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History of Western Society, Value Edition, Volume 1 / Edition 11

History of Western Society, Value Edition, Volume 1 / Edition 11

by John P. McKay


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History of Western Society, Value Edition, Volume 1 / Edition 11

The lively and accessible narrative and the hallmark focus on social and cultural history that has made A History of Western Society one of the most successful textbooks for the Western civilization course is now available at a greatly reduced cost. The new Value Edition of A History of Western Society includes the full narrative, the popular "Individuals in Society" feature, and select primary sources, images, and maps. Available with all of the integrated media and supplements of the full text--including access to LearningCurve, Bedford's new online adaptive learning resource, and new online document assignments—the Value Edition offers a wealth of resources for students and more flexibility for instructors, all at an extremely affordable price.

To see an example of the new Online Document Assignment from Chapter 14, click here.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 2901457648501
Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date: 09/20/2013
Edition description: Eleventh Edition
Pages: 640
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

John P. McKay (Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley) is professor emeritus at the University of Illinois. He has written or edited numerous works, including the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize-winning book Pioneers for Profit: Foreign Entrepreneurship and Russian Industrialization, 1885-1913 and Tramways and Trolleys: The Rise of Urban Mass Transport in Europe. He also contributed to Imagining the Twentieth Century.

Bennett D. Hill (Ph.D., Princeton), late of the University of Illinois, was the history department chair from 1978 to 1981. He published Church and State in the Middle Ages, English Cistercian Monasteries and Their Patrons in the Twelfth Century, and numerous articles and reviews, and was one of the contributing editors to The Encyclopedia of World History. A Benedictine monk of St. Anselm's Abbey in Washington, D.C., he was also a visiting professor at Georgetown University.

John Buckler (Ph.D., Harvard University) taught history at the University of Illinois. Published books include Aegean Greece in the Fourth Century B.C., Philip II and the Sacred War, and Theban Hegemony, 371-362 B.C. With Hans Beck, he most recently published Central Greece and the Politics of Power in the Fourth Century.

Clare Haru Crowston (Ph.D., Cornell University) teaches at the University of Illinois, where she is currently associate professor of history. She is the author of Fabricating Women: The Seamstresses of Old Regime France, 1675-1791, which won the Berkshire and Hagley Prizes. She edited two special issues of the Journal of Women's History, has published numerous journal articles and reviews, and is a past president of the Society for French Historical Studies and a former chair of the Pinkney Prize Committee.

Merry E. Wiesner-Hanks (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) taught first at Augustana College in Illinois, and since 1985 at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, where she is currently UWM Distinguished Professor in the department of history. She is the coeditor of the Sixteenth Century Journal and the author or editor of more than twenty books, most recently The Marvelous Hairy Girls: The Gonzales Sisters and Their Worlds and Gender in History. She currently serves as the Chief Reader for Advanced Placement World History.

Joe Perry (Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) is Associate Professor of modern German and European history at Georgia State University. He has published numerous articles and is author of the recently published book Christmas in Germany: A Cultural History. His current research interests include issues of consumption, gender, and television in East and West Germany after World War II.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Origins to 1200 b.c.e.

Understanding Western History

     Describing the West

     What Is Civilization?

The Earliest Human Societies

     From the First Hominids to the Paleolithic Era

     Planting Crops

     Implications of Agriculture

     Trade and Cross-Cultural Connections

Civilization in Mesopotamia

     Environment and Mesopotamian Development

     The Invention of Writing and the First Schools

     Religion in Mesopotamia

     Sumerian Politics and Society

Empires in Mesopotamia

     The Akkadians and the Babylonians

     Life Under Hammurabi

     Cultural Exchange in the Fertile Crescent

The Egyptians

     The Nile and the God-King

     Egyptian Religion

     Egyptian Society and Work

     Egyptian Family Life

     The Hyksos and New Kingdom Revival

     Conflict and Cooperation with the Hittites

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Hatshepsut and Nefertiti

Primary Source: Paleolithic Venus Figures

Primary Source: Morality in the Egyptian Book of the Dead

Chapter 2: Small Kingdoms and Mighty Empires in the Near East 1200–510 b.c.e.

Iron and the Emergence of New States

     Iron Technology

     The Decline of Egypt and the Emergence of Kush

     The Rise of Phoenicia

The Hebrews

     The Hebrew State

     The Jewish Religion

     Hebrew Family and Society

Assyria, the Military Monarchy

     Assyria’s Long Road to Power

     Assyrian Rule and Culture

     The Neo-Babylonian Empire

The Empire of the Persian Kings

     Consolidation of the Persian Empire

     Persian Religion

     Persian Art and Culture

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Cyrus the Great

Primary Source: The Report of Wenamun

Primary Source: A Jewish Family Contract

Chapter 3: The Development of Greek Society and Culture, ca. 3000–338 b.c.e.

