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Columbia University Press
A History of Islamic Philosophy / Edition 2

A History of Islamic Philosophy / Edition 2

by Majid Fakhry, Majid Falkhry


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A History of Islamic Philosophy / Edition 2

The first comprehensive survey of Islamic philosophy from the seventh century to the present, this classic discusses Islamic thought and its effect on the cultural aspects of Muslim life. Fakhry shows how Islamic philosophy has followed from the earliest times a distinctive line of development, which gives it the unity and continuity that are the marks of the great intellectual movements of history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780231055338
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 07/28/1987
Series: Studies in Oriental Culture Series
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 394
Product dimensions: 5.38(w) x 8.22(h) x 1.08(d)

About the Author

Majid Fakhry is professor emeritus of philosophy at the American University of Beirut and adjunct professor at Georgetown University. He is the author of several books, including Averroes: His Life, Works, and Influence; Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Mysticism; Ethical Theories in Islam; Al-Farabi, Founder of Islamic Neoplatonism; and Philosophy, Dogma, and the Impact of Greek Thought on Islam, in addition to fifteen titles in Arabic. He has recently published a translation of the Qur'an entitled An Interpretation of the Qur'an: A Bilingual Edition.

Table of Contents

The Legacy of Greece, Alexandria, and the Orient
I.The Near Eastern Scene in the Seventh Century
II.The Translations of Philosophical Texts
III.Pre-Socratics, Peripatetics, and Stoics
IV.Neo-Platonic Elements: The Apocryphal Theologia Aristotelis and the Liber de Causis
V.Persian and Indian Influences
Early Political and Religious Tensions
I.The Religio-Political Factions
II.The Rise of Islamic Scholasticism (Kalām)
Beginnings of Systematic Philosophical Writing in the Ninth Century
I.The First Systematic Philosophical Writer in Islam: Al-Kindī
II.The Rise of Naturalism and the Challenge to Islamic Dogma: Ibn Al-Rāzī
III.The Progress of Free Thought and Religious Heterodoxy
The Further Development of Islamic Neo-Platonism
II.Ibn Sīnā
Neo-Pythagoreanism and the Popularization of the Philosophical Sciences
I.Philosophy, the Handmaid of Politics
II.The Mathematico-Philosophical Presuppositions of the Brethren
III.The Cosmology and Metaphysics of the Brethren
IV.The Psychology and the Epistemology of the Brethren
The Diffusion of Philosophical Culture in the Tenth Century
I.Abū Hayyān Al-Tauhīdī
III.Yahia b. 'Adī
The Interaction of Philosophy and Dogma
I.The Eclipse of Theological Rationalism
II.The Ash'arite School and the Formulation of the Occasionalist Metaphysics of Atoms and Accidents
III.The Systematic Refutation of Neo-Platonism: Al-Ghazālī
The Rise and Development of Islamic Mysticism (Sūfism)
I.Ascetic Origins
II.Pantheistic Tendencies: Al-Bastāmī (or Al-Bistāmī)
III.Synthesis and Systematization -Al-Ghazālī and Ibn 'Arabī
IV.Rūmī, Supreme Mystical Poet
V.Sūfi Orders: Sūsim Today
The Arab-Spanish Interlude and the Revival of Peripateticism
I.Beginnings of Philosophical Speculation in Muslim Spain: Ibn Masarrah Al-Majrītī, and Ibn Bājjah
II.Ibn Tufayl and the Natural Progression of the Mind Toward Truth
III.Ibn Rushd and the Defense of Aristotelianism
Post-Avicennian Developments: Illumination and the Reaction against Peripateticisim
II.The Subsequent Development of Illuminationism: Sadr Al-Dīn Al Shīrāzī (Mulla Sadrā) and His Successors
III.The Continuity of the Ishrāqī Tradition in Persia
Theological Reaction and Reconstruction
I.Literalism and Neo-Hanbalism: Ibn Hazm, Ibn Taymiyah, and Muhammad B. 'Abdul-Wahhāb
II.Moderation and Decline: F. D. Al-Rāzī, N. D. Al-Nsafī,Al- Ījī, Al-Jurjānī, and Al-Bājurī
III.Reaction and Reconstruction: Ibn Khaldūn
Modernist Trends
I.The Emergence of the Modernist Spirit: J. D. Al-Afghānī and Muhammad 'Abdu
II.Islamic Philosophy in India and Southeast Asia
III.Modernism in India: Sayyid Ahmad Khān, Ameer Ali, and Muhammad Iqbāl
Contemporary Trends
I.Liberalism, Secularism, and Fundamentalism
II.Existentialism, Positivism, and Marxism
III.Postmodernism and Hermeneutics

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