This 1850 account of the history of Arctic exploration was dedicated to Lady Franklin, whose energy in spurring on expeditions in search of her husband and his two ships, by then missing for five years, was widely admired. John Shillinglaw (d.1862), a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, was able both to give a historical perspective and to describe the most recent efforts being made to discover Franklin's fate. The narrative begins with the Viking exploration and settlement of Iceland and Greenland, and possible landings in North America. While focusing on British voyages in more recent history, Shillinglaw also includes Russian and Danish activities, as well as the founding of trading firms like the Hudson's Bay Company. But the greater part of the book describes, in considerable detail, voyages from the late eighteenth century up to 1850, and offers a useful synthesis of the first-hand accounts published in this period.
Table of Contents
Preface; 1. Scandinavian enterprise and its results; 2. Emulation excited by the example of Columbus; 3. Sebastian Cabot transfers his services to Spain; 4. Stephen Burrough sent out by the Muscovy Company; 5. New attempt to discover a north-eastern passage; 6. Private voyage of discovery at the expense of Alderman Cherie; 7. Captain Thomas Button sent out by Henry Prince of Wales; 8. Arctic voyage undertaken by Captain Hawkridge; 9. Particulars of the voyage of the Maria; 10. Renewed attempt to discover a north-east passage; 11. Plans of Peter the Great; 12. Expedition under the sanction of George III; 13. Formation of North-West Company; 14. Spirit of enterprise re-kindled; 15. Expeditions commanded by Captains Parry and Liddon; 16. Franklin's overland expedition; 17. Russian Asiatic discoveries; 18. Expedition commanded by Captains Parry and Lyon; 19. Three expeditions planned; 20. Expedition by Captain Parry; 21. Anxiety in England respecting the fate of Captain Ross; 22. Royal Geographical Society recommend new expedition; 23. Expedition of Sir John Franklin and Captain Crozier; 24. Three expeditions sent out in search of Sir John Franklin; 25. Return of Sir J. Richardson from his search by the Mackenzie; 26. Proceedings of Herald and Plover; Conclusion; Appendix.