Greece in the Bronze Age

     Geography and Settlement

     The Minoans

     The Mycenaeans

     Homer, Hesiod, and the Epic

The Development of the Polis in the Archaic Age

     Organization of the Polis

     Governing Structures

     Overseas Expansion

     The Growth of Sparta

     The Evolution of Athens

War and Turmoil in the Classical Period

     The Persian Wars

     Growth of the Athenian Empire

     The Peloponnesian War

     The Struggle for Dominance

     Philip II and Macedonian Supremacy

Classical Greek Life and Culture

     Athenian Arts in the Age of Pericles

     Households and Work

     Gender and Sexuality

     Public and Personal Religion

     The Flowering of Philosophy

Chapter Review – LearningCurve


Primary Source: Hesiod, Works and Days

Primary Source: Sophocles, Antigone

Chapter 4: Life in the Hellenistic World 336–30 b.c.e.

Alexander’s Conquests and Their Political Legacy

     Military Campaigns

     The Political Legacy

Building a Hellenized Society

     Urban Life

     Greeks in Hellenistic Cities

     Greeks and Non-Greeks

The Economy of the Hellenistic World

     Agriculture and Industry


Religion and Philosophy in the Hellenistic World

     Religion and Magic

     Hellenism and the Jews

     Philosophy and the People

Hellenistic Science and Medicine



Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Alexander the Great

Primary Source: Arrian on Alexander the Great

Individuals in Society: Archimedes, Scientist and Inventor

Chapter 5: The Rise of Rome ca. 1000–27 b.c.e.

Rome’s Rise to Power

     The Geography of Italy

     The Etruscans

     The Founding of Rome

     The Roman Conquest of Italy

The Roman Republic

     The Roman State

     Social Conflict in Rome

Roman Expansion

     The Punic Wars

     Rome Turns East

Roman Society

     Roman Families

     Greek Influence on Roman Culture

     Opposing Views: Cato the Elder and Scipio Aemilianus

The Late Republic

     Reforms for Poor and Landless Citizens

     Political Violence

     Civil War

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Queen Cleopatra

Primary Source: A Woman’s Actions in the Turia Inscription

Primary Source: Plutarch on the Reforms of Gaius Gracchus

Chapter 6: The Roman Empire, 27 b.c.e.–284 c.e.

Augustus’s Reign

     The Principate

     Roman Expansion

     The Flowering of Latin Literature

     Marriage and Morality

Augustus’s Successors

     The Julio-Claudians and the Flavians

     The Age of the "Five Good Emperors"

Rome and the Provinces

     Life in Imperial Rome

     Approaches to Urban Problems

     Popular Entertainment

     Prosperity in the Roman Provinces

     Trade and Commerce

The Coming of Christianity

     Factors Behind the Rise of Christianity

     The Life and Teachings of Jesus

     The Spread of Christianity

     The Growing Acceptance and Evolution of Christianity

The Empire in Disarray

     Civil Wars and Military Commanders

     Turmoil in Economic Life

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

ONLINE DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT Individuals in Society: Bithus, a Soldier in the Roman Army

