A Century of War : Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order

A Century of War : Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order

by F. William Engdahl


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This Book is a Gripping Account of the Murky World of The Anglo-American Oil Industry and its Hidden Role in World Politics.

The book sheds light for the first time on such events as the 1973 oil shock - a sudden 400% rise in the price of the world's most essential commodity in a matter of weeks. What William Engdahl reveals, with flawless documentation, will shock most people. The implications are even more devastating. He also documents how oil played an essential role in the ultimate collapse of the Soviet Union, in the rise and fall of the Taliban in Afghanistan, in the US occupation of Iraq and countless other events not normally understood in such a light.

His most recent books are entitled Gods of Money: Wall Street and the Death of the American Century and Full Spectrum Dominance: Totalitarian Democracy in the New World Order. He lives in Germany and is active as a consulting political risk economist.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781615774920
Publisher: Progressive Pr
Publication date: 02/29/2012
Edition description: New
Pages: 333
Sales rank: 308,845
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Author's Introduction to the 2011 English Edition iii

Preface to 2004 edition vii

1 The Three Pillars of the British Empire 1

Free Trade and the Sinews of British Power 3

Britain's 'Informal Empire' 6

The Great Depression of 1873 9

2 The Lines are Drawn: Germany and the Geopolitics of the Great War 15

Germany's Wirtschaftswunder 15

A Berlin Bank Panic 19

The Necessity of Ship and Rail Infrastructure 20

3 A Global Fight for Control of Petroleum Begins 25

A British Admiral sees beyond lamp oil 25

D'Arcy captures the secret of the burning rocks 26

By rail from Berlin to Baghdad 28

The new Dreadnaughts 34

Earl Grey's fateful Paris trip 36

Fashoda, Witte, Great Projects and Great Mistakes 37

4 Oil Becomes the Weapon, the Near East the Battleground 43

A Bankrupt Britain Goes to War 43

Oil in the Great War 46

The Secret Eastern War 48

'Selling the same horse twice' 51

Arthur Balfour's fateful letter to Lord Rothschild 53

Balfour backs the new concept of Empire 55

5 Combined & Conflicting Goals: U.S. Rivals Britain 61

Morgan finances the British war 61

New York bankers challenge the City of London 67

England Moves for Oil Supremacy 70

Churchill and the Arab Bureau 72

A Battle for Control of Mexico 73

The secret of British Oil control 74

6 The Anglo-Americans Close Ranks 79

A conference in Genoa 79

Sinclair and the American bid 80

Germany Tries to Outflank the British 82

Military Occupation of the Ruhr 85

The Real Origins of the Weimar Hyperinflation 86

An Anglo-American Red Line 90

Deterding, Montagu Norman and Schacht's 'Hitler Project' 91

7 Oil and a New World Order of Bretton Woods 103

A New Empire rises from the ashes of war 103

The Dollar Standard, 'Big Oil' and New York Banks 105

Marshall Plan forms postwar oil hegemony 107

The power of New York Banks tied to U.S. Oil 109

Mohammed Mossadegh takes on Anglo-American oil 110

Italy attempts independence in oil and development 117

Mattei's bold development initiative 119

8 A Sterling Crisis and the Adenauer-de Gaulle Threat 127

Continental Europe emerges from the rubble of war 127

Anglo-American grand design against Europe 130

1957: America at the turning point 131

'That 58 Chevy…' 133

The dollar wars of the 1960's 135

The Vietnam option is taken 138

The beginnings of America's internal rot 141

Sterling, the weak link, breaks 145

De Gaulle is toppled 150

9 Running the World Economy in Reverse: Who Made the 1970's Oil Shocks? 155

Nixon pulls the plug 155

An unusual meeting in Saltsjoebaden 158

Kissinger's Yom Kippur oil shock 164

The economic impact of the oil shock 167

Taking the bloom off the 'nuclear rose' 170

Developing the Anglo-American green agenda 173

Population control becomes US 'national security' 177

10 Europe, Japan and a Response to the Oil Shock 181

'Petrodollar Monetary Order' devastates the developing world 181

From Colombo comes a political earthquake 188

Atoms for Peace becomes a Casus Belli 194

Gold, dollar crises and dangerous new potentials from Europe 198

The 'Crash of 1979': Iran and Volcker 202

11 Imposing the New World Order 215

Paul Volcker borrows a British model 215

Gunboat diplomacy, and a Mexican initiative 222

Wall Street replays the 1920's, IMF-style 231

Reagan's chickens come home to roost 239

