A Conceptual Guide to Thermodynamics / Edition 1

A Conceptual Guide to Thermodynamics / Edition 1

by Bill Poirier
ISBN-10:
1118840534
ISBN-13:
9781118840535
Pub. Date:
09/29/2014
Publisher:
Wiley

Paperback

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Overview

A Conceptual Guide to Thermodynamics / Edition 1

Thermodynamics is the science that describes the behavior ofmatter at the macroscopic scale, and how this arises fromindividual molecules. As such, it is a subject of profoundpractical and fundamental importance to many science andengineering fields. Despite extremely varied applications rangingfrom nanomotors to cosmology, the core concepts of thermodynamicssuch as equilibrium and entropy are the same across alldisciplines. 

A Conceptual Guide to Thermodynamics serves as a concise,conceptual and practical supplement to the major thermodynamicstextbooks used in various fields. Presenting clear explanations ofthe core concepts,  the book aims to improve fundamentalunderstanding of the material, as well as homework and examperformance. 

Distinctive features include:

  • Terminology and Notation Key:  A universaltranslator that addresses the myriad of conventions, terminologies,and notations found across the major thermodynamics texts.
  • Content Maps:  Specific references to eachmajor thermodynamic text by section and page number for each newconcept that is introduced.
  • Helpful Hints and Don’t Try Its:  Numeroususeful tips for solving problems, as well as warnings of commonstudent pitfalls.
  • Unique Explanations: Conceptually clear, mathematicallyfairly simple, yet also sufficiently precise andrigorous. 

A more extensive set of reference materials,  includingolder and newer editions of the major textbooks, as well as anumber of less commonly used titles, is available online at http://www.conceptualthermo.com. 

Undergraduate and graduate students of chemistry, physics,engineering, geosciences and biological sciences will benefit fromthis book, as will students preparing for graduate school entranceexams and MCATs.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781118840535
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 09/29/2014
Pages: 184
Product dimensions: 7.20(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

Professor Bill Poirier, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Texas Tech University, USA
Professor Poirier is Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Joint Professor of Physics at Texas Tech University, where he has held research positions since 2001. His research is concerned with the development and application of new methods for performing accurate quantum dynamics calculations with unprecedented computational efficiency, to allow calculations for larger systems than ever before. This has wide ranging applications in areas including astrophysics, environmental, atmospheric and combustion chemistry, materials, and hydrogen storage.
Professor Poirier has extensive teaching experience at undergraduate and graduate level, teaching undergraduate courses in general chemistry and physical chemistry, and graduate courses in chemical kinetics, molecular spectroscopy and statistical mechanics.

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

Textbook Guide xv

0.1 List of Thermodynamics Textbooks by Discipline xv

0.2 Terminology and Notation Used in This Book xvi

0.3 Terminology and Notation Used in Textbooks xviii

1 About This Book 1

1.1 Who Should Use This Book? 2

1.2 Philosophy of This Book 3

1.3 Four Core Concepts of Thermodynamics 3

1.4 How to Use This Book 5

I Equilibrium

2 Philosophy of Thermodynamics 11

2.1 Thermodynamics 11

2.2 Scientific Models & Laws 12

2.3 Statistical Mechanics 14

3 Thermodynamic States, Variables & Quantities 17

3.1 Thermodynamic Variables & Quantities 17

3.2 More on Thermodynamic Quantities 19

3.3 Thermodynamic & Molecular States 20

4 Zeroth Law & Thermodynamic Equilibrium 23

4.1 Equation of State 23

4.2 Thermodynamic Equilibrium 26

4.3 Zeroth Law 27

4.4 Ideal Gases & Non-ideal Systems 29

II Energy

5 Molecular Energy, Internal Energy, & Temperature33

5.1 Energy at the Molecular Scale 33

5.2 Internal Energy 35

5.3 Intermolecular Interactions & the Kinetic Model 37

5.4 Equipartition Theorem & Temperature 38

6 Boltzmann Distribution & the Kinetic Model 41

6.1 Boltzmann Distribution 41

6.2 Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution 42

6.3 Maxwell Distribution of Speeds 44

III Thermodynamic Change

7 First Law & Thermodynamic Change 49

7.1 System & Surroundings 49

7.2 Thermodynamic Change 50

7.3 First Law 52

8 Work, Heat, & Reversible Change 55

8.1 State Functions & Path Functions 55

8.2 Definition of Work 57

8.3 Definition of Heat 59

8.4 Reversible & Irreversible Change 60

8.5 A Gas Expansion Example 62

9 Partial Derivative Quantities 65

9.1 Internal Energy & Heat Capacity at Constant Volume66

9.2 Enthalpy & Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure 67

9.3 Other Partial Derivative Quantities 70

9.4 Partial Derivatives & Differentials 71

IV Entropy

10 Entropy & Information Theory 77

10.1 Why Does Entropy Seem So Complicated? 77

10.2 Entropy as Unknown Molecular Information 79

10.3 Amount of Information 80

10.4 Application to Thermodynamics 84

11 Entropy & Ideal Gas 87

11.1 Measuring Our Molecular Ignorance 87

11.2 Volume Contribution to Entropy 88

11.3 Temperature Contribution to Entropy 91

11.4 Combined Entropy Expression 92

11.5 Entropy, Heat, & Reversible Adiabatic Expansion 94

12 Second Law & Spontaneous Irreversible Change97

12.1 Heat Engines & Thermodynamic Cycles 97

12.2 Traditional Statements of the Second Law 98

12.3 Entropy Statement of the Second Law 99

12.4 Information Statement of the Second Law 100

12.5 Maximum Entropy & the Clausius Inequality 103

13 Third Law, Carnot Cycle, & Absolute Entropy107

13.1 Entropy & Reversible Change 107

13.2 Carnot Cycle & Absolute Zero Temperature 109

13.3 Third Law & Absolute Entropy 111

V FreeEnergy

14 Free Energy & Exergy 115

14.1 What Would Happen If Entropy Were a Variable? 116

14.2 Helmholtz and Gibbs Free Energies 117

14.3 Second Law & Maximum Work 119

14.4 Exergy 121

15 Chemical Potential, Fugacity, & Open Systems123

15.1 What Would Happen If n Were a Variable? 123

15.2 Chemical Potential 125

15.3 Ideal Gas & Fugacity 126

VI Applications

16 Crazy Gay-Lussac’s Gas Expansion Emporium131

16.1 Sales Pitch 131

16.2 How to Solve Gas Expansion Problems 132

16.3 Comprehensive Compendium 135

17 Electronic Emporium: Free Online Shopping! 139

VII Appendices

Appendix A: Beards Gone Wild! Facial Hair & the FoundingFathers of Thermodynamics 143

Appendix B: Thermodynamics, Abolitionism, & Sha Na Na147

Appendix C: Thermodynamics & the Science of Steampunk149

Steampunk Gallery 151

Travel Try Its 153

Photo Credits 155

Index 159

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