Primary Source: Ovid, The Art of Love

Chapter 7: Late Antiquity, 250–600

Reconstruction Under Diocletian and Constantine

     Political Measures

     Economic Issues

     The Acceptance of Christianity

The Growth of the Christian Church

     The Church and Its Leaders

     The Development of Christian Monasticism

     Monastery Life

     Christianity and Classical Culture

     Christian Notions of Gender and Sexuality

     Saint Augustine on Human Nature, Will, and Sin

Barbarian Society

     Village and Family Life

     Tribes and Hierarchies

     Customary and Written Law

     Celtic and Germanic Religion

Migration, Assimilation, and Conflict

     Celtic and Germanic People in Gaul and Britain

     Visigoths and Huns

     Germanic Kingdoms and the End of the Roman Empire

Christian Missionaries and Conversion

     Missionaries’ Actions

     The Process of Conversion

The Byzantine Empire

     Sources of Byzantine Strength

     The Law Code of Justinian

     Byzantine Intellectual Life

     The Orthodox Church

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Theodora of Constantinople

Primary Source: Recruiting and Training Soldiers in the Roman Army

Primary Source: Tacitus on Germanic Society

Chapter 8: Europe in the Early Middle Ages, 600–1000

The Spread of Islam

     The Arabs

     The Prophet Muhammad

     The Teachings and Expansion of Islam

     Sunni and Shi’a Divisions

     Life in Muslim Spain

     Muslim-Christian Relations

     Cross-Cultural Influences in Science and Medicine

Frankish Rulers and Their Territories

     The Merovingians

     The Rise of the Carolingians

     The Warrior-Ruler Charlemagne

     Carolingian Government and Society

     The Imperial Coronation of Charlemagne

Early Medieval Culture

     The Carolingian Renaissance

     Northumbrian Learning and Writing

Invasions and Migrations

     Vikings in Western Europe

     Slavs and Vikings in Eastern Europe

     Magyars and Muslims

Political and Economic Decentralization

     Decentralization and the Origins of "Feudalism"

