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Charles Thomas Newton (1816-1894) was a British archaeologist specialising in Greek and Roman artefacts. He studied at Christ Church, Oxford before joining the British Museum. Newton left the Museum in 1852 to explore the coast of Asia Minor, and in 1856 he discovered the remains of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, one of the seven ancient wonders of the world. This study, first published in 1862, contains Newton's descriptions of the archaeological excavations of the Mausoleum and other sites. Compiled from Newton's official reports, this detailed account of the archaeological procedures used in his excavation and the artefacts he found provides valuable insights into mid-nineteenth-century practice. The original edition included a large volume of plates, which it is not feasible to reproduce at this time. However the information in the text volumes is of sufficient importance to merit their reissue independently.
Table of Contents
Part I: 1. Early history of Caria; 2. Hekatomnus, Prince of Caris, his ancestors; 3. Notices of the Mausoleum in Byzantine authors down to the 12th century; 4. Arrival of the Gorgon at Budrum, November, 1856; 5. Excavations on eastern side; 6. Scanty evidence for a restoration of the Mausoleum afforded by the architectural marbles found in situ; 7. Three principal points on which the restoration depends, assumed at the outset; 8. Description of the sculptures of the Mausoleum; 9. Description of Halicarnassus by Vitruvius; 10. Former discovery in this field of a torso; 11. Excavations on the site of the Temple of Mars; 12. Eastern cemetery; Part II: 13. Excavations at Cnidus; 14. Walls surrounding the city; 15. Platform below the Acropolis; 16. Site of Temple of Muses; 17. Excavation at entrance to lower theatre; 18. Corinthian temple, supposed by Leake to be that of Venus; 19. Ancient road leading through Necropolis to the east of Cnidus; 20. Discovery of the Lion Tomb; 21. General appearance of the ruins; 22. Tomb on the Peninsula; 23. Visit to Branchidae in the 'Supply'; 24. Route from Eski Hissar to Lagina; 25. Route from Budrum to Myndus (Gumischlu); 26. Guverjilik; 27. Town of Cos; Appendices; Indices.