A Defiant Nation

A Defiant Nation

by Clifford Simmie Tyus

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781546202844
Publisher: AuthorHouse
Publication date: 08/09/2017
Pages: 424
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.94(d)

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CHAPTER 1

"Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people (nation)" (Proverb 14:34)

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The vast land of the North American Continent was stretched out at the Word of God, and the natives of the land were given dominion over all the land. For hundreds of years, the natives of the land lived in peace with one another. They built their homes in the open plains, the rolling hills, and on the banks of the rivers. God had provided an abundance of game for their food, and the earth yielded its fruit for them in abundant proportions.

One peaceful day while the natives of the land rested and reflected upon the richness of the land God had provided for them, a ship slowly sailed into the bay near a large rock on the eastern shores. Strange looking men lowered themselves into small rowboats and rowed themselves to the land's sandy shore along the Atlantic Ocean.

Once the men were ashore and they saw the richness of the land, their hearts began to glow with greed, and without knowing it; they broke the peace of the land when they touched the soil with their feet. And in doing so they literally stole the peaceful rest, and defiled the livelihood of the native caretakers forever.

Without regard for the native caretakers, the men on the ship left to spread the good news to all of Europe and Spain that they had found paradise in a new land that was abundantly rich in gold, and silver, and that it was big enough for every man to have a share of the land and its riches.

Men and women began to flock to the new land to captivate their dreams of being rich. The men who reported the information to them told them not to regard the original property owners because they were dumb savages and could be easily controlled by civilized men.

The transport of the fortune seekers from European nations became very profitable for the ship owners, because the willingness of the people to pay large amounts of money to be transported to the new-found land would make them very rich.

One day a trusted subject directed a brilliant idea to the King of England to develop and implement a condition of release of prisoners from confinement if they agreed to board ships for a new life in the newfound land. This would rid England of its entire criminal minded and undesirable people. The King jumped at the opportunity to rid England of it imprisoned cutthroats and with his Royal Seal affixed to a document the plan was immediately implemented through a contract with local ship owners, and offered another opportunity for the ship owners to increase their wealth even further.

Now the land that was originally set aside by God for the native people would receive an even greater challenge with the influx of criminal minded people who could not be trusted beyond the tip of their noses.

The precious land had now been greatly disturbed with the white skinned people taking possession of its most advantage points nearest the waterways, and cutting down the tall trees that provided coolness during the hot summer months. The native people began to ask themselves questions, "Where will we fish? Why should we allow these people to take our land? Where do these people come from, and who sent them? Should we move further west to avoid contact with these people?"

The Europeans also asked questions among themselves, "How much gold and silver is in this place? The people look like they are from India, should we call them Indians? We are wondering if they are holding large amounts of gold in their villages. Should we move in and take some of the gold they have? How far should we extend our jurisdictions?"

The questions from both sides if acted on, could lead to armed conflict: because one side was in the process of taking anything they wanted, and the other side considered themselves as victims of invasion. The European settlers had taken the much-needed waterways away from the native people, and were extracting sacred gold from the rocks and ground of Native land.

One day the native people decided they had taken enough from the Europeans, and decided to band their tribes together to challenge the continuous expansion of the territories occupied by these people; therefore, they decided to fight rather than lose their land to them, thus the armed conflicts between the Europeans and the native people were intensified to the point that the Europeans began to fortify their settlement to protect them against attacks from the Natives.

By the early 1600's many of the native tribes had resettled a great distance from the eastern shores hoping the Europeans would not dare to expand their occupied territories any further than the mountain ranges. However, the European population in the new land had grown tremendously, to the point that expansion became necessary to resolve the crowded conditions that were being created with the arrival of each ship. Some of the settlers were becoming wealthy in gold, silver, and farming; therefore, the realization that laborers were necessary to help them maintain their fiscal growth, the wealthiest citizens petitioned England to send indentured servants (bonded laborers) to the Colonial settlements. England seized the opportunity to rid herself of additional undesirables by giving prisoners a choice of remaining in the prisons or signing a contract to serve, for as long as seven years in the new land to pay off their penalties, and then they would be set free.

The indentured work program lasted for a while, but by 1611 most of the white workers had completed their contracts, died, or had run away from the colonies and started their own lives beyond the existing colonial territories.

Faced with the prospect of failed crops and no hope for more laborers to be sent from England, coupled with the continued resistance from Native slaves, the settlers were drawn to the idea of contracting with slave traders to bring African slaves to the colonies to do the work. They had heard about African slaves being sold to plantation owners in the West Indies.