     Manorialism, Serfdom, and the Slave Trade

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

The Venerable Bede

Primary Source: The Muslim Conquest of Spain

Primary Source: The Death of Beowulf

Chapter 9: State and Church in the High Middle Ages, 1000–1300

Political Revival and the Origins of the Modern State



     Central Europe


     The Iberian Peninsula

Law and Justice

     Local Laws and Royal Courts

     The Magna Carta

     Law in Everyday Life


     Origins and Status of the Nobility

     Training, Marriage, and Inheritance

     Power and Responsibility

The Papacy

     The Gregorian Reforms

     Emperor Versus Pope

     Criticism and Heresy

     The Popes and Church Law

Monks, Nuns, and Friars

     Monastic Revival

     Life in Convents and Monasteries

     The Friars

The Crusades and the Expansion of Christianity

     Background and Motives of the Crusades

     The Course of the Crusades

     Consequences of the Crusades

     The Expansion of Christianity


Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Hildegard of Bingen

Primary Source: Marriage and Wardship in the Norman Exchequer

Primary Source: Pope Boniface VIII, Unam Sanctam

Chapter 10: Life in Villages and Cities of the High Middle Ages, 1000–1300

Village Life

     Slavery, Serfdom, and Upward Mobility

     The Manor


     Home Life

     Childbirth and Child Abandonment

Popular Religion

     Christian Life in Medieval Villages

     Saints and Sacraments

     Muslims and Jews

     Rituals of Marriage and Birth

     Death and the Afterlife

Towns and Economic Revival

     The Rise of Towns

     Merchant and Craft Guilds

     The Revival of Long‑Distance Trade

     Business Procedures

     The Commercial Revolution

Urban Life

     City Life

     Servants and the Poor

     Popular Entertainment

Medieval Universities


     Legal and Medical Training

     Theology and Philosophy

     University Students

Literature and Architecture

     Vernacular Literature and Drama

     Churches and Cathedrals

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Life in Medieval Towns

Primary Source: The Pilgrim’s Guide to Santiago de Compostela

Individuals in Society: Francesco Datini

Primary Source: Thomas Aquinas on Reason and Faith

Chapter 11: The Later Middle Ages, 1300–1450

Prelude to Disaster

     Climate Change and Famine

     Social Consequences

The Black Death


     Spread of the Disease

     Care of the Sick

     Economic, Religious, and Cultural Effects

The Hundred Years’ War


     English Successes

     Joan of Arc and France’s Victory


Challenges to the Church

     The Babylonian Captivity and Great Schism

     Critiques, Divisions, and Councils

     Lay Piety and Mysticism

Social Unrest in a Changing Society

     Peasant Revolts

     Urban Conflicts

     Sex in the City

     Fur-Collar Crime

     Ethnic Tensions and Restrictions

     Literacy and Vernacular Literature

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Meister Eckhart

Primary Source: The Trial of Joan of Arc

Primary Source: The Statute of Laborers

Chapter 12: European Society in the Age of the Renaissance, 1350–1550

Wealth and Power in Renaissance Italy

     Trade and Prosperity

     Communes and Republics of Northern Italy

     City-States and the Balance of Power

Intellectual Change



     Political Thought

     Christian Humanism

     The Printed Word

Art and the Artist

     Patronage and Power

     Changing Artistic Styles

     The Renaissance Artist

Social Hierarchies

     Race and Slavery

     Wealth and the Nobility

     Gender Roles

Politics and the State in Western Europe




Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Leonardo da Vinci

Primary Source: A Sermon of Savonarola

Primary Source: Cassandra Fedele on Humanist Learning

Chapter 13: Reformations and Religious Wars, 1500–1600

The Early Reformation

     The Christian Church in the Early Sixteenth Century

     Martin Luther

     Protestant Thought

     The Appeal of Protestant Ideas

     The Radical Reformation and the German Peasants’ War

     Marriage, Sexuality, and the Role of Women

The Reformation and German Politics

     The Rise of the Habsburg Dynasty

     Religious Wars in Switzerland and Germany

The Spread of Protestant Ideas


     Henry VIII and the Reformation in England

     Upholding Protestantism in England


     The Reformation in Eastern Europe

The Catholic Reformation

     Papal Reform and the Council of Trent

     New and Reformed Religious Orders

Religious Violence

     French Religious Wars

     The Netherlands Under Charles V

     The Great European Witch-Hunt

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Anna Jansz of Rotterdam

Primary Source: Elizabethan Injunctions About Religion

Primary Source: 1547 Ordinances in Calvin’s Geneva

Chapter 14: European Exploration and Conquest, 1450–1650

World Contacts Before Columbus

     The Trade World of the Indian Ocean

     The Trading States of Africa

     The Ottoman and Persian Empires

     Genoese and Venetian Middlemen

The European Voyages of Discovery

     Causes of European Expansion

     Technology and the Rise of Exploration

     The Portuguese Overseas Empire

     The Problem of Christopher Columbus

     Later Explorers

     Spanish Conquest in the New World

     Early French and English Settlement in the New World

The Impact of Conquest

     Colonial Administration

     Impact of European Settlement on Indigenous Peoples

     Life in the Colonies

     The Columbian Exchange

Europe and the World After Columbus

     Sugar and Slavery

     Spanish Silver and Its Economic Effects

     The Birth of the Global Economy

Changing Attitudes and Beliefs

     New Ideas About Race

     Michel de Montaigne and Cultural Curiosity

     William Shakespeare and His Influence

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Individuals in Society: Juan de Pareja

Primary Source: A Portuguese Traveler Describes Swahili City-States of East Africa

Primary Source: Tenochtitlán Leaders Respond to Spanish Missionaries

Chapter 15: Absolutism and Constitutionalism, ca. 1589–1725

Seventeenth-Century Crisis and Rebuilding

     The Social Order and Peasant Life

     Famine and Economic Crisis

     The Thirty Years’ War

     Achievements in State-Building

     Warfare and the Growth of Army Size

     Popular Political Action

Absolutism in France and Spain

     The Foundations of Absolutism

     Louis XIV and Absolutism

     Life at Versailles

     French Financial Management Under Colbert

     Louis XIV’s Wars

     The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century

Absolutism in Austria and Prussia

     The Return of Serfdom in the East

     The Austrian Habsburgs

     Prussia in the Seventeenth Century

     The Consolidation of Prussian Absolutism

The Development of Russia and the Ottoman Empire

     The Mongol Yoke and the Rise of Moscow

     The Tsar and His People

     The Reforms of Peter the Great

     The Growth of the Ottoman Empire

Alternatives to Absolutism in England and the Dutch Republic

     Absolutist Claims in England

Religious Divides and the English Civil War

     Cromwell and Puritanical Absolutism in England

     The Restoration of the English Monarchy

     Constitutional Monarchy and Cabinet Government

     The Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century

     Baroque Art and Music

Chapter Review – LearningCurve


Primary Source: Letter from Versailles

Primary Source: John Locke, Two Treatises of Government

Chapter 16: Toward a New Worldview, 1540–1789

Major Breakthroughs of the Scientific Revolution

     Scientific Thought in 1500

     Origins of the Scientific Revolution

     The Copernican Hypothesis

     Brahe, Kepler, and Galileo: Proving Copernicus Right

     Newton’s Synthesis

Important Changes in Scientific Thinking

     Bacon, Descartes, and the Scientific Method

     Medicine, the Body, and Chemistry

     Empire and Natural History

     Science and Society

The Enlightenment

     The Emergence of the Enlightenment

     The Influence of the Philosophes

     Jean-Jacques Rousseau

     The International Enlightenment

     Urban Culture and Life in the Public Sphere

     Race and the Enlightenment

Enlightened Absolutism

     Frederick the Great of Prussia

     Catherine the Great of Russia

     The Austrian Habsburgs

     Jewish Life and the Limits of Enlightened Absolutism

Chapter Review – LearningCurve

Moses Mendelssohn and the Jewish Enlightenment

Primary Source: Galileo Galilei, The Sidereal Messenger

Primary Source: Du Châtelet, Foundations of Physics

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