'We'll get by with a little help from our friends…' 248

The fall of a wall panics some circles 250

Saddam: Operation Desert Storm and a New World Order 255

The target: an independent Europe and Japan 261

12 From Evil Empire to the Axis of Evil 267

Finding the new bogeyman 267

Japan: wounding the lead goose 269

Phase Two: hunting Asian Tigers 273

Washington revisits Halford Mackinder 276

Russia gets IMF third world cure 279

Yugoslavia gets the shock therapy 284

U.S. oil geopolitics in the Balkans 288

13 A New Millennium for Oil Geopolitics 297

Bush brings big oil back to Washington 297

'where the prize ultimately lies…' 299

'The New American Century' 302

From Kabul to Baghdad: war on terror or war on oil? 304

'You've got to go where the oil is…' 307

Putin's Energy Trump Card 311

Controlling Russia and its energy 313

Oil and bases-controlling the spigots 316

'Full spectrum dominance' 320

Appendix I 327

Founding members of Trilateral Commission in 1973 327

Appendix II 331

Some participants at Saltsjoebaden, Sweden meeting of Bilderberg Group on May 11-13-1973 331

Index 335

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A Century of War : Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 3 reviews.
abuannie on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
I'd love to give it 10 stars. It is a brilliant book, and in the words of one Amazon reviewer: "This book is an eye-opener, and it is also very disturbing because suddenly one realizes that the simplified course of history that we have been taught is in fact a lot more complex..." It shows how access to, and dominance of, energy supply has been the root cause of war over the ages -- from wood to coal, and now to oil.
Truth-Starved More than 1 year ago
If you think the age of Empires is over, think again. This book exposes the shananagans and back room deals that are made in secret and in high places which ultimately take us to war. And are these deals primarily geo-political and a matter of national security? NO! Instead, think: control of world sea lanes, banking and finance, and strategic raw materials (pg. 50) Think also, secret societies and secret operations: the Roundtable, CIA covert ops/assassinations, Bilderberg, CFR, and yes, even Anglo-American backing for Hitler. It appears Plato was on to something...we live in a cave of illusions. Engdahl's book goes a long way to articulating the various historical connections that get by most of us dependent upon the mainstream "news".
Guest More than 1 year ago
This fascinating book examines the huge role that oil played in the 20th century. The rival empiresf struggle for the Middle Eastfs oil was one of the causes of the First World War. Control of this resource was one of World War Twofs great prizes. The oil price rises of the 1970s made the North Sea and Alaska fields profitable and led to the petrodollar monetary system, based on speculation not investment, profit not production. Oil money has always funded the environmental and anti-nuclear movements. The Rockefeller Brothersf Fund financed the 1970s Club of Rome report eLimits to Growthf, which proposed a epost-industrialf policy, meaning edestroy industry and stop developmentf. The oil-funded International Institute for the Environment and Development (board member Roy Jenkins) produced the book eOnly One Earthf, which also promoted epost-industrialismf. The German environmentalist Petra Kelly worked for the Ford Foundation-funded National Resources Defense Council. Oil companies funded the Aspen Institute (board member war criminal Robert McNamara), whose operatives ran the 1972 UN Environment Conference. The Atlantic Richfield Oil Company funded Friends of the Earth, and bought the Observer to spread the anti-industry message. In 1979, Thatcher and Reagan carried out the anti-industry programme, destroying industries and causing record debts and deficits, which pay Wall Street bond dealers and their clients record sums in interest income. Vice-President Dick Cheney says, gYoufve got to go where the oil ish, summing up much of world history since 1900. Sure enough, oil fuels imperial seizures in the Caspian Sea, Venezuela, Yugoslavia (which the USA and EU destroyed, leading to permanent US military bases in Kosovo, like Camp Bondsteel astride the pipeline route from the Caspian), and Afghanistan, a handy pipeline route, which Bush and Blair attacked and occupy. Most important is the Middle East, where, as the group Project for a New American Century said, gThe United States has for decades sought to play a more permanent role in Gulf regional security.h Now the US state intends to occupy Iraq and run its oil exports, permanently.