By 1619, the ships had begun to bring African slaves to the new land. Those who bought the slaves had difficult times at first in attempting to maintain their human properties, until a blacksmith in Virginia came up with the idea to make and sell iron shackles like those used in England's prisons. This brought a sigh of relief to the slave owners, as they could secure the slaves at night by placing them in the shackles with attached iron chains to prevent the slaves from running away.

With the development of larger plantations in America because of the European increase in demand for grain, sugarcane, tobacco, and rice, the realization that more African slaves were needed to satisfy the demands quickly resulted in the rush for slave traders to bring more slaves. Of course, the price for slaves made a drastic increase from $500.00 to more than $1,200.00 per slave. However, the price paid for older men and women at $250.00 each, and small children at $650.00 did not increase.

The larger plantation owners had no more than twenty slaves to work their lands, while the smaller farmers maintained the services of eight to five slaves. Nevertheless, slavery appeared to be a permanent fixture in the New World. The White slave-owners became satisfied with the work of Black slaves; with this the Natives of the land felt a sense of relief, because the pressure to solicit their involuntary servitude had been redirected. The few Natives held against their will had been returned to their people by the colonies as a gesture of disguised goodwill to show friendly favor towards the Natives to stop the attacks against them.

When the attacks by the Natives became less frequent, the individual plantation owners began to spread out even further west to enlarge their plantations to meet the growing European trade demands. The demand for cotton was added to the growing list of American products on the demand for European markets, and thus required a greater expansion of the plantations.

The value of American farms had begun to be realized by Europeans, which also developed a growing market for their shipbuilders, as the shipping industry rapidly grew to help meet the seemingly ever-increasing demands for American and Caribbean marketable products. More slave ships were also being built because of the widespread growth of slave markets in both the Caribbean and American Colonies.

By 1650, the population of the colonies had grown to nearly 60,000, and by that time the African slaves had been established in the colonies as chattel (personal property) and the indentured status had been completely removed for African slaves; they were considered permanent property of the plantation and farm owners who bought them.

With the growing demand for more sugar, the three powers occupying the Caribbean Islands, (English, French, and Dutch) realized the need for African slaves to develop and maintain the plantations, because the Arawak Indian population had mainly died out, while others abandoned the Islands and resettled in the jungles of South America.

The costal colonies continued to grow with mostly English settlements. The French and Dutch settlements were vastly scattered throughout the coastal regions. By the year 1700, the colonial population had grown to more than 400,000 settlers.

CHAPTER 2

Loyalty to the Crown Becomes Weak

The original colonies had grown to 13, and they were separated into three main characteristics: (1) large tobacco plantations of Virginia, the Carolinas, and southern Georgia. The three type plantations had many African slaves, (2) New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland were involved in producing grain, lumber, and materials for making clothes, and (3) New England colonies consisting of Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Main, Connecticut, and Massachusetts were predominately Puritan colonies and had a difficult time dealing with the other colonies. Feeling somewhat isolated from the other colonies, most of the Puritans moved further away from the colonial settlements.

The French and the Dutch had tried in vain to beat the English to the punch in establishing successful settlements, but the English settlements were more successful and had gained recognition as a colonial power.

England was not overly interested in the total responsibility of the colonial settlements until English businessmen seeing the opportunity to increase their wealth convinced the government of the possible prosperity if the Crown were to maintain control of the settlements. Yielding to pressures from the businessmen, England sent more military personnel to the colonies to maintain order, and to grant authority to the settlers to own land, while its primary function was to govern the settlers to maintain absolute control of the colonies.

The farmers of the New England colonies of Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Maine, Connecticut, and Massachusetts quickly expanded, and by 1665 they had pushed the Natives out of the regions. However, they enslaved some of the Natives captured during the fight to secure their land and territorial expansions.

The New England Quakers did whatever they could to maintain peace with the Natives, but their missionary work was overshadowed by the Puritans aggressive advancements.

In August 1664, the English Navy took the New Amsterdam Colony (New York City) from the Dutch settlers. Before the English took it, New Amsterdam had developed into the largest Dutch colonial settlement in the New Netherland province.

The Dutch Republic, through a fleet of more than 20 ships regained control of New Netherland in August 1673, but could not withstand the continued pressure from the English Navy and eventually ceded to the English in 1674 during the Treaty of Westminster.

This same pattern continued throughout the colonies until the English, by 1700, finally seized control of all the colonial settlements.

Emigrants continued to pour into the settlements, and the established cities grew larger by the month as businesses expanded.

The Natives saw the expansion of the White settlers as a continued threat to their livelihood, and they continued to question the rights of these people to move into their land and take control of it; as the Natives engagement in defending their land grew, the English increased their military presence to protect, first and foremost, their investments, and secondly, the settlers.

