Publication date: 12/31/2007
Series: Amsterdam University Press - Care and Welfare Ser.
Pages: 328
Product dimensions: 6.69(w) x 9.61(h) x 0.69(d)

About the Author

Marc J. de Vries is assistant professor of the philosophy of technology at the Eindhoven University of Technology and affiliate professor of reformational philosophy at the Delft University of Technology, both in the Netherlands.

Table of Contents

1. The Role of a Research Organization in an Industrial Company:  Motives and Themes for Writing the History of the Philips Nat.Lab.
2. Prologue:  The Nat. Lab.'s Early Years (1914-1923)
Part I.  The Nat.Lab. as a Growth and Diversification Factor in the Philips Company (1923-1946)
3. Developing a Research Organization for a Diversifying Company
3.1 Philips and Technological and Economic Developments in the Netherlands in the 1923-1946 Period
3.2 Supporting Company Diversification as a Nat.Lab. Goal
3.3 Increasing the Laboratory's Means
3.4 The Culture and Structures for the Diversifying Research Programme
3.5 Influencing the Company
4. Research for Diversification in Action
4.1 Gas Discharges and mercury Lamps
4.2 X-ray Tubes
4.3 Ferrites
4.4 Research Rules Reconsidered
Intermezzo I. The German Occupation and the Transition Years (1940-1946)
Part II.  An Autonomous Lab alongside Autonomous Product Divisions (1946-1972)
5. A Reserach Organization alongside Autonomous Product Divisions
5.1 The Economic, Social and Scientific Context in the 1950s and 1960s
5.2 A New Task Profile for the Nat.Lab
5.3 Further Increase of Means
5.4 Culture and Structure for a 'Fundamental' Research Lab in an Industrial Company
5.5 Tensions in the Relationships with PDs
6. The Practice of Autonomous Research
6.1 The Stirling Engine
6.2 The Plumbicon
6.3 LOCOS: LOCal Oxidation of Silicon
6.4 The VLP
6.5 Inventions and Innovations
Intermezzo II.  Changing Attitudes towards Science and Technology (1966-1972)
Part III.  The Road towards Mutual Commitment (1972-1994)
7. Redirecting the Research Organization for Mutual Commitment
7.1 The Problematic Economic Climate
7.2 Towards a PD-oriented Task Profile
7.3 Limited Resources
7.4 Changes in the Lab Culture
7.5 Increasing Co-operation with PDs
8. Examples of the Road towards Mutual Commitment
8.1 Optical Telecommunications
8.2 Integrated Digital Audio Converters
8.3 Magnetic Recording Heads for Consumer Video Cassette Recorders
8.4 A Knowledge Centre for the Company
9. Epilogue: The Dynamics of the Nat.Lab. as a Professional Organization within the Philips Company
9.1 Changes in the Role of the Nat.Lab.
9.2 The Nature of Industrial Research
9.3 Comparison with other Industrial Research Laboratories
List of Figures

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