A Documentary History of the Civil War Era: Volume 1, Legislative Achievements

A Documentary History of the Civil War Era: Volume 1, Legislative Achievements

by Thomas C. Mackey (Editor)

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Overview

A Documentary History of the American Civil War Era is the first comprehensive collection of public policy actions, political speeches, and judicial decisions related to the American Civil War. This three-volume set gives scholars, teachers, and students easy access to the full texts of the most important, fundamental documents as well as hard-to-find, rarely published primary sources on this critical period in U.S. history.
    The first volume of the series, Legislative Achievements, contains legislation passed in response to the turmoil seizing the country on the brink of, during, and in the wake of the Civil War. Forthcoming are volume 2, Political Arguments, which contains voices of politicians, political party platforms, and administrative speeches, and volume 3, Judicial Decisions, which provides judicial opinions and decisions as the Civil War raged in the courtrooms as well as on the battlefields.
    Organized chronologically, each of the selections is preceded by an introductory headnote that explains the document’s historical significance and traces its lasting impact. These headnotes provide insight into not only law and public policy but also the broad sweep of issues that engaged Civil War-era America.
    Legislative Achievements features some of the most momentous and enduring public policy documents from the time, beginning with the controversial September 15, 1850, Fugitive Slave Act and concluding with the June 18, 1878, Posse Comitatus Act. Both military and nonmilitary legislation constitute this part, including the April 19, 1861, proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln declaring a naval blockade on Southern ports and Confederate President Jefferson Davis’s proclamation authorizing blockade runners to attack Northern shipping, both issued on the same day. Nonmilitary legislation includes statutes affecting the postwar period, such as the 1862 Homestead Act, the Civil Rights Act of 1866, and all four of the Reconstruction Acts. Also in this section are the three constitutional amendments, the Habeas Corpus Acts of 1863 and 1867, the Freedman’s Bureau Acts of 1865 and 1866, and the 1867 Tenure of Office Act together with President Andrew Johnson’s message vetoing the Act. 
    A Documentary History of the American Civil War Era is an essential acquisition for academic and public libraries in addition to being a valuable resource for students of the Civil War and Reconstruction, legal history, public policy, and nineteenth-century American history.

THOMAS C. MACKEY is a professor of history at the University of Louisville and adjunct Professor of Law at Brandeis School of Law. He is the author of Pornography on Trial (2002)  and Pursuing Johns (2005).

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781572338692
Publisher: University of Tennessee Press
Publication date: 11/30/2012
Series: Voices Of The Civil War Series
Edition description: 1
Pages: 328
Product dimensions: 9.20(w) x 6.20(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

THOMAS C. MACKEY is a professor of history at the University of Louisville and adjunct Professor of Law at Brandeis School of Law. He is the author of Pornography on Trial (2002)  and Pursuing Johns (2005).

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction: A Documentary History of the American Civil War Era xi

Volume 1 Legislative Achievements

Fugitive Slave Act, September 18, 1850 5

Kansas-Nebraska Act, May 30, 1854 11

Crittenden Compromise, December 18, 1860 29

Proposed Thirteenth Amendment, 1860 33

Lincoln's Proclamation, April 15, 1861 37

Magoffin and Kentucky Neutrality, April 16, May 16, 1861 39

Proclamations on Blockade and Marque, April 19, 1861 41

Crittenden-Johnson Resolutions, July 22 and 23, 1861 45

First Confiscation Act, August 6, 1861 47

Seditious Conspiracy Act, July 31, 1861 49

Abolishment of Slavery in the District of Columbia Act, April 16, 1862 51

Confederate Conscription Act, April 17, and "20 Negro" Amendment, October 11, 1862 55

Homestead Act, May 20, 1862 63

Pacific Railroad Act, July 1, 1862 67

Morrill Land Grant Act, July 2, 1862 81

Non-issued Lincoln Veto to Second Confiscation Act, July 12, 1862 85

Supplement, Abolishment of Slavery in the District of Columbia Act, July 12, 1862 89

Judiciary Act, July 15, 1862 91

Militia Act, July 17, 1862 93

Second Confiscation Act, July 17, 1862 97

Second Confiscation Act Supplement, July 17, 1862 101

West Virginia Act, December 31, 1862 103

National Banking Act, February 25, 1863 107

Federal Conscription Act, March 3, 1863 129

Habeas Corpus Act, March 3, 1863 139

Freedmen's Bureau Act, March 3, 1865 145

Thirteenth Amendment, December 6, 1865 149

President Johnson's Veto, Freedmen's Bureau Act, February 19, 1866 151

President Johnson's Veto, Civil Rights Act, March 27, 1866 159

Civil Rights Act, April 9, 1866 169

Freedmen's Bureau Act, July 16, 1866 173

President Johnson's Veto, Freedmen's Bureau Act, July 16, 1866 179

Judicial Circuits Act, July 23, 1866 185

Habeas Corpus Act, February 5, 1867 187

Reconstruction Act [First], March 2, 1867 191

President Johnson's Veto, First Reconstruction Act, March 2, 1867 195

Tenure of Office Act, March 2, 1867 209

President Johnson's Veto, Tenure of Office Act, March 2, 1867 213

Anti-Peonage Act, March 2, 1867 221

Reconstruction Act [Second], March 23, 1867 223

President Johnson's Veto, Second Reconstruction Act, March 23, 1867 229

Reconstruction Act [Third], July 19, 1867 235

President Johnson's Veto, Third Reconstruction Act, July 19, 1867 239

Articles of Impeachment, President Andrew Johnson, February 24, 1868 249

Reconstruction Act [Fourth], March 11, 1868 261

Fourteenth Amendment, July 9, 1868 263

Fifteenth Amendment, February 3, 1870 265

Enforcement Act, May 30, 1870 267

Enforcement Act, April 20, 1871 277

Civil Rights Act, March 1, 1875 283

Congressional Electoral Commission, January 29, 1877 287

Posse Comitatus Act, June 18, 1878 293

Chronology 295

Selected Readings 301

Index 309

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