Under no circumstances had religious principles been applied thus far to any of the movements by the colonial settlers, except for the Quakers, who had tried to make a humane difference. Besides African slaves, the Natives had also been subjected to slavery whenever they were caught by the settlers. The former White indentured slaves had been granted their freedom and were now considered colonial citizens with the same rights and privileges as the other settlers.

By the beginning of the 18th Century, immigrants from other European countries, coupled with the criminal and undesirables from England, and those born in the colonies, found no reasons to continue to lend their loyalty to the English Crown, and did not sympathize with England's financial struggles during the era, because they were more concerned with their very own problems living under the strain of England's control over them, and the rising threats of taxation.

Territorial disputes between the English and the French led to armed conflicts, and at one point the French had gained control of most of the choice land between Canada and the Ohio Valley, and were pushing further to the south to Western Pennsylvania, and this move by the French became a direct threat to the stability of the colonies.

The British, to persuade the French to discontinue their advancement and to stop building forts on and near the upper Allegheny River, sent a young Virginia Officer by the name of George Washington to deliver a letter to the French leaders to discontinue their advancement into English held territories.

(Continues…)



Excerpted from "A Defiant Nation"
by .
Copyright © 2017 Clifford Simmie Tyus.
Excerpted by permission of AuthorHouse.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Table of Contents

Introduction, xv,
They Came to Conquer, xv,
How I Learned About, and Experienced Hatred, xvi,
A Life Experience, xviii,
My Plight Revealed the Existence of Angels, xx,
Another Revelation, xxii,
Chapter,
1. "Righteousness exalteth a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people (nation)" (Proverb 14:34), 1,
2. Loyalty to the Crown Becomes Weak, 7,
3. The Making of a Revolutionary War, 11,
4. Has Living in a Democratic Society Blinded Us?, 22,
5. We Must Never Forget that God is the Creator, and we are the Created!, 28,
6. Dominion versus Slavery, 34,
7. The Emancipation Proclamation and the Thirteenth Amendment, 43,
8. Through the Eyes of Godless Men, 51,
9. The Unites States, 55,
10. The United States' Relations with Canada and Mexico, 64,
11. Whose Posterity Was at Stake During the Formative Years of America?, 70,
12. Runaway Slaves Prove Their Ability to Survive, 76,
13. The Impact of Separation of Church and State, 83,
14. The Danger of Special Laws for Americans Based on the Color of Their Skin, 91,
15. The Truth Shall Set You Free, 97,
16. Farm Subsidy is a Killer, 100,
17. We Have Come This Far by Faith, 102,
18. Warning Signs of America's Great Fall, 106,
19. Defiance is More Than a Word, 113,
20. Thou shall have no other gods before Me, 119,
21. The Confrontational Challenges of Democracy, 125,
22. Is America For Sale?, 130,
23. The Land of the Free, and the Home of the Brave!, 136,
24. Do Americans of African Descent Really Have Shallow Feelings for White People?, 141,
25. We Must Realize We Cannot Make it on Our Own, 148,
26. We are our Children's Keeper, 157,
27. The Failure of Democracy in Plain View, 165,
28. _Love is the Adhesive that Holds a Nation of People Together, 172,
29. The Rough Side of the Mountain, 185,
30. Challenge to Gangs, 189,
31. Twentieth Century Americans vs. Twenty-First Century Americans, 195,
32. Did Americans Leave Anything for Their Children to Fight For?, 201,
33. Is Man's Laws Contrary to God's Commandments?, 208,
34. The rise before the fall, 216,
35. Institutional Denomination versus Christian Reality, 219,
36. Getting Ahead, 225,
37. Hunger in the Land of Plenty, 230,
38. Rich Americans are the agony of America's people, 235,
39. Our Progenitors, 243,
40. What can Americans do to turn things around for a better relationship with God?, 251,
41. _What must American people do to prepare themselves for defense against the principalities and powers of the world?, 260,
42. America has no official language, 270,
43. American racism through the eyes of a child, 278,
44. My last childhood dreams, 288,
45. What is America to me?, 301,
46. The ungodly evils of Planned Parenthood, 307,
47. "All Negroes should go back to Africa!", 318,
48. Profit first, process last, 327,
49. America's race based immigration, 337,
50. America is plagued by the acts of dead men, 345,
51. A nation without God, 353,
52. Don't be fooled by the world, Jesus is the only way!, 363,
53. The making of a desolate land, 376,
54. Lest we forget, 388,

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